Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 240, 26-26 (2019/February-0)
Identifying young stellar objects in the outer Galaxy: l = 224° region in Canis Major.
SEWILO M., WHITNEY B.A., YUNG B.H.K., ROBITAILLE T.P., ELIA D., INDEBETOUW R., SCHISANO E., SZCZERBA R., KARSKA A., WISEMAN J., BABLER B., BOYER M.L., FISCHER W.J., MEADE M., OLMI L., PADGETT D. and SIODMIAK N.
Abstract (from CDS):
We study a very young star-forming region in the outer Galaxy that is the most concentrated source of outflows in the Spitzer Space Telescope GLIMPSE360 survey. This region, dubbed CMa-l224, is located in the Canis Major OB1 association. CMa-l224 is relatively faint in the mid-infrared, but it shines brightly at the far-infrared wavelengths as revealed by the Herschel Space Observatory data from the Hi-GAL survey. Using the 3.6 and 4.5 µm data from the Spitzer/GLIMPSE360 survey, combined with the JHKs Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) and the 70-500 µm Herschel/Hi-GAL data, we develop young stellar object (YSO) selection criteria based on color-color cuts and fitting of the YSO candidates' spectral energy distributions with YSO 2D radiative transfer models. We identify 293 YSO candidates and estimate physical parameters for 210 sources well fit with YSO models. We select an additional 47 sources with GLIMPSE360-only photometry as "possible YSO candidates." The vast majority of these sources are associated with high H2 column density regions and are good targets for follow-up studies. The distribution of YSO candidates at different evolutionary stages with respect to Herschel filaments supports the idea that stars are formed in the filaments and become more dispersed with time. Both the supernova-induced and spontaneous star formation scenarios are plausible in the environmental context of CMa-l224. However, our results indicate that a spontaneous gravitational collapse of filaments is a more likely scenario. The methods developed for CMa-l224 can be used for larger regions in the Galactic plane where the same set of photometry is available.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
infrared: stars - ISM: jets and outflows - stars: formation - stars: pre-main sequence
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJS/240/26): table4.dat table5.dat table6.dat>
Region CMa-l224 is not in SIMBAD.
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