2020A&A...642L...2N


Query : 2020A&A...642L...2N

2020A&A...642L...2N - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 642, L2-2 (2020/10-1)

Direct confirmation of the radial-velocity planet β Pictoris c.

NOWAK M., LACOUR S., LAGRANGE A.-M., RUBINI P., WANG J., STOLKER T., ABUTER R., AMORIM A., ASENSIO-TORRES R., BAUBOCK M., BENISTY M., BERGER J.P., BEUST H., BLUNT S., BOCCALETTI A., BONNEFOY M., BONNET H., BRANDNER W., CANTALLOUBE F., CHARNAY B., CHOQUET E., CHRISTIAENS V., CLENET Y., COUDE DU FORESTO V., CRIDLAND A., DE ZEEUW P.T., DEMBET R., DEXTER J., DRESCHER A., DUVERT G., ECKART A., EISENHAUER F., GAO F., GARCIA P., GARCIA LOPEZ R., GARDNER T., GENDRON E., GENZEL R., GILLESSEN S., GIRARD J., GRANDJEAN A., HAUBOIS X., HEISSEL G., HENNING T., HINKLEY S., HIPPLER S., HORROBIN M., HOULLE M., HUBERT Z., JIMENEZ-ROSALES A., JOCOU L., KAMMERER J., KERVELLA P., KEPPLER M., KREIDBERG L., KULIKAUSKAS M., LAPEYRERE V., LE BOUQUIN J.-B., LENA P., MERAND A., MAIRE A.-L., MOLLIERE P., MONNIER J.D., MOUILLET D., MULLER A., NASEDKIN E., OTT T., OTTEN G., PAUMARD T., PALADINI C., PERRAUT K., PERRIN G., PUEYO L., PFUHL O., RAMEAU J., RODET L., RODRIGUEZ-COIRA G., ROUSSET G., SCHEITHAUER S., SHANGGUAN J., STADLER J., STRAUB O., STRAUBMEIER C., STURM E., TACCONI L.J., VAN DISHOECK E.F., VIGAN A., VINCENT F., VON FELLENBERG S.D., WARD-DUONG K., WIDMANN F., WIEPRECHT E., WIEZORREK E., WOILLEZ J. (The GRAVITY Collaboration)

Abstract (from CDS):


Context. Methods used to detect giant exoplanets can be broadly divided into two categories: indirect and direct. Indirect methods are more sensitive to planets with a small orbital period, whereas direct detection is more sensitive to planets orbiting at a large distance from their host star. This dichotomy makes it difficult to combine the two techniques on a single target at once.
Aims. Simultaneous measurements made by direct and indirect techniques offer the possibility of determining the mass and luminosity of planets and a method of testing formation models. Here, we aim to show how long-baseline interferometric observations guided by radial-velocity can be used in such a way.
Methods. We observed the recently-discovered giant planet β Pictoris c with GRAVITY, mounted on the Very Large Telescope Interferometer.
Results. This study constitutes the first direct confirmation of a planet discovered through radial velocity. We find that the planet has a temperature of T=1250±50K and a dynamical mass of M=8.2±0.8MJup. At 18.5±2.5Myr, this puts β Pic c close to a 'hot start' track, which is usually associated with formation via disk instability. Conversely, the planet orbits at a distance of 2.7au, which is too close for disk instability to occur. The low apparent magnitude (MK=14.3±0.1) favours a core accretion scenario.
Conclusions. We suggest that this apparent contradiction is a sign of hot core accretion, for example, due to the mass of the planetary core or the existence of a high-temperature accretion shock during formation.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2020

Journal keyword(s): planets and satellites: detection - planets and satellites: formation - techniques: interferometric

Simbad objects: 4

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Number of rows : 4
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 * bet Pic PM* 05 47 17.0876901 -51 03 59.441135 4.13 4.03 3.86 3.74 3.58 A6V 1786 1
2 * bet Pic b Pl 05 47 17.0876901 -51 03 59.441135           ~ 430 1
3 * bet Pic c Pl 05 47 17.0876901 -51 03 59.441135           ~ 34 0
4 HD 218396 El* 23 07 28.7157209544 +21 08 03.310767492   6.21 5.953     F0+VkA5mA5 1025 0

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2022.07.04-23:32:08

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