2020ApJ...899...55A


Query : 2020ApJ...899...55A

2020ApJ...899...55A - Astrophys. J., 899, 55-55 (2020/August-2)

Search for alignment of disk orientations in nearby star-forming regions: Lupus, Taurus, Upper Scorpius, ρ Ophiuchi, and Orion.

AIZAWA M., SUTO Y., OYA Y., IKEDA S. and NAKAZATO T.

Abstract (from CDS):

Spatial correlations among protoplanetary disk orientations carry unique information on physics of multiple-star formation processes. We select five nearby star-forming regions that comprise a number of protoplanetary disks with spatially resolved images with ALMA and Hubble Space Telescope, and we search for the mutual alignment of the disk axes. Specifically, we apply the Kuiper test to examine the statistical uniformity of the position angle (PA: the angle of the major axis of the projected disk ellipse measured counterclockwise from the north) distribution. The disks located in the star-forming regions, except the Lupus clouds, do not show any signature of the alignment, supporting the random orientation. Rotational axes of 16 disks with spectroscopic measurement of PA in the Lupus III cloud, a subregion of the Lupus field, however, exhibit a weak and possible departure from the random distribution at a 2σ level, and the inclination angles of the 16 disks are not uniform as well. Furthermore, the mean direction of the disk PAs in the Lupus III cloud is parallel to the direction of its filament structure and approximately perpendicular to the magnetic field direction. We also confirm the robustness of the estimated PAs in the Lupus clouds by comparing the different observations and estimators based on three different methods, including sparse modeling. The absence of the significant alignment of the disk orientation is consistent with the turbulent origin of the disk angular momentum. Further observations are required to confirm/falsify the possible disk alignment in the Lupus III cloud.

Abstract Copyright: © 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Protoplanetary disks - Astrostatistics - Interferometers - Molecular clouds

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJ/899/55): tableb1.dat tableb2.dat tableb3.dat tableb4.dat tableb5.dat>

Simbad objects: 165

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Number of rows : 165
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 Cl Melotte 20 OpC 03 26 28.1 +48 58 30           ~ 846 0
2 NAME Perseus Cloud SFR 03 35.0 +31 13           ~ 1311 0
3 Cl Melotte 22 OpC 03 46 24.2 +24 06 50           ~ 3362 0
4 V* CY Tau Or* 04 17 33.7284990744 +28 20 46.812121656 14.52 14.68 13.40 12.59   M1.5 267 0
5 V* V409 Tau Or* 04 18 10.7829040872 +25 19 57.380624580   15.00 13.34 12.88   M0e 61 0
6 V* BP Tau Or* 04 19 15.8339827632 +29 06 26.926959492   13.13 12.12 11.89   K5/7Ve 659 0
7 V* RY Tau Or* 04 21 57.4092550080 +28 26 35.555316612 10.82 10.34 9.30 9.67 8.87 K1IV/Ve 696 1
8 V* T Tau TT* 04 21 59.4319873992 +19 32 06.432393336   11.22 10.12 9.80   K0IV/Ve 1390 1
9 2MASS J04220058+2626265 * 04 22 00.5919809168 +26 26 26.611326652           ~ 1 0
10 V* FT Tau Or* 04 23 39.1888788312 +24 56 14.250818940   16.15 14.93 14.70   M2.8 138 0
11 V* IP Tau Or* 04 24 57.0824018640 +27 11 56.539953888   14.50   12.46   M0:Ve 228 0
12 V* DG Tau Or* 04 27 04.6921275888 +26 06 16.060169268 13.57 13.97 10.50 12.28   K6Ve 1014 1
13 V* GV Tau A * 04 29 23.7322948921 +24 33 00.241218221           ~ 34 0
14 V* GV Tau B * 04 29 23.7603742259 +24 32 59.248875580           ~ 31 0
15 V* DH Tau Or* 04 29 41.5525353432 +26 32 58.126559604 15.14 14.62 13.10 13.01   M1Ve 299 0
16 V* IQ Tau Or* 04 29 51.5569574040 +26 06 44.859710736 15.43   13.80 12.28 11.11 M0.5 235 0
17 V* DK Tau A * 04 30 44.2408811328 +26 01 24.734232948           K5Ve 261 0
18 V* V1213 Tau Or* 04 31 37.5055489536 +18 12 24.383952396           K7 559 0
19 V* HL Tau Or* 04 31 38.5107609312 +18 13 57.859747968   15.89 14.49 14.39   K5 1393 0
20 V* HK Tau TT* 04 31 50.5715875272 +24 24 17.775307548 16.81 16.689 15.292     M0.5 336 1
21 V* V710 Tau A TT* 04 31 57.8028713880 +18 21 34.732161936       13.87   M2/3e 168 0
22 Haro 6-13 Or* 04 32 15.4174258632 +24 28 59.577717108 19.22   17.7     M0 211 1
23 V* UZ Tau B TT* 04 32 42.8118779016 +25 52 31.198173600   14.07 12.72 13.35   M1/3Ve 149 0
24 V* UZ Tau A TT* 04 32 43.0720716552 +25 52 31.013712120       13.15   M2.0e+M3.0e 124 0
25 V* GI Tau Or* 04 33 34.0609697160 +24 21 17.068989852 14.34   13.70 12.15 11.06 K5Ve 284 1
26 V* GK Tau Or* 04 33 34.5630097872 +24 21 05.855136732 15.50   13.00 12.02 10.62 K7:Ve 303 0
27 V* DL Tau Or* 04 33 39.0767679288 +25 20 38.101382952 14.04 14.59 13.40 11.85 10.89 K7Ve 329 0
28 V* HN Tau Or* 04 33 39.3629421552 +17 51 52.289234280   14.76 13.40 13.05   K5e 253 0
29 V* DM Tau Or* 04 33 48.7336763736 +18 10 09.973460280 14.30 14.82 14.00     M2Ve 623 0
30 V* CI Tau Or* 04 33 52.0143963264 +22 50 30.094090908 14.97 15.09 13.80     K4IVe 342 1
31 V* AA Tau Or* 04 34 55.4201902392 +24 28 53.033624580 13.14 13.34 12.20 12.03   K5Ve 714 0
32 V* HO Tau Or* 04 35 20.2104968376 +22 32 14.561379276     15.20     M0.5 130 0
