Astrophys. J., 854, 97-97 (2018/February-3)
An ALMA [C II] survey of 27 quasars at z > 5.94.
DECARLI R., WALTER F., VENEMANS B.P., BANADOS E., BERTOLDI F., CARILLI C., FAN X., FARINA E.P., MAZZUCCHELLI C., RIECHERS D., RIX H.-W., STRAUSS M.A., WANG R. and YANG Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a survey of the [C II] 158 µm line and underlying far-infrared (FIR) dust continuum emission in a sample of 27 z≳6 quasars using the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) at ∼1′′ resolution. The [C II] line was significantly detected (at > 5-σ) in 23 sources (85%). We find typical line luminosities of L[CII]=109–10L☉, and an average line width of ∼385 kms–1. The [C II]-to-far-infrared luminosity ratios ([C II]/FIR) in our sources span one order of magnitude, highlighting a variety of conditions in the star-forming medium. Four quasar host galaxies are clearly resolved in their [C II] emission on a few kpc scales. Basic estimates of the dynamical masses of the host galaxies give masses between 2 x 1010 and 2 x 1011 M☉, i.e., more than an order of magnitude below what is expected from local scaling relations, given the available limits on the masses of the central black holes (> 3×108M☉, assuming Eddington-limited accretion). In stacked ALMA [C II] spectra of individual sources in our sample, we find no evidence of a deviation from a single Gaussian profile. The quasar luminosity does not strongly correlate with either the [C II] luminosity or equivalent width. This survey (with typical on-source integration times of 8 minutes) showcases the unparalleled sensitivity of ALMA at millimeter wavelengths, and offers a unique reference sample for the study of the first massive galaxies in the universe.
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: high-redshift - galaxies: ISM - quasars: emission lines - quasars: general
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