SIMBAD references

2016ApJS..225...26K - Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 225, 26-26 (2016/August-0)

A search for very low-luminosity objects in Gould Belt clouds.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present the results of a search for Very Low-Luminosity Objects (VeLLOs) in the Gould Belt (GB) clouds using infrared and sub-millimeter (sub-mm) data from 1.25 to 850 µm and our {N}_{2}{H}^+ (J=1-0) observations. We modified the criteria by Dunham et al. to select the VeLLOs in the GB clouds, finding 95 VeLLO candidates, 79 of which are newly identified in this study. Out of 95 sources, 44 were detected in both sub-mm continuum and {N}_{2}{H}^+ emission and were classified as Group A (the VeLLOs), and 51 sources detected in either sub-mm emission or {N}_{2}{H}^+ emission were classified with Group B as candidate VeLLOs. We find that these VeLLOs and the candidates are forming in environments different from those of the likely VeLLOs. Seventy-eight sources are embedded within their molecular clouds, and thus are likely VeLLOs forming in a dense environment. The remaining 17 sources are located in low-level extinction regions ({A}_{V}\lt 1) connected to the clouds, and can be either background sources or candidate substellar objects forming in an isolated mode. The VeLLOs and the candidates are likely more luminous and their envelopes tend to be more massive in denser environments. The VeLLOs and the candidates are more populous in the clouds where more YSOs form, indicating that they form in a manner similar to that of normal YSOs. The bolometric luminosities and temperatures of the VeLLOs are compared to predictions of episodic accretion models, showing that the low luminosities for most VeLLOs can be well explained by their status in the quiescent phases of a cycle of episodic mass accretion.

Abstract Copyright: © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): catalogs - infrared: ISM - stars: formation - stars: formation

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJS/225/26): sources.dat table1.dat table2.dat table3.dat table4.dat table5.dat>

Status at CDS : All or part of tables of objects will not be ingested in SIMBAD.

Simbad objects: 51

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