2016ApJS..222...10S


Query : 2016ApJS..222...10S

2016ApJS..222...10S - Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 222, 10 (2016/January-0)

Supermassive black holes and their host spheroids. I. Disassembling galaxies.

SAVORGNAN G.A.D. and GRAHAM A.W.

Abstract (from CDS):

Several recent studies have performed galaxy decompositions to investigate correlations between the black hole mass and various properties of the host spheroid, but they have not converged on the same conclusions. This is because their models for the same galaxy were often significantly different and not consistent with each other in terms of fitted components. Using 3.6 µm Spitzer imagery, which is a superb tracer of the stellar mass (superior to the K band), we have performed state-of-the-art multicomponent decompositions for 66 galaxies with directly measured black hole masses. Our sample is the largest to date and, unlike previous studies, contains a large number (17) of spiral galaxies with low black hole masses. We paid careful attention to the image mosaicking, sky subtraction, and masking of contaminating sources. After a scrupulous inspection of the galaxy photometry (through isophotal analysis and unsharp masking) and–for the first time–2D kinematics, we were able to account for spheroids; large-scale, intermediate-scale, and nuclear disks; bars; rings; spiral arms; halos; extended or unresolved nuclear sources; and partially depleted cores. For each individual galaxy, we compared our best-fit model with previous studies, explained the discrepancies, and identified the optimal decomposition. Moreover, we have independently performed one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) decompositions and concluded that, at least when modeling large, nearby galaxies, 1D techniques have more advantages than 2D techniques. Finally, we developed a prescription to estimate the uncertainties on the 1D best-fit parameters for the 66 spheroids that takes into account systematic errors, unlike popular 2D codes that only consider statistical errors.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): black hole physics - galaxies: bulges - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: structure

