Astrophys. J., 856, 131-131 (2018/April-1)
Using strong gravitational lensing to identify fossil group progenitors.
JOHNSON L.E., IRWIN J.A., WHITE R.E., WONG K.-W., MAKSYM W.P., DUPKE R.A., MILLER E.D. and CARRASCO E.R.
Abstract (from CDS):
Fossil galaxy systems are classically thought to be the end result of galaxy group/cluster evolution, as galaxies experiencing dynamical friction sink to the center of the group potential and merge into a single, giant elliptical that dominates the rest of the members in both mass and luminosity. Most fossil systems discovered lie within z < 0.2, which leads to the question, what were these systems' progenitors? Such progenitors are expected to have imminent or ongoing major merging near the brightest group galaxy that, when concluded, will meet the fossil criteria within the look forward time. Since strong gravitational lensing preferentially selects groups merging along the line of sight, or systems with a high mass concentration like fossil systems, we searched the CASSOWARY survey of strong-lensing events with the goal of determining whether lensing systems have any predisposition to being fossil systems or progenitors. We find that ∼13% of lensing groups are identified as traditional fossils while only ∼3% of nonlensing control groups are. We also find that ∼23% of lensing systems are traditional fossil progenitors compared to ∼17% for the control sample. Our findings show that strong-lensing systems are more likely to be fossil/pre-fossil systems than comparable nonlensing systems. Cumulative galaxy luminosity functions of the lensing and nonlensing groups also indicate a possible, fundamental difference between strong-lensing and nonlensing systems' galaxy populations, with lensing systems housing a greater number of bright galaxies even in the outskirts of groups.
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: evolution - galaxies: groups: general - galaxies: luminosity function, mass function - gravitational lensing: strong
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