Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 496, 3257-3269 (2020/August-2)
The ASAS-SN catalogue of variable stars - VIII. 'Dipper' stars in the Lupus star-forming region.
BREDALL J.W., SHAPPEE B.J., GAIDOS E., JAYASINGHE T., VALLELY P., STANEK K.Z., KOCHANEK C.S., GAGNE J., HART K., HOLOIEN T.W.-S., PRIETO J.L. and VAN SADERS J.
Abstract (from CDS):
Some young stellar objects such as T Tauri-like 'dipper' stars vary due to transient partial occultation by circumstellar dust, and observations of this phenomenon inform us of conditions in the planet-forming zones close to these stars. Although many dipper stars have been identified with space missions such as Kepler/K2, ground-based telescopes offer longer term and multiwavelength perspectives. We identified 11 dipper stars in the Lupus star-forming region in data from the All-Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae (ASAS-SN), and further characterized these using observations by the Las Cumbres Global Observatory Telescope (LCOGT) and the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), as well as archival data from other missions. Dipper stars were identified from a catalogue of nearby young stars and selected based on the statistical significance, asymmetry, and quasi-periodicity or aperiodicity of variability in their ASAS-SN light curves. All 11 stars lie above or redwards of the zero-age main sequence and have infrared (IR) excesses indicating the presence of full circumstellar discs. We obtain reddening-extinction relations for the variability of seven stars using our combined ASAS-SN-TESS and LCOGT photometry. In all cases, the slopes are below the ISM value, suggesting larger grains, and we find a tentative relation between the slope (grain size) and the Ks-[22 µm IR colour regarded as a proxy for disc evolutionary state.
© 2020 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be
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