Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 644A, 91-91 (2020/12-1)
Abundance of dwarf galaxies around low-mass spiral galaxies in the Local Volume.
MULLER O. and JERJEN H.
Abstract (from CDS):
The abundance of satellite dwarf galaxies has long been considered a crucial test for the current model of cosmology leading to the well-known missing satellite problem. Recent advances in simulations and observations have allowed the study of dwarf galaxies around host galaxies in more detail. Using the Dark Energy Camera we surveyed a 72deg2 area of the nearby Sculptor group, also encompassing the two low-mass Local Volume galaxies NGC 24 and NGC 45 residing behind the group, to search for as yet undetected dwarf galaxies. Apart from the previously known dwarf galaxies we found only two new candidates down to a 3σ surface brightness detection limit of 27.4rmag/arcsec2. Both systems are in projection close to NGC 24. However, one of these candidates could be an ultra-diffuse galaxy associated with a background galaxy. We compared the number of known dwarf galaxy candidates around NGC 24, NGC 45, and five other well-studied low-mass spiral galaxies (NGC 1156, NGC 2403, NGC 5023, M 33, and the LMC) with predictions from cosmological simulations, and found that for the stellar-to-halo mass models considered, the observed satellite numbers tend to be on the lower end of the expected range. This could mean either that there is an overprediction of luminous subhalos in ΛCDM or that we are missing some of the satellite members due to observational biases.
© O. Müller and H. Jerjen 2020
galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: abundances - galaxies: groups: individual: Sculptor group - galaxies: groups: general
Figs 1-2, Table 1: [MJ2020] dwHHMM+DD (Nos dw0009-25, dw0010-25).
Fig.1 Sc 22 not identified.
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