Astrophys. J., 900, 142-142 (2020/September-2)
Connecting optical morphology, environment, and H I mass fraction for low-redshift galaxies using deep learning.
Abstract (from CDS):
A galaxy's morphological features encode details about its gas content, star formation history, and feedback processes, which play important roles in regulating its growth and evolution. We use deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to learn a galaxy's optical morphological information in order to estimate its neutral atomic hydrogen (H I) content directly from Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) gri image cutouts. We are able to accurately predict a galaxy's logarithmic H I mass fraction, M ≡log(MHI/M*), by training a CNN on galaxies in the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA Survey (ALFALFA) 40% sample. Using pattern recognition, we remove galaxies with unreliable M estimates. We test CNN predictions on the ALFALFA 100%, extended Galaxy Evolution Explorer Arecibo SDSS Survey, and Nancay Interstellar Baryons Legacy Extragalactic Survey catalogs, and find that the CNN consistently outperforms previous estimators. The H I-morphology connection learned by the CNN appears to be constant in low- to intermediate-density galaxy environments, but it breaks down in the highest-density environments. We also use a visualization algorithm, Gradient-weighted Class Activation Maps, to determine which morphological features are associated with low or high gas content. These results demonstrate that CNNs are powerful tools for understanding the connections between optical morphology and other properties, as well as for probing other variables, in a quantitative and interpretable manner.
© 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Galaxies - Galaxy evolution - Galaxy processes - Galaxy environments - Interstellar atomic gas - Interstellar medium - Astronomy data analysis - Astronomy data modeling - Astronomy data visualization - Convolutional neural networks - Neural networks
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