2019ApJ...886...40J


Query : 2019ApJ...886...40J

2019ApJ...886...40J - Astrophys. J., 886, 40-40 (2019/November-3)

The SPIRITS sample of luminous infrared transients: uncovering hidden supernovae and dusty stellar outbursts in nearby galaxies.

JENCSON J.E., KASLIWAL M.M., ADAMS S.M., BOND H.E., DE K., JOHANSSON J., KARAMBELKAR V., LAU R.M., TINYANONT S., RYDER S.D., CODY A.M., MASCI F.J., BALLY J., BLAGORODNOVA N., CASTELLON S., FREMLING C., GEHRZ R.D., HELOU G., KILPATRICK C.D., MILNE P.A., MORRELL N., PERLEY D.A., PHILLIPS M.M., SMITH N., VAN DYK S.D. and WILLIAMS R.E.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present a systematic study of the most luminous (MIR [Vega magnitudes] brighter than -14) infrared (IR) transients discovered by the SPitzer InfraRed Intensive Transients Survey (SPIRITS) between 2014 and 2018 in nearby galaxies (D < 35 Mpc). The sample consists of nine events that span peak IR luminosities of M[4.5],peak between -14 and -18.2, show IR colors between 0.2 < ([3.6]-[4.5]) < 3.0, and fade on timescales between 55 days < tfade < 480 days. The two reddest events (AV > 12) show multiple, luminous IR outbursts over several years and have directly detected, massive progenitors in archival imaging. With analyses of extensive, multiwavelength follow-up, we suggest the following possible classifications: five obscured core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe), two erupting massive stars, one luminous red nova, and one intermediate-luminosity red transient. We define a control sample of all optically discovered transients recovered in SPIRITS galaxies and satisfying the same selection criteria. The control sample consists of eight CCSNe and one Type Iax SN. We find that 7 of the 13 CCSNe in the SPIRITS sample have lower bounds on their extinction of 2 < AV < 8. We estimate a nominal fraction of CCSNe in nearby galaxies that are missed by optical surveys as high as 38.5–21.9+26.0 % (90% confidence). This study suggests that a significant fraction of CCSNe may be heavily obscured by dust and therefore undercounted in the census of nearby CCSNe from optical searches.

Abstract Copyright: © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): dust, extinction - infrared: general - stars: massive - supernovae: general - supernovae: individual: (SPIRITS 14buu, SPIRITS 15c, SPIRITS 15ud, SPIRITS 16ix, SPIRITS 16tn, SPIRITS 17lb)

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJ/886/40): table[1-5].dat fig3.dat fig4.dat>

Status at CDS : Associated data (images, light curves, etc...) being ingested in VizieR.

