Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 498, 5437-5449 (2020/November-2)
A revision of the vdB 130 cluster stellar content based on Gaia DR2 data: interstellar extinction toward the Cyg OB1 supershell.
SITNIK T.G., RASTORGUEV A.S., TATARNIKOVA A.A., TATARNIKOV A.M., EGOROV O.V. and TATARNIKOV A.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
Two star-forming regions are studied: the young embedded open cluster vdB 130 and the protocluster neighbourhood observed in the head and tail of the cometary molecular cloud located in the wall of the expanding supershell surrounding the Cyg OB1 association. The Gaia DR2 catalogue is employed to verify the stellar composition of the vdB 130 cluster whose members were earlier selected using the UCAC4 catalogue. The new sample of vdB 130 members contains 68 stars with close proper motions (within 1 mas yr–1) and close trigonometric parallaxes (ranging from 0.50-0.70 mas). The relative parallax error is shown to increase with distance to objects and depend on their magnitude. At a distance of 1.5-2 kpc it is of about 3-7 per cent and 20-30 per cent for bright and faint stars, respectively. The cluster is not older than ∼10 Myr. New spectroscopic and photometric observations carried out on Russian telescopes are combined with Gaia DR2 to search for optical components in the protocluster region - a new starburst. An analysis of 20 stars in the vicinity of the protocluster revealed no concentration of either proper motions or parallaxes. According to spectroscopic, photometric and trigonometric estimates, the distances to these stars range from 0.4-2.5 kpc, and colour excess is shown to increase with a distance D (kpc) in accordance with the law E(B - V) ≃ 0.6 x D mag.
© 2020 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
open clusters and associations: individual: vdB 130 - Hertzsprung-Russell and colour-magnitude diagrams - ISM: clouds - dust, extinction - stars: protostars
Stars 1-25 Table 2 not identified (no coordinates).
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