Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 459, 4299-4324 (2016/July-2)
Chemical abundances and kinematics of barium stars.
DE CASTRO D.B., PEREIRA C.B., ROIG F., JILINSKI E., DRAKE N.A., CHAVERO C. and SALES SILVA J.V.
Abstract (from CDS):
In this paper, we present an homogeneous analysis of photospheric abundances based on high-resolution spectroscopy of a sample of 182 barium stars and candidates. We determined atmospheric parameters, spectroscopic distances, stellar masses, ages, luminosities and scaleheight, radial velocities, abundances of the Na, Al, α-elements, iron-peak elements, and s-process elements Y, Zr, La, Ce, and Nd. We employed the local thermodynamic equilibrium model atmospheres of Kurucz and the spectral analysis code moog. We found that the metallicities, the temperatures and the surface gravities for barium stars cannot be represented by a single Gaussian distribution. The abundances of α-elements and iron peak elements are similar to those of field giants with the same metallicity. Sodium presents some degree of enrichment in more evolved stars that could be attributed to the NeNa cycle. As expected, the barium stars show overabundance of the elements created by the s-process. By measuring the mean heavy-element abundance pattern as given by the ratio [s/Fe], we found that the barium stars present several degrees of enrichment. We also obtained the [hs/ls] ratio by measuring the photospheric abundances of the Ba-peak and the Zr-peak elements. Our results indicated that the [s/Fe] and the [hs/ls] ratios are strongly anticorrelated with the metallicity. Our kinematical analysis showed that 90 per cent of the barium stars belong to the thin disc population. Based on their luminosities, none of the barium stars are luminous enough to be an asymptotic giant branch star, nor to become self-enriched in the s-process elements. Finally, we determined that the barium stars also follow an age-metallicity relation.
© 2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances - stars: abundances - stars: AGB and post-AGB - binaries: general - stars: chemically peculiar - stars: evolution - stars: fundamental parameters - stars: fundamental parameters
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<Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/459/4299): table1.dat table2.dat table3.dat table4.dat table7.dat table8.dat table12.dat table16.dat>
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