2018MNRAS.477.4187H


Query : 2018MNRAS.477.4187H

2018MNRAS.477.4187H - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 477, 4187-4199 (2018/July-1)

Rotation curves of galaxies and the stellar mass-to-light ratio.

HAGHI H., KHODADADI A., GHARI A., HASANI ZONOOZI A. and KROUPA P.

Abstract (from CDS):

Mass models of a sample of 171 low- and high-surface brightness galaxies are presented in the context of the cold dark matter (CDM) theory using the NFW dark matter halo density distribution to extract a new concentration-viral mass relation (c-Mvir). The rotation curves (RCs) are calculated from the total baryonic matter based on the 3.6 µm-band surface photometry, the observed distribution of neutral hydrogen, and the dark halo, in which the three adjustable parameters are the stellar mass-to-light ratio, halo concentration, and virial mass. Although accounting for a NFW dark halo profile can explain RC observations, the implied c-Mvir relation from RC analysis strongly disagrees with that resulting from different cosmological simulations. Also, the M/L-colour correlation of the studied galaxies is inconsistent with that expected from stellar population synthesis models with different stellar initial mass functions. Moreover, we show that the best-fitting stellar M/L ratios of 51 galaxies (30 per cent of our sample) have unphysically negative values in the framework of the ΛCDM theory. This can be interpreted as a serious crisis for this theory. This suggests either that the commonly used NFW halo profile, which is a natural result of ΛCDM cosmological structure formation, is not an appropriate profile for the dark haloes of galaxies, or, new dark matter physics or alternative gravity models are needed to explain the rotational velocities of disc galaxies.

Abstract Copyright: © 2018 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society

