SIMBAD references

2019ApJ...882...77C - Astrophys. J., 882, 77-77 (2019/September-2)

Heavy element absorption systems at 5.0 < z < 6.8: metal-poor neutral gas and a diminishing signature of highly ionized circumgalactic matter.


Abstract (from CDS):

Ratios of different ions of the same element encode ionization information independently from relative abundances in quasar absorption line systems, crucial for understanding the multiphase nature and origin of absorbing gas, particularly at z > 6 where H I cannot be observed. Observational considerations have limited such studies to a small number of sightlines, with most surveys at z > 6 focused upon the statistical properties of individual ions such as Mg II or C IV. Here we compare high- and low-ionization absorption within 69 intervening systems at z > 5, including 16 systems at z > 6, from Magellan/FIRE spectra of 47 quasars together with a Keck/High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer (HIRES) spectrum of the "ultraluminous" z = 6.3 quasar SDSSJ010013.02+280225.8. The highest redshift absorbers increasingly exhibit low-ionization species alone, consistent with previous single-ion surveys that show the frequency of Mg II is unchanging with redshift, while C IV absorption drops markedly toward z = 6. We detect no C IV or Si IV in half of all metal-line absorbers at z > 5.7, with stacks not revealing any slightly weaker C IV just below our detection threshold, and most of the other half have NCII> NCIV. In contrast, only 20% of absorbers at 5.0-5.7 lack high-ionization gas, and a search of 25 HIRES sightlines at z ∼ 3 yielded zero such examples. We infer that these low-ionization high-redshift absorption systems may be analogous to metal-poor damped Lyα systems (∼1% of the absorber population at z ∼ 3), based on incidence rates and absolute and relative column densities. Simple photoionization models suggest that circumgalactic matter at redshift six has systematically lower chemical abundances and experiences a softer ionizing background relative to redshift three.

Abstract Copyright: © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: evolution - galaxies: high redshift - intergalactic medium - quasars: absorption lines - quasars: individual: QSO J0100+2802

CDS comments: Table 1: VIK J2316-2802 is not in SIMBAD.

Simbad objects: 73

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