Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 641A, 17-17 (2020/9-1)
Dense gas formation in the Musca filament due to the dissipation of a supersonic converging flow.
BONNE L., SCHNEIDER N., BONTEMPS S., CLARKE S.D., GUSDORF A., LEHMANN A., STEINKE M., CSENGERI T., KABANOVIC S., SIMON R., BUCHBENDER C. and GUSTEN R.
Abstract (from CDS):
Observations with the Herschel Space Telescope have established that most star forming gas is organised in filaments, a finding that is supported by numerical simulations of the supersonic interstellar medium (ISM) where dense filamentary structures are ubiquitous. We aim to understand the formation of these dense structures by performing observations covering the 12CO(4-3), 12CO(3-2), and various CO(2-1) isotopologue lines of the Musca filament, using the APEX telescope. The observed CO intensities and line ratios cannot be explained by PDR (photodissociation region) emission because of the low ambient far-UV field that is strongly constrained by the non-detections of the [CII] line at 158µm and the [OI] line at 63µm, observed with the upGREAT receiver on SOFIA, as well as a weak [CI] 609µm line detected with APEX. We propose that the observations are consistent with a scenario in which shock excitation gives rise to warm and dense gas close to the highest column density regions in the Musca filament. Using shock models, we find that the CO observations can be consistent with excitation by J-type low-velocity shocks. A qualitative comparison of the observed CO spectra with synthetic observations of dynamic filament formation simulations shows a good agreement with the signature of a filament accretion shock that forms a cold and dense filament from a converging flow. The Musca filament is thus found to be dense molecular post-shock gas. Filament accretion shocks that dissipate the supersonic kinetic energy of converging flows in theISM may thus play a prominent role in the evolution of cold and dense filamentary structures.
© L. Bonne et al. 2020
ISM: individual objects: Musca - evolution - ISM: kinematics and dynamics - shock waves - turbulence - stars: formation
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<Available at CDS (J/A+A/641/A17): list.dat fits/*>
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