Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 493, 1479-1491 (2020/March-3)
Resolving the excess of long GRB's at low redshift in the Swift era.
LE T., RATKE C. and MEHTA V.
Abstract (from CDS):
Utilizing more than 100 long gamma-ray bursts (LGRBs) in the Swift-Ryan-2012 sample that includes the observed redshifts and jet angles, Le & Mehta performed a timely study of the rate density of LGRBs with an assumed broken power-law GRB spectrum and obtained a GRB-burst-rate functional form that gives acceptable fits to the pre-Swift and Swift redshift, and jet angle distributions. The results indicated an excess of LGRBs at redshift below z ∼2 in the Swift sample. In this work, we are investigating if the excess is caused by the cosmological Hubble constant H0, the gamma-ray energy released E*γ, the low- and high-energy indices (α, β) of the Band function, the minimum and maximum jet angles θj, min and θj, max, or that the excess is due to a bias in the Swift-Ryan-2012 sample. Our analyses indicate that none of the above physical parameters resolved the excess problem, but suggesting that the Swift-Ryan-2012 sample is biased with possible afterglow selection effect. The following model physical parameter values provide the best fit to the Swift-Ryan-2012 and pre-Swift samples: the Hubble constant H0 = 72 km s–1 Mpc–1, the energy released E_*γ _∼ 4.47 x 1051 erg, the energy indices α ∼ 0.9 and β ∼ -2.13, the jet angles of θj, max ∼ 0.8 rad, and θj, min ∼ 0.065 and ∼ 0.04 rad for pre-Swift and Swift, respectively, s ∼ -1.55 the jet angle power-law index, and a GRB formation rate that is similar to the Hopkins & Beacom observed star formation history and as extended by Li. Using the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Host Galaxy Legacy Survey (SHOALS) Swift-Perley LGRB sample and applying the same physical parameter values as above, however, our model provides consistent results with this data set and indicating no excess of LGRBs at any redshift.
© 2020 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
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