Journal keyword(s): methods: numerical

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/477/4187): table1.dat>

Simbad objects: 173

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Number of rows : 173
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 NAME WLM Galaxy G 00 01 57.9 -15 27 50   11.50 11.10 10.93   ~ 625 2
2 NGC 7814 GiG 00 03 14.947 +16 08 42.82   12.0       ~ 274 0
3 NGC 24 GiG 00 09 56.542 -24 57 47.27 12.12 12.20 11.58 11.46 11.5 ~ 224 1
4 UGC 128 LSB 00 13 50.93 +35 59 36.6   16.5       ~ 91 1
5 NGC 55 GiG 00 14 53.602 -39 11 47.86 8.54 8.58 7.87 7.84   ~ 739 2
6 UGC 191 G 00 20 05.16 +10 52 45.5   15.6       ~ 76 1
7 NGC 100 LSB 00 24 02.837 +16 29 11.00   14.6       ~ 119 0
8 NGC 247 LSB 00 47 08.554 -20 45 37.44 10.11 9.61 9.10 8.87   ~ 407 2
9 NGC 289 AGN 00 52 42.365 -31 12 20.99   11.36 13.44 10.38 11.4 ~ 219 0
10 NGC 300 GiG 00 54 53.4465638304 -37 41 03.168402396 8.83 8.69 8.13 7.46   ~ 1408 2
11 UGC 634 LSB 01 01 25.171 +07 37 33.57   15.7       ~ 73 0
12 NGC 360 G 01 02 51.4684833528 -65 36 35.652293964   13.42   11.99 12.5 ~ 81 0
13 UGC 731 G 01 10 44.00 +49 36 07.9   17       ~ 88 0
14 UGC 891 G 01 21 19.09 +12 24 42.2 15.36 14.82 14.36 12.87   ~ 98 0
15 UGC 1230 LSB 01 45 32.251 +25 31 17.28   17       ~ 82 0
16 UGC 1281 LSB 01 49 31.71 +32 35 16.2   13.0       ~ 152 0
17 NGC 801 AGN 02 03 44.7926518608 +38 15 31.615649064   14.23 13.47     ~ 170 0
18 NGC 891 H2G 02 22 32.907 +42 20 53.95 11.08 10.81 9.93 7.86   ~ 1594 2
19 UGC 2023 GiG 02 33 18.12 +33 29 25.5   14.9   13.59   ~ 81 0
20 NGC 1003 GiG 02 39 16.893 +40 52 20.25   12.1   10.83   ~ 173 0
21 NGC 1090 G 02 46 33.9359016984 -00 14 49.627749660   12.3   12.1 12.4 ~ 153 0
22 UGC 2259 GiP 02 47 55.4194406880 +37 32 18.528735876   14.3   12.8   ~ 121 0
23 NGC 1156 rG 02 59 42.8528847264 +25 14 28.352017320 12.13 12.32 11.74     ~ 292 1
24 NGC 1167 LIN 03 01 42.3322774176 +35 12 20.300948892   13.84 12.77     ~ 327 2
25 ESO 116-12 GiG 03 13 04.746 -57 21 26.09   12.96   12.07 12.2 ~ 85 0
26 UGC 2885 G 03 53 02.4589142328 +35 35 22.174136556   14.4       ~ 136 0
27 UGC 2916 G 04 02 33.9170114400 +71 42 21.124283292   14.9       ~ 55 2
28 IC 356 IG 04 07 46.8869589504 +69 48 44.715725208   13.3       ~ 136 1
29 NAME Cam B G 04 53 07.1 +67 05 57   16.71       ~ 70 0
30 NGC 1705 SBG 04 54 13.4661493464 -53 21 39.471592428 12.32 12.96 12.56 12.58 12.9 ~ 617 1
31 UGC 3205 G 04 56 14.8692530064 +30 03 08.201990520   16.0       ~ 55 0
32 NGC 2273 Sy2 06 50 08.6691789600 +60 50 44.864645136   14.50 13.54     ~ 495 3
33 UGC 3580 G 06 55 30.9694563864 +69 33 47.319499836   13.01 12.57 12.08 11.50 ~ 87 1
34 ClG 0657-56 ClG 06 58 29.6 -55 56 39           ~ 870 1
35 NGC 2366 H2G 07 28 51.85 +69 12 31.1 12.25 11.86 11.39 11.33   ~ 732 0
36 NGC 2403 AGN 07 36 51.3381434280 +65 36 09.650825640 9.31 8.84 8.38 8.19   ~ 1697 1
37 UGC 4115 G 07 57 01.027 +14 23 47.66   16.0       ~ 138 0
38 AGC 180072 LSB 08 09 32.6 +22 33 34           ~ 47 0
39 IC 2233 LSB 08 13 58.909 +45 44 31.74 12.87 13.41 12.63 12.80   ~ 216 1
40 NGC 2552 G 08 19 20.5355420472 +50 00 34.590204468 13.44 13.00 12.56     ~ 244 1
41 UGC 4483 GiG 08 37 03.29 +69 46 29.2 15.70 15.46 14.98 14.89   ~ 282 0