Simbad objects: 82

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Number of rows : 82
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 NAME NGC 300 OT2008-1 ev 00 54 34.16 -37 38 28.6           ~ 118 1
2 NGC 300 GiG 00 54 53.4465638304 -37 41 03.168402396 8.83 8.69 8.13 7.46   ~ 1424 2
3 NAME UGC 2773 OT2009-1 SN? 03 32 07.24 +47 47 39.6           ~ 50 1
4 NGC 1365 Sy1 03 33 36.458 -36 08 26.37 10.48 10.08 9.63 8.79 9.7 ~ 1672 2
5 SPIRITS17qm ev 03 33 38.85 -36 08 09.4           ~ 4 0
6 SN 2014df SN* 03 44 23.99 -44 40 08.1           SNIb 9 1
7 NGC 1448 GiG 03 44 31.915 -44 38 41.38   11.46   10.24 10.9 ~ 246 0
8 NGC 1532 GiP 04 12 04.3612491792 -32 52 26.960041056   10.65   9.34 10.4 ~ 143 0
9 SN 2016ija SN* 04 12 07.640 -32 51 10.57           SNII 15 0
10 NGC 1566 Sy1 04 20 00.3968473248 -54 56 16.624708764 10.29 10.19 9.73 9.21 10.1 ~ 825 2
11 ASASSN -14ha SN* 04 20 01.41 -54 56 17.0           SNII 19 0
12 BD+52 913 WD* 05 05 30.6180977592 +52 49 51.919301604 10.25 11.44 11.69 11.93 12.108 DA.8 1052 0
13 ICRF J052109.8+163822 Sy1 05 21 09.88596258 +16 38 22.0515459   19.37 18.84 18.480   ~ 816 1
14 QSO B0606-223 QSO 06 08 59.68684160 -22 20 20.9567640   21.14 20.0 20.5   ~ 65 1
15 IC 2162 HII 06 13 04.1 +17 58 44           ~ 351 2
16 NGC 2207 IG 06 16 22.0336889136 -21 22 21.759218400   11.48 10.65 10.21 11.9 ~ 277 3
17 SPIRITS14buu ev 06 16 27.20 -21 22 29.2           ~ 6 0
18 SPIRITS17lb SN? 06 16 27.78 -21 22 51.7           ~ 4 0
19 IC 2163 IG 06 16 27.9671433048 -21 22 33.133211832   12.55   11.28   ~ 156 2
20 SPIRITS15c ev 06 16 28.49 -21 22 42.2           ~ 6 0
21 SN 2010jp SN* 06 16 30.63 -21 24 36.3           SNIIn 37 1
22 IC 443 SNR 06 17.0 +22 34           ~ 1186 1
23 V* V838 Mon No* 07 04 04.8221494992 -03 50 50.648894412       15.181 14.51 M10+B3V 404 0
24 NGC 2997 GiG 09 45 38.7542237472 -31 11 27.345810192   9.97 9.41 8.84 9.9 ~ 401 0
25 SPIRITS14azy ev 09 45 40.92 -31 12 07.8           ~ 2 0
26 AT 2018akh No? 09 55 13.53 +69 00 48.1           ~ 3 0
27 M 81 Sy2 09 55 33.1726556496 +69 03 55.062505368   7.89 6.94     ~ 4242 3
28 SN 2014J SN* 09 55 42.12 +69 40 25.9           SNIa 374 1
29 M 82 IG 09 55 52.430 +69 40 46.93 9.61 9.30 8.41     ~ 5657 6
30 NGC 3180 GiG 10 18 16.985 +41 25 27.77   10.4       ~ 687 0
31 SN 2016bkv SN* 10 18 19.31 +41 25 39.3           SNII 38 0
32 * eta Car Em* 10 45 03.5377808928 -59 41 04.051599720 6.37 7.03 6.48 4.90 4.41 OBepec 2354 0
33 SPIRITS16tn SN? 11 11 20.40 +55 40 17.3           ~ 9 0
34 M 108 SBG 11 11 30.967 +55 40 26.84   10.70       ~ 450 1
35 M 66 GiP 11 20 15.026 +12 59 28.64 9.85 9.65 8.92     ~ 1290 4
36 SN 2016cok SN* 11 20 19.09 +12 58 57.2           SNIIP 20 0
37 SN 2016bau SN* 11 20 59.02 +53 10 25.6           SNIb 11 0
38 NGC 3631 IG 11 21 02.8871865144 +53 10 10.415331660   11.0       ~ 342 1
39 NGC 4096 GiG 12 06 01.161 +47 28 42.09   11.61   10.86   ~ 238 0
40 SN 2014bi SN* 12 06 02.99 +47 29 33.5           SNIIP 11 1
41 SN 2014L SN* 12 18 48.68 +14 24 43.5           SNIc 17 1