33 V* DN Tau Or* 04 35 27.3776226144 +24 14 58.910343720 13.56 12.88 11.50 11.79   M1:Ve 392 0
34 V* HQ Tau Or* 04 35 47.3357318616 +22 50 21.686966484 15.01 14.15 12.02 11.18   K0 108 0
35 V* HP Tau Or* 04 35 52.7819078592 +22 54 23.156947512 17.39 14.9 14.90     K2-5e 215 1
36 V* DO Tau Or* 04 38 28.5880527336 +26 10 49.467596196 12.78 13.44 12.30 13.01   M1Ve 368 1
37 EM* LkCa 15 Or* 04 39 17.7911622816 +22 21 03.390090984   13.01 12.03 11.61   K5:Ve 673 1
38 NAME Taurus Complex SFR 04 41.0 +25 52           ~ 4257 0
39 Haro 6-33 TT* 04 41 38.8257958224 +25 56 26.741499648     18.40     M0.5 121 2
40 V* GO Tau Or* 04 43 03.0761840904 +25 20 18.706850340   16.2 14.40     M2.3 194 0
41 V* DQ Tau Or* 04 46 53.0575226016 +17 00 00.136127304 14.56 13.67 12.00 13.21   M1Ve 331 0
42 V* DR Tau Or* 04 47 06.2151561264 +16 58 42.813872580 12.03 11.86 10.50 12.19   K5Ve 526 0
43 V* DS Tau Or* 04 47 48.5954691000 +29 25 11.191621512 13.11 13.16 12.30 12.37 10.80 K4Ve 253 0
44 V* UY Aur Or* 04 51 47.3890167432 +30 47 13.551561492 12.82 12.96 11.90 10.59 9.52 M0e+M2.5e 355 0
45 V* GM Aur Or* 04 55 10.9815576936 +30 21 59.373771876 14.59 13.351 12.242 11.798   K3Ve 671 0
46 HD 31648 Ae* 04 58 46.2655706952 +29 50 36.987625680 7.84 7.78 7.62 7.76 7.43 A5Vep 500 0
47 V* V836 Tau TT* 05 03 06.5988375912 +25 23 19.606639488   15.00 13.49 13.48   K7/M0Ve 232 0
48 IRAS 05022+2527 TT* 05 05 22.8194200200 +25 31 30.819373752   17.71 16.26     M4.6 62 0
49 V* RW Aur A * 05 07 49.4562212112 +30 24 04.774882068           K6 31 0
50 HD 36112 Ae* 05 30 27.5285630040 +25 19 57.076288752   8.57 8.27     A8Ve 451 0
51 NAME Orion Nebula Cluster OpC 05 35.0 -05 29           ~ 2269 0
52 M 42 HII 05 35 17 -05 23.4           ~ 4024 0
53 V* CQ Tau Ae* 05 35 58.4666264136 +24 44 54.091450572 11.290 10.780 10.000   8.33 F5IVe 302 0
54 NGC 2632 OpC 08 40 13.0 +19 37 16           ~ 1509 0
55 Sz 65 Or* 15 39 27.7716659160 -34 46 17.211087984   13.11 12.13 11.33 10.76 K7 96 0
56 2MASS J15450887-3417333 Y*O 15 45 08.8742780880 -34 17 33.454839372       18.73   M5.5 44 0
57 CD-33 10685 Or* 15 45 12.8678037432 -34 17 30.644403036 12.47 11.56 10.224 9.60 8.685 K3Ve 269 1
58 V* HW Lup Or* 15 45 17.4118414392 -34 18 28.286447220   17.41 16.25     M1 72 0
59 V* GW Lup Or* 15 46 44.7290527536 -34 30 35.677420056   13.8       M1.5e 133 0
60 V* HM Lup Or* 15 47 50.6288371920 -35 28 35.404076028   15.941 14.748 14.337   M3e 80 0
61 THA 15-5 TT* 15 47 56.9427182064 -35 14 34.796420412   14.5 16.2     K7e 83 0
62 UCAC2 23646111 * 15 53 42.1002855120 -20 49 28.339057632         13.55 M3.4V 23 0
63 V* RU Lup TT* 15 56 42.3108692112 -37 49 15.473946900 9.27 10.07 9.60     K7/M0e 454 0
64 Sz 84 TT* 15 58 02.5198436808 -37 36 02.729938536   14.3       M5.0e 70 0
65 WRAY 15-1400 TT* 15 59 16.4717314824 -41 57 10.300018176   13.5 12.0     K7IVe 92 0