42 UGC 4499 GiP 08 37 41.489 +51 39 08.58   13.50       ~ 128 1
43 LEDA 86665 LSB 08 46 37.8 +18 53 25   17.21       ~ 45 0
44 ESO 563-21 EmG 08 47 16.981 -20 02 08.38   13.5   12.47 12.7 ~ 77 0
45 NGC 2683 AGN 08 52 41.3064829584 +33 25 18.597681516 11.57 10.68 9.79 9.38   ~ 412 1
46 LEDA 86666 LSB 08 53 03.9 +18 26 09           ~ 67 0
47 LSB F563-1 LSB 08 55 01.4 +19 45 06           ~ 64 0
48 LEDA 86668 LSB 09 02 53.357 +20 04 32.21   16.9       ~ 87 0
49 NGC 2841 LIN 09 22 02.6778711696 +50 58 35.737082868 10.43 10.09 9.22     ~ 1029 1
50 UGC 5005 LSB 09 24 29.387 +22 16 29.37   18       ~ 69 0
51 NGC 2915 G 09 26 11.532 -76 37 34.75 13.13 12.93 12.68 11.90 12.8 ~ 319 2
52 NGC 2905 H2G 09 32 10.111 +21 30 02.99 10.44 9.75 9.07 8.68   ~ 1053 3
53 LEDA 86670 LSB 09 37 36.6 +21 46 15           ~ 46 0
54 NGC 2955 GiG 09 41 16.6170758448 +35 52 56.147040624   13.90       ~ 98 0
55 NGC 2998 LIN 09 48 43.6305155160 +44 04 53.217027660   13.3       ~ 200 0
56 NGC 2985 Sy1 09 50 22.233 +72 16 43.13   11.37 10.61     ~ 236 1
57 UGC 5272 G 09 50 22.769 +31 29 17.80   14.48   14.10   ~ 176 0
58 NAME M 81-82 Group GrG 09 55 +69.1           ~ 677 0
59 NGC 3109 G 10 03 06.877 -26 09 34.46 11.10 10.42 10.04 9.91   ~ 731 2
60 NGC 3104 IG 10 03 57.185 +40 45 41.43   14.2       ~ 117 0
61 LEDA 86618 LSB 10 17 56.3 +21 03 41           ~ 23 0
62 NGC 3198 EmG 10 19 54.990 +45 32 58.88 10.83 10.87 10.33     ~ 854 1
63 LSB F568-1 LSB 10 25 42.1 +22 25 28           ~ 58 0
64 LSB F568-3 LSB 10 26 59 +22 13.6           ~ 75 0
65 IC 2574 G 10 28 23.6148831408 +68 24 43.440012756 11.70 11.07 10.87 10.74   ~ 634 1
66 UGC 5716 G 10 31 43.267 +25 18 27.40   17       ~ 69 0
67 NGC 3274 EmG 10 32 17.2253817864 +27 40 07.165226244   13.30   12.77   ~ 215 0
68 UGC 5764 IG 10 36 43.1428583040 +31 32 50.189204040   15.6   15.04   ~ 102 0
69 NAME Spider G 10 42 42.787 +34 26 57.39   13.31 13.09 12.84 12.85 ~ 139 0
70 LEDA 86672 LSB 10 45 02.064 +22 03 15.54           ~ 74 0
71 UGC 5918 GiG 10 49 36.412 +65 32 01.07 15.55 15.27 14.79 14.55   ~ 140 0
72 NGC 3432 IG 10 52 31.132 +36 37 07.60   11.81 11.67 11.29   ~ 268 1
73 UGC 5999 LSB 10 52 58.652 +07 37 11.27   18       ~ 50 0
74 NGC 3521 LSB 11 05 48.5680991376 -00 02 09.245076540 10.06 9.83 9.02 10.1 9.6 ~ 753 2
75 UGC 6399 G 11 23 23.2200537264 +50 53 33.503083728   14.9       ~ 97 0
76 LEDA 86674 LSB 11 26 18.9 +18 50 08           ~ 46 0
77 UGC 6446 GiC 11 26 40.4656762968 +53 44 48.012539280   14.5       ~ 145 0
78 NGC 3726 GiG 11 33 21.1367545656 +47 01 45.280222428   11.11   10.02   ~ 338 0
79 LSB F571-8 LSB 11 33 54.3 +19 21 18           ~ 43 0
80 NGC 3741 G 11 36 05.754 +45 17 02.96 15.01 14.55 14.23 14.06   ~ 202 0
81 NGC 3769 GiP 11 37 44.0727836208 +47 53 34.782808956   11.7       ~ 169 0
82 UGC 6614 LIN 11 39 14.8736598984 +17 08 37.200948684   14.8       ~ 133 0
83 UGC 6628 G 11 40 05.7497793984 +45 56 31.750795896   14.6       ~ 75 0
84 UGC 6667 GiC 11 42 26.309 +51 35 52.82   14.8       ~ 109 0
85 NGC 3877 GiG 11 46 07.782 +47 29 40.20   11.8       ~ 299 0
86 NGC 3893 GiP 11 48 38.207 +48 42 38.84   11.23 10.67     ~ 352 1
87 NGC 3900 GiP 11 49 09.4563144120 +27 01 19.276393872   12.5       ~ 171 0
