SIMBAD references

2019ApJ...872L..29S - Astrophys. J., 872, L29-L29 (2019/February-3)

Black versus dark: rapid growth of supermassive black holes in dark matter halos at z ∼ 6.


Abstract (from CDS):

We report on the relation between the mass of supermassive black holes (SMBHs; MBH) and that of hosting dark matter halos (Mh) for 49 z ∼ 6 quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) with [C II]158 µm velocity-width measurements. Here, we estimate Mh assuming that the rotation velocity from FWHMCII is equal to the circular velocity of the halo; we have tested this procedure using z ∼ 3 QSOs that also have clustering-based Mh estimates. We find that a vast majority of the z ∼ 6 SMBHs are more massive than expected from the local MBH-Mh relation, with one-third of the sample by factors >=102. The median mass ratio of the sample, MBH/Mh=6×10–4, means that 0.4% of the baryons in halos are locked up in SMBHs. The mass growth rates of our SMBHs amount to ∼10% of the star formation rates (SFRs), or ∼1% of the mean baryon accretion rates, of the hosting galaxies. A large fraction of the hosting galaxies are consistent with average galaxies in terms of SFR and perhaps of stellar mass and size. Our study indicates that the growth of SMBHs (MBH∼108–10M) in luminous z ∼ 6 QSOs greatly precedes that of hosting halos owing to efficient gas accretion even under normal star formation activities, although we cannot rule out the possibility that undetected SMBHs have local MBH/Mh ratios. This preceding growth is in contrast to much milder evolution of the stellar-to-halo mass ratio.

Abstract Copyright: © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: evolution - galaxies: high-redshift - galaxies: star formation - quasars: supermassive black holes

Simbad objects: 26

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