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2020A&A...634A..72S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 634A, 72-72 (2020/2-1)

An empirical metallicity tracer in CEMP and C-normal stars.


Abstract (from CDS):

Context. Deriving the metallicity, [Fe/H], in low-resolution spectra of carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars is a tedious task that, owing to the large number of line blends, often leads to uncertainties on [Fe/H] exceeding 0.25 dex. The CEMP stars increase in number with decreasing [Fe/H] and some of these are known to be bona fide second generation halo stars. Hence, knowing their [Fe/H] is important for tracing the formation and chemical evolution of the Galaxy. Aims. Here, we aim to improve the [Fe/H] measurements in low-resolution spectra by avoiding issues related to blends. In turn, we improve our chemical tagging in such spectra at low metallicities. Methods. We developed an empirical way of deriving [Fe/H] in CEMP (and C-normal) stars that relates the equivalent width (EW) of strong lines, which remain detectable in lower resolution, metal-poor spectra, such as X-shooter spectra to [Fe/H]. Results. The best [Fe/H] tracers are found to be Cr I and Ni I, which both show strong transitions in spectral regions that are free of molecular bands (between ∼5200-6800Å, a region accessible to most surveys). We derive different relations for dwarfs and giants. The relations are valid in the ranges ~-3<[Fe/H]< -0.5 and 10<EW<800mÅ (Cr) or [Fe/H]>-3.2 and EW>5mÅ (Ni), depending on the trace element and line as well as the stellar evolutionary stage. Conclusions. The empirical relations are valid for both CEMP and C-normal stars and have been proven to be accurate tracers in a sample of ∼400 stars (mainly giants). The metallicities are accurate to within ±∼0.2dex depending on the sample and resolution, and the empirical relations are robust to within 0.05-0.1dex. Our relations will improve the metallicity determination in future surveys, which will encounter a large number of CEMP stars, and will greatly speed up the process of determining [Fe/H] as the EWs only need to be measured in two or three lines in relatively clean regions compared to dealing with numerous blended Fe lines.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2020

Journal keyword(s): stars: abundances - stars: carbon - stars: Population II - techniques: spectroscopic

Simbad objects: 83

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