88 NGC 3898 LIN 11 49 15.370 +56 05 03.66   11.7       ~ 285 1
89 NGC 3917 GiP 11 50 45.4481861760 +51 49 27.919475076   12.5       ~ 175 0
90 UGC 6818 G 11 50 46.9776888960 +45 48 26.384111676   14.6       ~ 72 0
91 NGC 3949 GiG 11 53 41.7311041896 +47 51 31.401451476   10.9       ~ 318 1
92 NGC 3953 GiG 11 53 49.0086582552 +52 19 36.475395312   11.08   9.71   ~ 335 0
93 UGC 6917 GiG 11 56 28.773 +50 25 42.22   14.0       ~ 128 0
94 UGC 6923 GiC 11 56 49.526 +53 09 37.21   13.90   12.96   ~ 137 0
95 UGC 6930 EmG 11 57 17.3777198280 +49 17 00.669514488   14.2       ~ 114 0
96 M 109 GiG 11 57 35.9631479640 +53 22 29.006082336   10.94   9.57   ~ 434 0
97 NGC 4013 GiG 11 58 31.417 +43 56 49.28   12.4       ~ 396 1
98 NGC 4010 GiG 11 58 37.991 +47 15 40.72   13.1       ~ 139 0
99 IC 750 AGN 11 58 52.225 +42 43 20.65   12.7 12.17     ~ 161 1
100 UGC 6983 GiC 11 59 08.734 +52 42 28.03   14.5       ~ 161 0
101 NGC 4051 Sy1 12 03 09.6101337312 +44 31 52.682601288   11.08 12.92 9.94   ~ 2082 1
102 NGC 4068 G 12 04 03.265 +52 35 26.05   13.29   12.77   ~ 163 0
103 NGC 4085 GiP 12 05 22.7304442992 +50 21 10.608113412   13.93 12.83     ~ 173 0
104 NGC 4088 GiP 12 05 34.2230093952 +50 32 21.064017876   11.2       ~ 388 1
105 UGC 7089 GiP 12 05 57.746 +43 08 36.08   14.40       ~ 101 1
106 NGC 4100 GiG 12 06 08.602 +49 34 56.32   11.7       ~ 230 0
107 UGC 7125 G 12 08 41.514 +36 48 08.27   14.7       ~ 72 0
108 NGC 4138 Sy1 12 09 29.8011417048 +43 41 06.864140004 12.46 12.29 11.32 10.82   ~ 381 1
109 NGC 4144 GiG 12 09 58.601 +46 27 25.85   12.17   11.50   ~ 220 0
110 NGC 4157 GiP 12 11 04.365 +50 29 04.85 12.48 12.15 11.35     ~ 327 2
111 NGC 4183 GiG 12 13 16.860 +43 41 53.77   13.5       ~ 184 0
112 NGC 4190 LSB 12 13 44.1717362856 +36 37 53.374557468 13.88 13.40 13.25 12.86   ~ 195 0
113 NGC 4204 GiC 12 15 14.359 +20 39 32.68   14.3       ~ 134 0
114 NGC 4228 SBG 12 15 39.174 +36 19 36.80 10.63 10.30 9.93 9.74   ~ 913 1
115 NGC 4217 GiG 12 15 50.900 +47 05 30.44   12.4       ~ 272 2
116 NGC 4242 GiG 12 17 30.1835103480 +45 37 09.508940220   11.37 10.83     ~ 246 1
117 NGC 4288 GiG 12 20 38.119 +46 17 27.67   13.6       ~ 163 0
118 NGC 4389 GiG 12 25 35.098 +45 41 04.81   12.64   11.46   ~ 137 0
119 NGC 4395 Sy2 12 25 48.8633109888 +33 32 48.700168152 10.84 10.54 10.11 9.98   ~ 1075 1
120 Mrk 209 bCG 12 26 16.02 +48 29 36.6   15.3       ~ 321 0
121 UGC 7559 GiP 12 27 05.566 +37 08 30.39   14.19   13.55   ~ 187 0
122 UGC 7577 GiG 12 27 41.8796163840 +43 29 58.136511408 13.75 13.10 12.7 12.33   ~ 242 0
123 UGC 7608 EmG 12 28 44.078 +43 13 25.79   16.0       ~ 86 0
124 NGC 4455 EmG 12 28 44.1242000448 +22 49 13.538159508   15.5       ~ 190 0
125 UGC 7690 LSB 12 32 26.893 +42 42 14.84   13.7       ~ 104 0
126 NGC 4559 H2G 12 35 57.6402869976 +27 57 35.859278160   10.46 10.01     ~ 577 1
127 LSB F574-1 LSB 12 38 13.3 +22 17 59           ~ 55 0
128 IC 3687 GiG 12 42 15.1540831512 +38 30 05.844632940   15.5       ~ 132 0
129 LSB F574-2 LSB 12 46 47.3 +21 48 12           ~ 24 0
130 UGC 8024 GiC 12 54 05.248 +27 08 58.67 14.37 14.23 13.95 13.84   ~ 562 1
131 UGCA 320 GiP 13 03 16.736 -17 25 22.91 13.98 13.42 13.09 12.96 13.3 ~ 109 0
