SIMBAD references

2019ApJ...871..149F - Astrophys. J., 871, 149-149 (2019/February-1)

Identifying Variability in deeply embedded protostars with ALMA and CARMA.


Abstract (from CDS):

Variability of pre-main-sequence stars observed at optical wavelengths has been attributed to fluctuations in the mass accretion rate from the circumstellar disk onto the forming star. Detailed models of accretion disks suggest that young deeply embedded protostars should also exhibit variations in their accretion rates, and that these changes can be tracked indirectly by monitoring the response of the dust envelope at mid-IR to millimeter wavelengths. Interferometers such as the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) offer the resolution and sensitivity to observe small fluctuations in brightness at the scale of the disk where episodic accretion may be driven. In this work, we present novel methods for comparing interferometric observations and apply them to Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA) and ALMA 1.3 mm observations of deeply embedded protostars in Serpens taken 9 yr apart. We find no brightness variation above the limits of our analysis of a factor of >=50%, due to the limited sensitivity of the CARMA observations and small number of sources common to both epochs. We further show that follow-up ALMA observations with a similar sample size and sensitivity may be able to uncover variability at the level of a few percent, and discuss implications for future work.

Abstract Copyright: © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): accretion, accretion disks - methods: data analysis - stars: formation - stars: protostars - stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be - submillimeter: ISM - techniques: interferometric

Nomenclature: Figs 2-3, Table 5: [FJD2019] NN (Nos 1-22).

Simbad objects: 51

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