2020A&A...640A..14K


Query : 2020A&A...640A..14K

2020A&A...640A..14K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 640A, 14-14 (2020/8-1)

Testing a theoretical prediction for bar formation in galaxies with bulges.

KATARIA S.K., DAS M. and BARWAY S.

Abstract (from CDS):

Earlier studies have shown that massive bulges impede bar formation in disk galaxies. Recent N-body simulations have derived a bar formation criterion that depends on the radial bulge force in a galaxy disk. We use those simulations to show that bars can form only when the force constant FB<0.13, where FB depends on the ratio of the bulge force to the total force of the galaxy at twice the disk scale length 2Rd. In this article, we test this theoretical prediction using observational data obtained from the literature. Our sample consists of 63 barred galaxies with a wide range of Hubble classes taken from the S4G catalog; for the galaxies that we include, bulge, disk, and bar decomposition has been carried out. We find that 92% of our sample galaxies satisfy the condition FB<0.13 for bar formation in galaxies and hence agree with the bar formation criterion given by the simulations.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2020

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: bulges - galaxies: spiral - galaxies: statistics

Simbad objects: 66

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Number of rows : 66
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 NGC 210 GiP 00 40 34.9927609368 -13 52 21.999585108   11.8   11.00 11.4 ~ 168 0
2 NGC 254 GiP 00 47 27.6403595256 -31 25 18.598093788   12.62 11.82 11.29   ~ 81 0
3 NGC 615 GiG 01 35 05.6880367176 -07 20 24.841575348   12.8   11.43 12.2 ~ 134 0
4 NGC 936 GiP 02 27 37.462 -01 09 22.61   11.1   9.98 10.7 ~ 346 0
5 NGC 1015 G 02 38 11.5517163624 -01 19 07.598590248   12.8   12.4 12.5 ~ 107 0
6 NGC 1022 GiG 02 38 32.703 -06 40 38.60 12.33 12.09 11.34     ~ 198 1
7 NGC 1232 EmG 03 09 45.514 -20 34 45.48   10.67 9.87 9.53 10.2 ~ 279 0
8 NGC 1326 GiG 03 23 56.3657298384 -36 27 52.322333040 11.69 11.43 10.54 10.02 10.9 ~ 254 1
9 NGC 1367 GiG 03 35 01.3451198496 -24 55 59.504904516   11.48   9.98 11.1 ~ 185 0
10 NGC 1415 EmG 03 40 56.8533432024 -22 33 52.235588808   12.47   11.08   ~ 113 0
11 NGC 1533 GiG 04 09 51.8356041744 -56 07 06.410207352   11.77 10.92 10.27 11.0 ~ 188 0
12 NGC 2633 GiP 08 48 04.6279110889 +74 05 55.032130996   12.4       ~ 163 1
13 NGC 2750 GiP 09 05 47.893 +25 26 14.51   12.7       ~ 103 0
14 NGC 2893 G 09 30 16.9542533472 +29 32 23.895492828   13.6 13.11     ~ 118 1
15 NGC 2962 GiP 09 40 53.9321546928 +05 09 57.032828496   13.1       ~ 193 0
16 NGC 2968 GiP 09 43 12.0262452312 +31 55 43.348902492 16.85 15.72 14.25 13.43 12.50 ~ 118 0
17 NGC 3061 G 09 56 11.9755289232 +75 51 59.063857380   13.90       ~ 64 0
18 NGC 3166 GiP 10 13 45.7270131936 +03 25 29.310401424   11.2       ~ 226 0
19 NGC 3254 Sy2 10 29 19.922 +29 29 29.18   12.29 11.60     ~ 168 0
20 NGC 3266 GiG 10 33 17.6098160184 +64 44 57.720597360   13.5       ~ 61 0
21 NAME M96 Group GrG 10 48 +13.3           ~ 301 0
22 NGC 3424 GiP 10 51 46.322 +32 54 02.44   13.2       ~ 143 1
23 NGC 3489 GiG 11 00 18.5483994744 +13 54 04.206202668 11.46 11.12 10.29     ~ 385 1
24 NGC 3507 GiP 11 03 25.3619733360 +18 08 07.607343732   11.4       ~ 172 0