66 V* RY Lup Or* 15 59 28.3864710696 -40 21 51.249496176   12.62 9.90     G8/K1IV-V 218 0
67 UCAC3 96-205752 Y*O 16 00 02.3583827328 -42 22 14.600258148   16.86 15.46 14.98 13.59 M4 45 0
68 Sz 130 TT* 16 00 31.0374709944 -41 43 36.988516560   15.82 14.71 13.56 12.46 M1.5 60 0
69 V* MY Lup TT* 16 00 44.5202267160 -41 55 30.935126748   12.64 12.17 11.06   K0 108 0
70 2MASS J16011549-4152351 Y*O 16 01 15.49224 -41 52 35.1912           ~ 34 0
71 [PBB2002] USco J160140.8-225810 ** 16 01 40.868760 -22 58 10.58520   15.67 15.30 15.37   M3e 26 0
72 [PBB2002] USco J160207.5-225746 Ro* 16 02 07.5766784976 -22 57 46.882812240           M1e 35 0
73 2MASS J16024152-2138245 Ro* 16 02 41.5203177936 -21 38 24.636813108           M4.75 23 0
74 NAME Lupus Complex SFR 16 03 -38.1           ~ 690 0
75 Sz 133 Y*O 16 03 29.3848659360 -41 40 01.765426548   17.77 16.60 15.78 15.04 K2 47 0
76 2MASS J16035767-2031055 TT* 16 03 57.6711677256 -20 31 05.604697272   13.4   11.73 10.92 K5 58 0
77 [PGZ2001] J160545.4-202308 Y*O 16 05 45.3995129856 -20 23 08.809297440           M2e 36 0
78 V* HO Lup A Y*O 16 07 00.5998021080 -39 02 19.515199452           M0 14 0
79 2MASS J16070384-3911113 Y*O 16 07 03.84336 -39 11 11.3208       18.79 16.80 M4.5 40 0
80 2MASS J16070854-3914075 LM* 16 07 08.5530917712 -39 14 07.494035352   17.85   18.67 17.86 M1.75 38 0
81 THA 15-21 TT* 16 07 10.0694468880 -39 11 03.260683896   15.28 13.70 13.70 12.49 K7-M0 70 0
82 2MASS J16072625-2432079 Y*? 16 07 26.2542206184 -24 32 07.913328360           M3.5 24 0
83 Sz 95 TT* 16 07 52.3109740056 -38 58 06.091698756   16.714 15.189 14.934 12.53 ~ 52 0
84 UCAC4 347-077201 Em* 16 07 57.9598821672 -20 40 08.702254704   15.416 14.007 14.674   ~ 24 0
85 Sz 96 TT* 16 08 12.6308620920 -39 08 33.470354256   14.80 13.43 13.69 11.84 ~ 77 0
86 2MASS J16081497-3857145 Y*O 16 08 14.9753942112 -38 57 14.409165492       18.93 17.42 4.75 41 0
87 2MASS J16081566-2222199 LM* 16 08 15.6662977704 -22 22 20.054864892           M3.25 25 0
88 V* V1279 Sco Or* 16 08 22.4935277520 -39 04 46.427612052   14.99 13.66 11.70 11.21 M0.4 115 1
89 [T64] 3 Y*O 16 08 23.2468097568 -19 30 00.977031108         11.79 K9e 52 0
90 THA 15-26 Y*O 16 08 25.7633674272 -39 06 01.247043888   16.62 15.43 14.97 13.12 M5 65 0
91 THA 15-29 Y*O 16 08 30.2687378568 -39 06 11.176056000   14.8 11.14 15.18 13.15 M4 63 0
92 IRAS 16051-3820 Y*O 16 08 30.6994064064 -38 28 26.846324004   11.89 11.15 10.67   K2 67 0
93 V* V856 Sco Ae* 16 08 34.2870044544 -39 06 18.325711332 7.66 7.41 7.05 6.92   A7IIIne_sh 385 0
94 NAME Sz 108B Y*O 16 08 42.8838783888 -39 06 14.692839804       17.71 14.39 M5 36 0
95 2MASS J16085373-3914367 Y*O 16 08 53.7357629040 -39 14 36.799256184       21.73 18.76 M5.5 36 0
96 THA 15-33 TT* 16 08 54.6849382512 -39 37 43.145069664   15.34 13.98 13.29   M1IVe 90 0
