Astron. J., 156, 57-57 (2018/August-0)
The Hawaii Infrared Parallax Program. III. 2MASS J0249-0557 c: a wide planetary-mass companion to a low-mass binary in the β Pic moving group.
DUPUY T.J., LIU M.C., ALLERS K.N., BILLER B.A., KRATTER K.M., MANN A.W., SHKOLNIK E.L., KRAUS A.L. and BEST W.M.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have discovered a wide planetary-mass companion to the β Pic moving group member 2MASS J02495639-0557352 (M6 VL-G) using Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope/WIRCam astrometry from the Hawaii Infrared Parallax Program. In addition, Keck laser guide star adaptive optics aperture-masking interferometry shows that the host is itself a tight binary. Altogether, 2MASS J0249-0557ABc is a bound triple system with an 11.6–1.0+1.3MJup object separated by 1950 ± 200 au (40'') from a relatively close (2.17 ± 0.22 au, 0.''04) pair of 48–12+13MJup and 44–11+14MJup objects. 2MASS J0249-0557AB is one of the few ultracool binaries to be discovered in a young moving group and the first confirmed in the β Pic moving group (22 ± 6 Myr). The mass, absolute magnitudes, and spectral type of 2MASS J0249-0557 c (L2 VL-G) are remarkably similar to those of the planet β Pic b (L2, 13.0–0.3+0.4MJup). We also find that the free-floating object 2MASS J2208+2921 (L3 VL-G) is another possible β Pic moving group member with colors and absolute magnitudes similar to β Pic b and 2MASS J0249-0557 c. β Pic b is the first directly imaged planet to have a "twin," namely an object of comparable properties in the same stellar association. Such directly imaged objects provide a unique opportunity to measure atmospheric composition, variability, and rotation across different pathways of assembling planetary-mass objects from the same natal material.
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
binaries: close - brown dwarfs - parallaxes - planetary systems - stars: individual: (2MASS J02495639-0557352, 2MASSW J2208136+292121)
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