25 NGC 3626 GiG 11 20 03.8069651160 +18 21 24.543304164   11.2       ~ 246 0
26 M 66 GiP 11 20 15.026 +12 59 28.64 9.85 9.65 8.92     ~ 1283 4
27 NGC 3684 GiP 11 27 11.2076836512 +17 01 48.596515284   12.1       ~ 166 0
28 NGC 3686 GiP 11 27 43.9717389912 +17 13 27.014601036   11.6       ~ 188 0
29 NGC 3705 GiG 11 30 07.456 +09 16 35.87 12.00 11.86 11.07     ~ 167 1
30 NGC 3930 GiG 11 51 46.025 +38 00 54.48   13.5       ~ 79 0
31 NGC 3953 GiG 11 53 49.0086582552 +52 19 36.475395312   11.08   9.71   ~ 338 0
32 NGC 4045 AGN 12 02 42.2505701136 +01 58 36.362990064   13.144   16.938 12.1 ~ 183 0
33 NGC 4102 LIN 12 06 23.115 +52 42 39.42   11.8       ~ 400 1
34 NGC 4133 GiG 12 08 49.9408068216 +74 54 15.235574796   13.1       ~ 48 0
35 NGC 4267 GiG 12 19 45.2735790120 +12 47 53.704780368   12.4       ~ 237 0
36 NGC 4319 GiP 12 21 43.8928660008 +75 19 21.030501144   13.0       ~ 148 0
37 NGC 4355 Sy2 12 26 54.6206739120 -00 52 39.421212996   14.21 13.37     ~ 458 2
38 MCG+00-32-013 GiP 12 27 04.526 -00 54 21.14   15.0   14.401   ~ 36 0
39 M 90 Sy2 12 36 49.8009839880 +13 09 46.523813040 10.56 10.26 9.54     ~ 852 1
40 NGC 4606 GiP 12 40 57.557 +11 54 43.87   12.7       ~ 149 0
41 NGC 4795 GiP 12 55 02.8560769560 +08 03 55.922264208   13.5       ~ 95 0
42 NGC 4897 Sy2 13 00 52.9478215680 -13 26 59.393021676   12.8   13.0 12.5 ~ 72 0
43 NGC 4984 GiG 13 08 57.2555329728 -15 30 58.743722520   12   10.92   ~ 127 0
44 NGC 5005 GiP 13 10 56.312 +37 03 32.19   14.67 13.67     ~ 522 2
45 IC 4214 G 13 17 42.6918273984 -32 06 06.103910340   12.15 11.65 10.72   ~ 111 0
46 IC 4249 EmG 13 27 06.5667095424 -27 57 23.385136788   14.48 14.57 13.52   ~ 81 0
47 ESO 509-26 GiC 13 28 24.5 -27 34 10   15.22   14.56   ~ 30 0
48 NGC 5195 GiP 13 29 59.590 +47 15 58.06 10.76 10.45 9.55 9.31   ~ 743 3
49 NGC 5205 LIN 13 30 03.5953653072 +62 30 41.584939200   13.5       ~ 111 0
50 NGC 5377 AGN 13 56 16.6722507720 +47 14 08.568249072   12.39 11.46 10.87 10.25 ~ 219 1
51 NGC 5443 Sy2 14 02 11.7987915648 +55 48 50.358916044   13.2       ~ 90 0
52 NGC 5448 LIN 14 02 50.072 +49 10 21.53   12.7       ~ 154 0
53 NGC 5473 GiG 14 04 43.2276404712 +54 53 33.499699368   12.5       ~ 137 0
54 NGC 5566 G 14 20 19.948 +03 56 00.92 11.91 11.46 10.55     ~ 180 2
55 NGC 5713 GiP 14 40 11.528 -00 17 21.16 11.88 11.84 11.20     ~ 376 2
56 NGC 5728 Sy2 14 42 23.8918506576 -17 15 11.240783784   14.34 13.40     ~ 555 0
57 NGC 5878 GiG 15 13 45.7287265656 -14 16 11.524994832   12.1   11.26 11.7 ~ 84 0
58 NGC 6278 GiP 17 00 50.3235598776 +23 00 39.735179064   13.8       ~ 150 0
59 NGC 6923 GiP 20 31 39.0580970808 -30 49 54.787179180   12.80 12.09 11.48 12.1 ~ 85 0
60 NGC 7095 GiP 21 52 26.5174422024 -81 31 51.109094280   12.22   11.08 12.4 ~ 62 1
61 NGC 7280 GiP 22 26 27.5758899936 +16 08 53.421593496   13.6       ~ 154 0
62 NGC 7465 GiP 23 02 00.9603717552 +15 57 53.236032120   13.3       ~ 288 0
63 NGC 7479 Sy2 23 04 56.6432243448 +12 19 22.357387020 11.74 11.60 10.85 10.47 9.66 ~ 713 2
64 NGC 7531 GiG 23 14 48.4576363992 -43 35 59.465701536   11.99 11.26 12.1 11.7 ~ 142 0
65 NGC 7582 GiP 23 18 23.621 -42 22 14.06 11.62 10.92 10.62     ~ 865 2
66 NGC 7731 GiP 23 41 29.0818350168 +03 44 24.025713540   14.3       ~ 77 0

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2022.09.28-02:04:54

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