97 [PGZ2001] J160900.7-190852 TT* 16 09 00.7592409720 -19 08 52.680361920           M1.0V 66 0
98 2MASS J16090141-3925119 Y*O 16 09 01.4148377304 -39 25 11.923332420   16.92 15.31 15.04 13.48 M4 49 0
99 THA 15-35 Or* 16 09 01.8486544824 -39 05 12.414717240   15.33 14.12 14.35 12.54 M5.5 101 0
100 2MASS J16092697-3836269 Y*O 16 09 26.9795990952 -38 36 26.933727420   17.55   16.31 14.74 M4.5 30 0
101 [MJS2008] 94 Y*O 16 09 34.18 -39 15 12.7           ~ 13 0
102 Lupus 3 SFR 16 09.6 -39 03           ~ 318 0
103 2MASS J16093928-3904316 Y*O 16 09 39.290 -39 04 31.69           ~ 11 0
104 Sz 118 Y*O 16 09 48.6562295568 -39 11 16.847425032   18.32 16.90 16.61 15.00 K6 63 0
105 SONYC Lup3-29 Y*O 16 10 01.3326378528 -39 06 44.815987296   18.38 17.42 17.90 15.27 M7.5 27 0
106 2MASS J16101984-3836065 Y*O 16 10 19.8333629688 -38 36 06.586243272   17.39   16.76 15.57 M6.5 34 0
107 2MASS J16102955-3922144 Y*O 16 10 29.5517478000 -39 22 14.451017844   17.51 16.31 15.79 13.90 M4.5 50 0
108 THA 15-42 Y*O 16 10 51.5849835192 -38 53 13.767885384   15.89 14.48 14.44 12.95 M1e 72 0
109 NAME Upper Sco Association As* 16 12 -23.4           ~ 1318 1
110 [T64] 6 Em* 16 12 39.1668122808 -18 59 28.459379616   15.5   13.99 11.84 K2.5IV 37 1
111 [T64] 7 Y*O 16 14 20.2879618512 -19 06 48.064403304           K5e 63 0
112 V* VV Sco Or* 16 15 34.56528 -22 42 42.1092     12.684   10.660 K5Ve+M0Ve 55 0
113 UCAC4 324-083149 Ro* 16 16 33.4467816624 -25 21 50.657231124       14.886   M0.5 23 0
114 2MASS J16213192-2301403 Y*O 16 21 31.9337933160 -23 01 40.339321176           K7-M1 14 0
115 2MASS J16214513-2342316 Y*O 16 21 45.13656 -23 42 31.6152           ~ 16 0
116 V* V935 Sco Or* 16 22 18.5331624192 -23 21 48.146194512   13.6 12.67     K4 41 0
117 2MASS J16230923-2417047 Y*O 16 23 09.2283172152 -24 17 05.013918240   14.3 12.75     M 38 0
118 2MASS J16233609-2402209 Y*? 16 23 36.1201719072 -24 02 20.800406508       17.4 14.68 M5 23 0
119 ATO J246.2787-23.8474 Y*O 16 25 06.9166702512 -23 50 50.347017132           M3 19 0
120 YLW 19 Y*O 16 25 36.7381317840 -24 15 42.526380780   17.8 16.4 14.94 13.36 K3-K5 46 0
121 BKLT J162538-242238 Y*O 16 25 38.1274773528 -24 22 36.185318004           M0 32 0
122 BKLT J162546-242337 BD? 16 25 46.62912 -24 23 36.1104           ~ 10 0
123 CRBR 2315.8-1700 Y*O 16 26 17.22936 -24 23 45.3660           ~ 43 0
124 [AMD2002] J162623-242101 Y*O 16 26 23.36 -24 20 59.9           ~ 5 0
125 [AMD2002] J162623-242103 Y*O 16 26 23.42 -24 21 02.0           ~ 5 0
126 [GY92] 21 Y*O 16 26 23.57976 -24 24 39.4956           K7 69 2
127 DoAr 25 TT* 16 26 23.6911292736 -24 43 13.888543800       12.65   K5 161 0
128 [GY92] 30 Y*O 16 26 25.48920 -24 23 01.5576           ~ 45 0
129 [GY92] 33 Y*O 16 26 27.5391054120 -24 41 53.887865712           ~ 27 0
130 VSSG 4 Y*O 16 26 37.78680 -24 23 00.7476           ~ 32 0
131 [GY92] 91 Y*O 16 26 40.46952 -24 27 14.4720           ~ 76 1
