SIMBAD references

2016MNRAS.458.1815W - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 458, 1815-1832 (2016/May-2)

A ram-pressure threshold for star formation.


Abstract (from CDS):

In turbulent fragmentation, star formation occurs in condensations created by converging flows. The condensations must be sufficiently massive, dense and cool to be gravitationally unstable, so that they start to contract; and they must then radiate away thermal energy fast enough for self-gravity to remain dominant, so that they continue to contract. For the metallicities and temperatures in local star-forming clouds, this second requirement is only met robustly when the gas couples thermally to the dust, because this delivers the capacity to radiate across the full bandwidth of the continuum, rather than just in a few discrete spectral lines. This translates into a threshold for vigorous star formation, which can be written as a minimum ram pressure PCRIT ∼ 4 x 10–11 dyne. PCRIT is independent of temperature, and corresponds to flows with molecular hydrogen number density and velocity vFLOW satisfying . This in turn corresponds to a minimum molecular hydrogen column density for vigorous star formation, (ΣCRIT ∼ 100 M pc–2), and a minimum visual extinction A_V, CRIT_ ∼ 9 mag. The characteristic diameter and line density for a star-forming filament when this threshold is just exceeded - a sweet spot for local star formation regions - are 2RFIL ∼ 0.1 pc and µFIL ∼ 13 M pc–2. The characteristic diameter and mass for a prestellar core condensing out of such a filament are 2RCORE ∼ 0.1 pc and MCORE ∼ 1 M. We also show that fragmentation of a shock-compressed layer is likely to commence while the convergent flows creating the layer are still ongoing, and we stress that, under this circumstance, the phenomenology and characteristic scales for fragmentation of the layer are fundamentally different from those derived traditionally for pre-existing layers.

Abstract Copyright: © 2016 The Author Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society

Journal keyword(s): hydrodynamics - instabilities - shock waves - stars: formation - ISM: kinematics and dynamics

CDS comments: © 2016 The Author Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society

Simbad objects: 6

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