Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 650A, 111-111 (2021/6-1)
LoTSS jellyfish galaxies. I. Radio tails in low redshift clusters.
ROBERTS I.D., VAN WEEREN R.J., McGEE S.L., BOTTEON A., DRABENT A., IGNESTI A., ROTTGERING H.J.A., SHIMWELL T.W. and TASSE C.
Abstract (from CDS):
Context. The cluster environment has a strong impact on galaxy star formation, as seen by the fact that clusters host proportionally more red, passive galaxies relative to the field. Ram pressure stripping may drive this environmental quenching by directly stripping cold gas from galactic disks. In some cases, ram pressure stripping gives rise to 'jellyfish galaxies', observed with clear 'tentacles' of stripped gas extending beyond the optical extent of the galaxy.
Aims. In this paper we present a large sample of jellyfish galaxies in low redshift clusters (z<0.05), identified through 120-168MHz radio continuum from the LOFAR Two-metre Sky Survey (LoTSS).
Methods. From a parent sample of 29 X-ray-detected SDSS galaxy clusters and their spectroscopic members, we visually identify 95 star-forming, LoTSS jellyfish galaxies with 144MHz radio tails. Star formation rates (SFRs) and stellar masses are obtained for all galaxies from SED fits. For each jellyfish galaxy we determine the tail orientation with respect to the cluster centre and quantify the prominence of the radio tails with the 144MHz shape asymmetry.
Results. After carefully accounting for redshift-dependent selection effects, we find that the frequency of jellyfish galaxies is relatively constant from cluster to cluster. LoTSS jellyfish galaxies are preferentially found at small clustercentric radius and large velocity offsets within their host clusters and have radio tails that are oriented away from the cluster centre. These galaxies also show enhanced star formation, relative to both 'normal' cluster galaxies and isolated field galaxies, but generally fall within the scatter of the L144MHz - SFR relation.
Conclusions. The properties of the LoTSS jellyfish galaxies identified in this work are fully consistent with expectations from ram pressure stripping. This large sample of jellyfish galaxies will be valuable for further constraining ram pressure stripping and star formation quenching in nearby galaxy clusters. We show that LOFAR is a powerful instrument for identifying ram pressure stripped galaxies across extremely wide fields. Moving forward, we will push the search for jellyfish galaxies beyond this initial cluster sample, including a comprehensive survey of the galaxy group regime.
© I. D. Roberts et al. 2021
galaxies: clusters: general - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: irregular - radio continuum: galaxies
erratum vol. 655, artc. C2 (2021)
Table 1 NGC 6107 Grp, W14_68 and W14_88 not identified.
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