Astrophys. J., 886, 102-102 (2019/December-1)
The ALMA Survey of 70 µm dark High-mass clumps in Early Stages (ASHES). I. Pilot survey: clump fragmentation.
SANHUEZA P., CONTRERAS Y., WU B., JACKSON J.M., GUZMAN A.E., ZHANG Q., LI S., LU X., SILVA A., IZUMI N., LIU T., MIURA R.E., TATEMATSU K., SAKAI T., BEUTHER H., GARAY G., OHASHI S., SAITO M., NAKAMURA F., SAIGO K., VEENA V.S., NGUYEN-LUONG Q. and TAFOYA D.
Abstract (from CDS):
The ALMA Survey of 70 µm dark High-mass clumps in Early Stages (ASHES) is designed to systematically characterize the earliest stages and constrain theories of high-mass star formation. Twelve massive (>500 M☉), cold (<=15 K), 3.6-70 µm dark prestellar clump candidates, embedded in infrared dark clouds, were carefully selected in the pilot survey to be observed with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). We have mosaicked each clump (∼1 arcmin2) in continuum and line emission with the 12 m, 7 m, and Total Power (TP) arrays at 224 GHz (1.34 mm), resulting in ∼1.''2 resolution (∼4800 au, at the average source distance). As the first paper in the series, we concentrate on the continuum emission to reveal clump fragmentation. We detect 294 cores, from which 84 (29%) are categorized as protostellar based on outflow activity or "warm core" line emission. The remaining 210 (71%) are considered prestellar core candidates. The number of detected cores is independent of the mass sensitivity range of the observations and, on average, more massive clumps tend to form more cores. We find a large population of low-mass (<1 M☉) cores and no high-mass (>30 M☉) prestellar cores (maximum mass 11 M☉). From the prestellar core mass function, we derive a power-law index of 1.17 ± 0.10, which is slightly shallower than Salpeter. We used the minimum spanning tree (MST) technique to characterize the separation between cores and their spatial distribution, and to derive mass segregation ratios. While there is a range of core masses and separations detected in the sample, the mean separation and mass per clump are well explained by thermal Jeans fragmentation and are inconsistent with turbulent Jeans fragmentation. Core spatial distribution is well described by hierarchical subclustering rather than centrally peaked clustering. There is no conclusive evidence of mass segregation. We test several theoretical conditions and conclude that overall, competitive accretion and global hierarchical collapse scenarios are favored over the turbulent core accretion scenario.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Infrared dark clouds - Dust continuum emission - Star-forming regions - Massive stars - Star formation
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/886/102): table1.dat table3.dat table4.dat table5.dat>
Figs 5-10, Tables 3-4: [SCW2019] GLLL.lll+BB.bbb ALMANN N=294, [SCW2019] GLLL.lll+BB.bbb EdgeN N=7.
View the references in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2019ApJ...886..102S and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu