2017ApJ...836..104X


Query : 2017ApJ...836..104X

2017ApJ...836..104X - Astrophys. J., 836, 104-104 (2017/February-2)

Fundamental plane of black hole activity in the quiescent regime.

XIE F.-G. and YUAN F.

Abstract (from CDS):

A correlation among the radio luminosity (LR), X-ray luminosity (LX), and black hole (BH) mass (MBH) in active galactic nuclei (AGNs) and BH binaries is known to exist and is called the "fundamental plane" of BH activity. Yuan & Cui predict that the radio/X-ray correlation index, ξX, changes from ξX~0.6 to ξX~1.2–1.3 when LX/LEdd decreases below a critical value of ∼10–6. While many works favor such a change, there are also several works claiming the opposite. In this paper, we gather from the literature the largest quiescent AGN (defined as LX/LEdd 10–6) sample to date, consisting of 75 sources. We find that these quiescent AGNs follow a ξX~1.23 radio/X-ray relationship, in excellent agreement with the Yuan & Cui prediction. The reason for the discrepancy between the present result and some previous works is that their samples contain not only quiescent sources but also "normal" ones (i.e., LX/LEdd 10–6). In this case, the quiescent sources will mix up with those normal ones in LR and LX. The value of ξX will then be between 0.6 and ∼1.3, with the exact value being determined by the sample composition, i.e., the fraction of the quiescent and normal sources. Based on this result, we propose that a more physical way to study the fundamental plane is to replace LR and LX with LR/LEdd and LX/LEdd, respectively.

Abstract Copyright: © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): accretion, accretion disks - black hole physics - galaxies: active - methods: statistical - methods: statistical

Simbad objects: 81

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Number of rows : 81
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 M 32 IG 00 42 41.825 +40 51 54.61 9.51 9.03 8.08     ~ 2098 2
2 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 11935 1
3 NGC 383 rG 01 07 24.9647814840 +32 24 45.132586200   13.6 12.14     ~ 751 3
4 NGC 404 LIN 01 09 27.1 +35 43 05   12.56 11.73     ~ 442 0
5 NGC 474 GiP 01 20 06.6870520512 +03 24 55.861973100 12.75 12.37 11.51 11.42 10.56 ~ 340 1
6 NGC 507 BiC 01 23 39.950 +33 15 22.22   13.0       ~ 416 3
7 NGC 524 GiP 01 24 47.7429545736 +09 32 20.089023900   11.5       ~ 444 1
8 NGC 821 G 02 08 21.1358498040 +10 59 41.832436704   12.210 11.310 10.739 9.744 ~ 556 0
9 UGC 1841 Sy1 02 23 11.4132676224 +42 59 31.378354260   15.71 14.81     ~ 545 2
10 NGC 1265 GiC 03 18 15.674 +41 51 27.94   14.7       ~ 357 2
11 NGC 1399 BiC 03 38 29.083 -35 27 02.67 11.05 9.74 9.59 8.12   ~ 1519 1
12 1A 0620-00 HXB 06 22 44.5423857312 -00 20 44.290460544 10.60 11.40 11.2     K3V-K7V 1073 0
13 NGC 2768 SyG 09 11 37.504 +60 02 13.95 11.30 10.84 9.87     ~ 486 2
14 NGC 2778 GiP 09 12 24.3741783168 +35 01 39.140496840   13.1       ~ 273 0
15 NGC 2787 LIN 09 19 18.6046606656 +69 12 11.630716128   12.92 11.79     ~ 334 0
16 NGC 2841 LIN 09 22 02.6778711696 +50 58 35.737082868 10.43 10.09 9.22     ~ 1032 1
17 M 81 Sy2 09 55 33.1726556496 +69 03 55.062505368   7.89 6.94     ~ 4214 3
18 NGC 3115 GiG 10 05 13.9270507008 -07 43 06.982712292   11   9.37   ~ 977 2
19 NGC 3226 GiP 10 23 27.0064075320 +19 53 54.674937420   14.32 13.33     ~ 413 1
20 NGC 3245 GiP 10 27 18.3864983136 +28 30 26.621599932   11.6       ~ 332 0
21 NGC 3377 GiP 10 47 42.400 +13 59 08.30 11.55 11.24 10.38     ~ 752 1
22 M 105 LIN 10 47 49.600 +12 34 53.87   10.56 9.76 9.12 8.18 ~ 1426 0
23 NGC 3384 GiG 10 48 16.8855574392 +12 37 45.371165844   10.0       ~ 575 1
24 NGC 3414 GiP 10 51 16.2099174408 +27 58 30.297624852   12.1       ~ 313 0
25 [VV2006] J111654.8+180304 QSO 11 16 54.657 +18 03 06.51   13.84 12.76     ~ 451 0
26 NGC 3608 LIN 11 16 58.967 +18 08 54.71   11.7       ~ 493 0
27 V* KV UMa HXB 11 18 10.7930420496 +48 02 12.314730120     12.25     K5V-M1V 768 0
28 NGC 3610 GiG 11 18 25.2827189856 +58 47 10.433735988   11.4       ~ 296 0
29 M 66 GiP 11 20 15.026 +12 59 28.64 9.85 9.65 8.92     ~ 1283 4
30 NGC 3628 GiP 11 20 17.018 +13 35 22.16   10.42 9.48 9.22   ~ 791 3
31 NGC 3675 GiG 11 26 08.5641089832 +43 35 09.587062464   11.04   9.57   ~ 276 1
32 NGC 3941 Sy2 11 52 55.3609498656 +36 59 10.716212904   11.45 11.62 9.97   ~ 235 0
33 NGC 4143 LIN 12 09 36.0679174440 +42 32 03.031963368   13.04 12.08     ~ 225 0
34 NGC 4168 Sy1 12 12 17.2692381408 +13 12 18.688208724 12.58 12.11 11.18     ~ 363 2
35 NGC 4203 LIN 12 15 05.0549203560 +33 11 50.383965120   12.98 11.99     ~ 475 2
36 NGC 4216 GiP 12 15 54.444 +13 08 57.84 11.51 10.99 10.01     ~ 389 1
37 NGC 4233 GiG 12 17 07.690 +07 37 27.96   13.2       ~ 156 0
38 NGC 4261 LIN 12 19 23.2160630 +05 49 29.700024   13.92 12.87     ~ 1178 0
39 NGC 4278 LIN 12 20 06.8253868 +29 16 50.713486 11.54 11.09 10.16     ~ 917 2
40 NGC 4365 GiG 12 24 28.228 +07 19 03.07   11.5       ~ 820 0
41 M 84 Sy2 12 25 03.74333 +12 53 13.1393 12.67 12.09 10.49     ~ 1708 2
42 NGC 4459 H2G 12 29 00.0329905416 +13 58 42.826603332   11.6       ~ 518 0
43 M 49 Sy2 12 29 46.798 +08 00 01.48   13.21 12.17     ~ 2034 2
44 NGC 4473 GiG 12 29 48.878 +13 25 45.55 11.60 11.16 10.20     ~ 624 1
45 NGC 4477 Sy2 12 30 02.1955766304 +13 38 11.543715888 11.98 11.38 10.42     ~ 384 2
46 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6736 3
47 NGC 4494 GiP 12 31 24.0391348536 +25 46 30.071664120   10.55 9.74     ~ 462 0
48 M 88 Sy2 12 31 59.1525062448 +14 25 13.148971824   14.33 13.18     ~ 768 1
49 M 89 LIN 12 35 39.8073444 +12 33 22.830809 11.29 10.73 9.75     ~ 962 2
50 NGC 4565 LIN 12 36 20.804 +25 59 14.61   13.61 12.43     ~ 921 0
51 NGC 4564 GiG 12 36 26.9869512504 +11 26 21.204472848 12.51 12.05 11.12     ~ 578 1
52 NGC 4570 GiG 12 36 53.3828233728 +07 14 47.697174852   11.8       ~ 321 0
53 M 104 LIN 12 39 59.4302501832 -11 37 22.988264808 9.51 9.55 8.00 8.05   ~ 1338 3
54 M 59 GiG 12 42 02.2581375168 +11 38 48.909507756   11.0       ~ 675 0
55 NGC 4636 LIN 12 42 49.8333280080 +02 41 15.951929028   12.62 11.84     ~ 1080 1
56 M 60 GiP 12 43 39.9708251928 +11 33 09.688174056   10.3       ~ 1308 1
57 NGC 4698 Sy2 12 48 22.9082830584 +08 29 14.667552276   13.24 12.27     ~ 464 0
58 NGC 4697 GiG 12 48 35.8981498824 -05 48 02.482374564   10.97   9.83   ~ 835 0
59 M 94 SyG 12 50 53.0737971432 +41 07 12.900884628 9.15 8.96 8.24 7.78   ~ 1317 2
60 NGC 4754 GiP 12 52 17.563 +11 18 49.18   11.6       ~ 275 0
61 NGC 4762 LIN 12 52 56.049 +11 13 50.88   11.1       ~ 348 0
62 NGC 4772 LIN 12 53 29.1636448512 +02 10 06.146331708 12.29 11.96 11.04     ~ 237 1
63 IC 4296 AGN 13 36 39.03275288 -33 57 57.0783023   11.52 12.99 10.00   ~ 468 2
64 NGC 5576 GiP 14 21 03.691 +03 16 15.78 12.25 11.85 10.96     ~ 315 1
65 NGC 5638 GiP 14 29 40.3717451400 +03 13 59.987811648 12.57 12.14 11.20     ~ 235 2
66 NGC 5813 LIN 15 01 11.2302420864 +01 42 07.141569696 12.00 11.45 10.46 10.06   ~ 608 1
67 NGC 5838 GiP 15 05 26.2447857696 +02 05 57.349108392   12.1   10.26   ~ 230 0
68 NGC 5845 GiG 15 06 00.7823239488 +01 38 01.704838596   13.8 11.20 12.06 9.94 ~ 366 0
69 NGC 5846 BiC 15 06 29.253 +01 36 20.29   11.9   9.74   ~ 817 1
70 M 102 SyG 15 06 29.561 +55 45 47.91 11.12 10.74 9.89     ~ 527 3
71 NGC 6109 LIN 16 17 40.539 +35 00 15.17   14.9       ~ 174 2
72 3C 338.0 QSO 16 28 38.2446374616 +39 33 04.235250060   12.78 11.78     ~ 731 5
73 NAME Sgr A* X 17 45 40.03599 -29 00 28.1699           ~ 3953 3
74 NAME XTE J17464-3213 LXB 17 46 15.59637 -32 14 00.8600           ~ 675 0
75 NGC 6500 LIN 17 55 59.7825728688 +18 20 17.642346648   13.43 12.54     ~ 214 0
76 V* V404 Cyg HXB 20 24 03.8254458776 +33 52 01.962185735           G9/K0III/V 1189 0
77 NGC 7213 Sy1 22 09 16.2100443720 -47 10 00.115999716   10.97 12.08 10.50 10.6 ~ 626 0
78 UGC 12064 AGN 22 31 20.5885689288 +39 21 29.593072404   14.6       ~ 428 1
79 IC 1459 GiP 22 57 10.6071797352 -36 27 43.992307260   10.96 11.85 9.34 10.3 ~ 602 2
80 NGC 7626 rG 23 20 42.524 +08 13 01.43   12.8       ~ 414 1
81 NGC 7720 Sy1 23 38 29.3826586776 +27 01 53.266063332   13.9 13.3     ~ 523 4

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2022.09.28-02:11:10

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