132 IC 4202 EmG 13 08 31.5891545640 +24 42 02.857607676   15.2       ~ 91 0
133 NGC 5005 GiP 13 10 56.312 +37 03 32.19   14.67 13.67     ~ 520 2
134 NGC 5023 EmG 13 12 11.8036148808 +44 02 17.328663600   13.2       ~ 236 0
135 NGC 5033 Sy1 13 13 27.535 +36 35 37.14   11.01 12.03 9.73   ~ 829 3
136 UGC 8320 G 13 14 27.997 +45 55 11.14 13.63 13.26 13.02 12.81   ~ 256 0
137 M 63 LIN 13 15 49.2741893928 +42 01 45.728076108   9.34 8.59 8.35   ~ 1136 2
138 UGC 8333 GiC 13 15 53.778 +25 26 10.13   17       ~ 109 0
139 NGC 5204 LSB 13 29 36.508 +58 25 07.43   11.84   11.37   ~ 445 0
140 NGC 5229 LSB 13 34 02.831 +47 54 55.68   14.6       ~ 121 0
141 ESO 444-84 GiC 13 37 20.4 -28 02 39 16.04 15.34 15.05 15.05 14.9 ~ 106 1
142 NGC 5289 GiP 13 45 08.7075916440 +41 30 12.218593392   14.09 13.09     ~ 118 1
143 UGC 8837 G 13 54 45.602 +53 54 20.06   14.2       ~ 191 0
144 NGC 5390 LIN 13 55 39.9385716624 +40 27 42.380606592   12.81 11.93 10.04   ~ 334 1
145 UGC 9037 G 14 08 29.106 +07 03 28.80   14.5       ~ 63 0
146 NGC 5533 Sy2 14 16 07.7507477232 +35 20 37.879981584   13.0       ~ 160 1
147 MCG+07-29-060 QSO 14 17 01.716 +43 30 13.52   15.6       ~ 161 0
148 NGC 5585 GiG 14 19 48.204 +56 43 44.58   11.73 11.216 11.12 10.123 ~ 402 0
149 VLSB F579-V01 LSB 14 32 48.1 +22 45 58           ~ 34 0
150 LEDA 87128 LSB 14 33 20.315 +26 59 52.94   14.65       ~ 34 0
151 NGC 5906 GiG 15 15 53.687 +56 19 43.86   11.4       ~ 722 1
152 NGC 5985 SyG 15 39 37.0545742176 +59 19 55.216886664   15.24 14.22     ~ 235 0
153 UGC 9992 G 15 41 48.01 +67 15 14.0 15.71 15.22 14.81 14.44   ~ 76 0
154 NGC 6015 G 15 51 25.2376583904 +62 18 36.233118396   11.69 11.14 10.61 10.08 ~ 221 0
155 LSB F583-4 LSB 15 52 12 +18 47.1           ~ 50 0
156 LEDA 86657 LSB 15 57 27.483 +20 39 59.12           ~ 91 0
157 UGC 10310 IG 16 16 17.9000468088 +47 02 43.128874644   14.9       ~ 133 0
158 NGC 6195 LIN 16 36 32.5656632424 +39 01 40.411487460   14.7       ~ 86 0
159 NGC 6503 LIN 17 49 26.4207792072 +70 08 39.604132176 11.56 10.95 10.28 9.92   ~ 494 1
160 NGC 6674 G 18 38 33.889 +25 22 30.39   13.7       ~ 103 0
161 NGC 6789 G 19 16 41.169 +63 58 23.90   13.76       ~ 103 1
162 UGC 11455 GiP 19 29 56.3064378840 +72 06 46.537706664   15.3       ~ 54 0
163 UGC 11557 G 20 24 00.6851855760 +60 11 41.414285040   14.5       ~ 66 0
164 LEDA 166192 LSB 20 30 32.9 +60 21 17   16.49       ~ 47 0
165 NGC 6946 H2G 20 34 52.332 +60 09 13.24   10.5       ~ 2379 2
166 UGC 11820 LSB 21 49 28.64 +14 13 51.4   17       ~ 61 0
167 NGC 7217 LIN 22 07 52.3984675584 +31 21 33.632293572   12.94 11.92     ~ 476 0
168 NGC 7331 LIN 22 37 04.0506038088 +34 24 56.800076508 10.65 10.35 9.48     ~ 1169 2
169 UGC 12506 G 23 19 30.4940411496 +16 04 29.240723064   15.6       ~ 64 0
170 UGC 12632 GiG 23 29 58.78 +40 59 25.2   15.7       ~ 95 0
171 UGC 12732 GiP 23 40 39.96 +26 14 09.8   14.5       ~ 129 0
172 ESO 471-6 G 23 43 45.549 -31 57 24.37 14.55 14.03 13.73 13.63   ~ 132 1
173 NGC 7793 GiG 23 57 49.7540045856 -32 35 27.701550744 10.26 9.74 9.28 9.06 9.7 ~ 1025 2

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2022.07.03-19:01:34

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