132 GSS 37 TT* 16 26 42.85416 -24 20 29.8608       16.29 14.08 K7-M2 82 1
133 GSS 39 Y*O 16 26 45.0318401664 -24 23 07.793180124           M0 193 1
134 YLW 37 TT* 16 26 46.4288834880 -24 12 00.078675192   17.15   13.90 12.37 G3.5 60 0
135 BBRCG 13 Y*O 16 26 51.97104 -24 30 39.4956           M4-M6 30 1
136 BKLT J162656-241353 TT* 16 26 56.7836190744 -24 13 51.537326592       18.46 16.29 K7 31 0
137 EM* SR 24B TT* 16 26 58.4361499704 -24 45 32.224542876           M0.5e 87 0
138 [GY92] 197 Y*O 16 27 05.24616 -24 36 29.7936           ~ 67 1
139 WL 17 Y*O 16 27 06.77616 -24 38 14.9964           ~ 99 0
140 WL 10 Or* 16 27 09.1062090672 -24 34 08.278196304           K9 70 0
141 2MASS J16270942-2148457 Y*O 16 27 09.4177667424 -21 48 45.686031120           M4.5 25 0
142 WLY 1-43 Y*O 16 27 11.17992 -24 40 46.6680           ~ 60 0
143 [GY92] 235 Y*O 16 27 13.8206486496 -24 43 31.647995436           M3.5 42 0
144 BBRCG 39 Y*O 16 27 18.38040 -24 39 14.6844           ~ 41 0
145 WL 6 Y*O 16 27 21.80448 -24 29 53.3616           ~ 115 0
146 DoAr 33 TT* 16 27 39.0123517344 -23 58 18.709495500   15.7   13.24 12.02 K4 63 0
147 ROX 27 TT* 16 27 39.4295731464 -24 39 15.527230272       15.76 14.03 M0+M4 107 0
148 YLW 45 Y*O 16 27 39.82824 -24 43 15.0672           ~ 115 0
149 YLW 52 Y*O 16 27 51.80472 -24 31 45.5304           ~ 70 0
150 NAME Ophiuchus Molecular Cloud SFR 16 28 06 -24 32.5           ~ 3536 1
151 YLW 58 TT* 16 28 16.5129208176 -24 36 58.054939128   18.5   16.55 14.46 M4 97 0
152 NAME EM* SR 20W TT* 16 28 23.3448796920 -24 22 40.668069288     15.79 16.29 14.60 K5 34 0
153 EM* SR 13 Or* 16 28 45.2768168328 -24 28 18.905579112     13.60 12.40 10.9 M2e 132 0
154 BKLT J162854-244743 TT* 16 28 54.0781293792 -24 47 44.285434800   17.3   15.24 13.54 M2 42 0
155 [HL2013] 247.59746-24.90448 Em* 16 30 23.4030248496 -24 54 16.122323448   18.5       ~ 25 0
156 DoAr 43 Em* 16 31 30.8820829680 -24 24 39.887863092   16.98 15.23 15.20   K2Ve 57 0
157 2MASS J16313124-2426281 Y*O 16 31 31.2518884392 -24 26 28.471013052           ~ 27 0
158 IRAS 16285-2355 Y*O 16 31 35.65752 -24 01 29.4708           ~ 126 0
159 2MASS J16314457-2402129 Y*? 16 31 44.5874972616 -24 02 13.089750612           ~ 12 0
160 PSO J247.9663-24.9381 * 16 31 51.9270154872 -24 56 17.542583196           ~ 1 0
161 2MASS J16322081-2430290 Y*O 16 32 20.8149109500 -24 30 29.484048608           ~ 5 0
162 Haro 1-17 Y*O 16 32 21.9310906392 -24 42 14.841998352   16.76 15.61     M2.5e 41 0
163 2MASS J16335560-2442049 Y*O 16 33 55.6148566800 -24 42 05.002391016           K7 49 0
164 2MASS J16394544-2402039 TT* 16 39 45.4432704120 -24 02 03.885092160   16.0 12.7     K 32 0
165 Kepler-56 RG* 19 35 02.0011980936 +41 52 18.692360400   13.954 12.756 12.379   ~ 168 1

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2023.09.30-01:00:42

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