42 M 99 H2G 12 18 49.625 +14 24 59.36 10.45 10.44 9.87     ~ 857 2
43 M 106 Sy2 12 18 57.620 +47 18 13.39   9.14 8.41 8.11   ~ 2265 3
44 SN 2014bc SN* 12 18 57.71 +47 18 11.3           SNIIP 18 1
45 NGC 4285 EmG 12 20 39.8045947392 -11 38 30.942123216   14   13.84   ~ 22 0
46 M 61 Sy2 12 21 54.9282582888 +04 28 25.597367184 10.07 10.18 9.65     ~ 946 2
47 SN 2014dt SN* 12 21 57.57 +04 28 18.5           SNIapec 45 1
48 SN 2006X SN* 12 22 53.93 +15 48 32.0     15.3     SNIa 307 1
49 M 100 AGN 12 22 54.9299993592 +15 49 20.296257960 10.04 10.05 9.35     ~ 1757 2
50 SPIRITS15ud ev 12 22 55.29 +15 49 22.0           ~ 3 0
51 SPIRITS17pc ev 12 25 44.43 +12 39 44.5           ~ 5 0
52 NGC 4388 Sy2 12 25 46.820 +12 39 43.45 11.91 11.76 11.02     ~ 1282 2
53 NAME Virgo Cluster ClG 12 26 32.1 +12 43 24           ~ 6344 0
54 NGC 4461 GiP 12 29 03.010 +13 11 01.88 12.56 12.09 11.19     ~ 230 2
55 SPIRITS16ix ev 12 29 03.16 +13 11 30.7           ~ 3 0
56 NGC 4490 GiP 12 30 36.368 +41 38 37.07 10.03 10.22 9.79     ~ 553 3
57 NAME NGC 4490-OT2011 ev 12 30 41.85 +41 37 49.8           ~ 35 0
58 SN 2016adj SN* 13 25 24.12 -43 00 57.9           SNIIb 28 0
59 NAME Centaurus A Sy2 13 25 27.61521044 -43 01 08.8050291   8.18 6.84 6.66   ~ 4303 3
60 NAME M51 OT2019-1 ev 13 29 42.394 +47 11 16.99           ~ 20 0
61 M 51 GiP 13 29 52.698 +47 11 42.93   9.26 8.36 8.40   ~ 4138 4
62 SN 2005cs SN* 13 29 53.37 +47 10 28.2   14.5       SNIIP 377 1
63 SN 2011dh SN* 13 30 05.10555 +47 10 10.9227           SNIIb 347 1
64 3C 286 Sy1 13 31 08.2883506368 +30 30 32.960091564   17.51 17.25     ~ 4148 2
65 NGC 5247 GiG 13 38 03.0183262176 -17 53 02.645511252   10.77   9.96 10.5 ~ 212 0
66 SN 2016C SN* 13 38 05.300 -17 51 15.30           SNIIP 2 0
67 NAME M101 OT2015-1 SN? 14 02 16.78 +54 26 20.5   19.19 17.57 16.92 16.26 ~ 42 0
68 M 101 GiP 14 03 12.583 +54 20 55.50   8.46 7.86 7.76   ~ 2752 2
69 NGC 5921 G 15 21 56.561 +05 04 13.94   12.7       ~ 267 0
70 PSN J15220552+0503160 ev 15 22 05.55 +05 03 15.9           ~ 4 0
71 NGC 6334 HII 17 20 53 -36 07.9           ~ 647 0
72 NGC 6405 OpC 17 40 17 -32 14.5           ~ 186 0
73 V* V1309 Sco No* 17 57 32.9368332984 -30 43 09.965039880   16.9   14.8   ~ 224 0
74 SNR G034.6-00.5 SNR 18 56 10.650 +01 13 21.30           ~ 921 2
75 ICRF J193925.0-634245 Sy2 19 39 25.0245304992 -63 42 45.640373400   18.87 18.37 17.64   ~ 1130 1
76 SN 2017eaw SN* 20 34 44.238 +60 11 36.00           SNIIP 82 0
77 SN 2008S ev 20 34 45.33 +60 05 58.4   19.89 18.79 17.93   SNIIn? 229 1
78 NGC 6946 H2G 20 34 52.332 +60 09 13.24   10.5       ~ 2408 2
79 SN 2004et SN* 20 35 25.33 +60 07 17.7   12.88       SNIIP 456 1
80 NGC 7331 LIN 22 37 04.0506038088 +34 24 56.800076508 10.65 10.35 9.48     ~ 1183 2
81 SN 2014C SN* 22 37 05.60 +34 24 31.9           SNIb 95 1
82 SN 2007le SN* 23 38 48.45 -06 31 21.7     15.2     SNIa 119 1

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2022.12.02-10:48:57

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