Astron. J., 157, 247-247 (2019/June-0)
Radial velocities, space motions, and nearby young moving group memberships of eleven candidate young brown dwarfs.
RIEDEL A.R., DITOMASSO V., RICE E.L., ALAM M.K., ABRAHAMS E., CROOK J., CRUZ K.L. and FAHERTY J.K.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present new radial velocity (RV) measurements for 11 candidate young very-low-mass stars and brown dwarfs, with spectral types from M7 to L7. Candidate young objects were identified by features indicative of low surface gravity in their optical and/or near-infrared spectra. RV measurements are derived from high-resolution (R =λ/Δλ = 20,000) J-band spectra taken with NIRSPEC at the Keck Observatory. We combine RVs with proper motions and trigonometric distances to calculate three-dimensional space positions and motions and to evaluate membership probabilities for nearby young moving groups (NYMGs). We propose 2MASS J00452143+1634446 (L2β, J = 13.06) as an RV standard given the precision and stability of measurements from three different studies. We test the precision and accuracy of our RV measurements as a function of spectral type of the comparison object, finding that RV results are essentially indistinguishable even with differences of ±5 spectral subtypes. We also investigate the strengths of gravity-sensitive K I lines at 1.24-1.25 µm and evaluate their consistency with other age indicators. We confirm or reconfirm four brown dwarf members of NYMGs-2MASS J00452143+1634446, WISE J00470038+6803543, 2MASS J011747483403258, and 2MASS J193555952846343-and their previous age estimates. We identify one new brown dwarf member of the Carina-Near moving group, 2M2154-10. The remaining objects do not appear to be members of any known NYMGs, despite their spectral signatures of youth. These results add to the growing number of very-low-mass objects exhibiting signatures of youth that lack likely membership in a known NYMG, thereby compounding the mystery regarding local, low-density star formation.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
brown dwarfs - infrared: stars - stars: low-mass - techniques: radial velocities - techniques: spectroscopic
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