Astrophys. J., 883, 84-84 (2019/September-3)
High-resolution optical spectroscopy of stars in the Sylgr stellar stream.
ROEDERER I.U. and GNEDIN O.Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
We observe two metal-poor main-sequence stars that are members of the recently discovered Sylgr stellar stream. We present radial velocities, stellar parameters, and abundances for 13 elements derived from high-resolution optical spectra collected using the Magellan Inamori Kyocera Echelle spectrograph. The two stars have identical compositions (within 0.13 dex or 1.2σ) among all elements detected. Both stars are very metal-poor ([Fe/H] = -2.92 ± 0.06). Neither star is highly enhanced in C ([C/Fe] < +1.0). Both stars are enhanced in the α elements Mg, Si, and Ca ([α/Fe] = +0.32 ± 0.06), and the ratios among Na, Al, and all Fe-group elements are typical for other stars in the halo and ultra-faint and dwarf spheroidal galaxies at this metallicity. Sr is mildly enhanced ([Sr/Fe] = +0.22 ± 0.11), but Ba is not enhanced ([Ba/Fe] < -0.4), indicating that these stars do not contain high levels of neutron-capture elements. The Li abundances match those found in metal-poor unevolved field stars and globular clusters (GCs) (log ε(Li) = 2.05 ± 0.07), which implies that environment is not a dominant factor in determining the Li content of metal-poor stars. The chemical compositions of these two stars cannot distinguish whether the progenitor of the Sylgr stream was a dwarf galaxy or a GC. If the progenitor was a dwarf galaxy, the stream may originate from a dense region such as a nuclear star cluster. If the progenitor was a GC, it would be the most metal-poor GC known.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
dwarf galaxies 416 - globular star clusters 656 - nucleosynthesis 1131 - Population II stars - Stellar abundances
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<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/883/84): table1.dat table2.dat>
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