Simbad objects: 82

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Number of rows : 82
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 M 32 IG 00 42 41.825 +40 51 54.61 9.51 9.03 8.08     ~ 2095 2
2 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 11895 1
3 NGC 253 SyG 00 47 33.134 -25 17 19.68   8.03   6.94 8.1 ~ 3151 2
4 NGC 300 GiG 00 54 53.4465638304 -37 41 03.168402396 8.83 8.69 8.13 7.46   ~ 1412 2
5 NGC 524 GiP 01 24 47.7429545736 +09 32 20.089023900   11.5       ~ 444 1
6 NGC 821 G 02 08 21.1358498040 +10 59 41.832436704   12.210 11.310 10.739 9.744 ~ 556 0
7 NGC 1023 IG 02 40 24.0133575864 +39 03 47.663392896 10.91 10.35 9.35 7.83   ~ 634 2
8 M 77 GiP 02 42 40.7091669408 -00 00 47.859690204 9.70 9.61 8.87 10.1 9.9 ~ 4351 2
9 NGC 1300 GiP 03 19 41.0462219928 -19 24 40.187565432   11.16 10.42 9.90 10.7 ~ 485 0
10 NGC 1316 GiP 03 22 41.789 -37 12 29.52 9.81 9.15 8.53 7.66   ~ 1296 1
11 NGC 1332 GiP 03 26 17.321 -21 20 07.33   11.45   9.84   ~ 324 0
12 NGC 1374 GiP 03 35 16.5885737352 -35 13 34.563417168 12.46 11.97 11.08 10.59   ~ 270 1
13 NGC 1399 BiC 03 38 29.083 -35 27 02.67 11.05 9.74 9.59 8.12   ~ 1515 1
14 ACO S 373 ClG 03 38 30 -35 27.3           ~ 1699 0
15 NGC 2273 Sy2 06 50 08.6691789600 +60 50 44.864645136   14.50 13.54     ~ 496 3
16 UGC 3789 Sy2 07 19 30.892 +59 21 18.48   13.3       ~ 123 0
17 NGC 2549 G 08 18 58.3507032336 +57 48 11.022298740   12.1       ~ 241 0
18 NGC 2778 GiP 09 12 24.3741783168 +35 01 39.140496840   13.1       ~ 273 0
19 NGC 2787 LIN 09 19 18.6046606656 +69 12 11.630716128   12.92 11.79     ~ 334 0
20 NGC 2974 Sy2 09 42 33.2918467632 -03 41 57.038311068   12.19   10.77   ~ 424 0
21 M 81 Sy2 09 55 33.1726556496 +69 03 55.062505368   7.89 6.94     ~ 4201 3
22 NGC 3091 BiC 10 00 14.125 -19 38 11.32   12.04 10.61 10.56 9.25 ~ 173 0
23 NGC 3079 Sy2 10 01 57.8789863992 +55 40 47.449758324 11.57 11.54 10.86     ~ 1321 3
24 NGC 3115 GiG 10 05 13.9270507008 -07 43 06.982712292   11   9.37   ~ 975 2
25 IC 2560 Sy2 10 16 18.7073057664 -33 33 49.720274676   12.53 13.31 11.25 12.2 ~ 243 0
26 NGC 3227 GiP 10 23 30.5765149296 +19 51 54.282206700   12.61 11.79     ~ 1620 1
27 NGC 3245 GiP 10 27 18.3864983136 +28 30 26.621599932   11.6       ~ 331 0
28 M 96 GiP 10 46 45.744 +11 49 11.78 10.42 10.15 9.25 8.99   ~ 783 1
29 NGC 3377 GiP 10 47 42.400 +13 59 08.30 11.55 11.24 10.38     ~ 751 1
30 M 105 LIN 10 47 49.600 +12 34 53.87   10.56 9.76 9.12 8.18 ~ 1424 0
31 NGC 3384 GiG 10 48 16.8855574392 +12 37 45.371165844   10.0       ~ 572 1
32 NGC 3393 Sy2 10 48 23.4653152920 -25 09 43.487648784   13.10 13.95 11.67 12.2 ~ 387 1
33 NGC 3414 GiP 10 51 16.2099174408 +27 58 30.297624852   12.1       ~ 312 0
34 NGC 3489 GiG 11 00 18.5483994744 +13 54 04.206202668 11.46 11.12 10.29     ~ 384 1
35 NGC 3585 GiG 11 13 17.109 -26 45 17.96   10.64   9.22   ~ 271 0
36 [VV2006] J111654.8+180304 QSO 11 16 54.657 +18 03 06.51   13.84 12.76     ~ 451 0
37 NGC 3608 LIN 11 16 58.967 +18 08 54.71   11.7       ~ 493 0
38 NAME Leo Cluster ClG 11 30.0 +15 00           ~ 51 0
39 NGC 3842 BiC 11 44 02.155 +19 56 59.37 14.22 13.70 11.82 12.04   ~ 267 3
40 ACO 1367 ClG 11 44 44.6 +19 41 59           ~ 1041 1
41 NGC 3998 SyG 11 57 56.1334044408 +55 27 12.922443432   11.64 12.10 10.09   ~ 609 2
42 NGC 4026 GiP 11 59 25.0914676128 +50 57 41.951225700   12.17       ~ 249 0
43 NGC 4151 Sy1 12 10 32.5759813872 +39 24 21.063527532   12.18 11.48     ~ 3532 2
44 M 106 Sy2 12 18 57.620 +47 18 13.39   9.14 8.41 8.11   ~ 2241 3
45 NGC 4261 LIN 12 19 23.2160630 +05 49 29.700024   13.92 12.87     ~ 1174 0
46 NGC 4291 GiG 12 20 17.699 +75 22 15.47   17.0       ~ 290 1
47 NGC 4342 GiP 12 23 39.0032044488 +07 03 14.359499100   13.0       ~ 298 0
48 M 84 Sy2 12 25 03.74333 +12 53 13.1393 12.67 12.09 10.49     ~ 1703 2
49 NGC 4388 Sy2 12 25 46.820 +12 39 43.45 11.91 11.76 11.02     ~ 1266 2
50 NAME Virgo Cluster ClG 12 26 32.1 +12 43 24           ~ 6290 0
51 NGC 4459 H2G 12 29 00.0329905416 +13 58 42.826603332   11.6       ~ 516 0
52 M 49 Sy2 12 29 46.798 +08 00 01.48   13.21 12.17     ~ 2029 2
53 NGC 4473 GiG 12 29 48.878 +13 25 45.55 11.60 11.16 10.20     ~ 623 1
54 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6707 3
55 UGC 7658 GiG 12 30 57.7095721176 +12 16 13.316512872   11.2 11.59 12.02   ~ 220 1
56 M 89 LIN 12 35 39.8073444 +12 33 22.830809 11.29 10.73 9.75     ~ 962 2
57 NGC 4564 GiG 12 36 26.9869512504 +11 26 21.204472848 12.51 12.05 11.12     ~ 578 1
58 NGC 4596 GiP 12 39 55.9544722920 +10 10 34.185047628   12.4       ~ 350 0
59 M 104 LIN 12 39 59.4302501832 -11 37 22.988264808 9.51 9.55 8.00 8.05   ~ 1336 3
60 M 59 GiG 12 42 02.2581375168 +11 38 48.909507756   11.0       ~ 675 0
61 M 60 GiP 12 43 39.9708251928 +11 33 09.688174056   10.3       ~ 1306 1
62 NGC 4697 GiG 12 48 35.8981498824 -05 48 02.482374564   10.97   9.83   ~ 835 0
63 M 94 SyG 12 50 53.0737971432 +41 07 12.900884628 9.15 8.96 8.24 7.78   ~ 1311 2
64 M 64 SyG 12 56 43.696 +21 40 57.57   9.36 8.52     ~ 881 2
65 ACO 1656 ClG 12 59 48.7 +27 58 50           ~ 4532 2
66 NGC 4889 EmG 13 00 08.097 +27 58 37.29 12.93 13.0 11.30 11.652 10.906 ~ 676 1
67 NGC 4945 Sy2 13 05 27.279 -49 28 04.44   9.31 14.40 7.55   ~ 1377 2
68 NGC 5077 GiP 13 19 31.6697719944 -12 39 25.086455856   13.87 12.85 11.30   ~ 281 0
69 NAME Centaurus A Sy2 13 25 27.6039817176 -43 01 09.493008456   8.18 6.84 6.66   ~ 4264 3
70 IC 4296 AGN 13 36 39.03275288 -33 57 57.0783023   11.52 12.99 10.00   ~ 467 2
71 NAME Circinus Galaxy Sy2 14 13 09.906 -65 20 20.47   10.89 9.84 10.6 10.0 ~ 1098 2
72 NGC 5576 GiP 14 21 03.691 +03 16 15.78 12.25 11.85 10.96     ~ 314 1
73 NGC 5813 LIN 15 01 11.2302420864 +01 42 07.141569696 12.00 11.45 10.46 10.06   ~ 608 1
74 NGC 5845 GiG 15 06 00.7823239488 +01 38 01.704838596   13.8 11.20 12.06 9.94 ~ 366 0
75 NGC 5846 BiC 15 06 29.253 +01 36 20.29   11.9   9.74   ~ 817 1
76 NGC 6251 Sy2 16 32 31.9740654384 +82 32 16.403167068 15.24 14.66 12.89 7.62   ~ 696 0
77 NGC 7052 rG 21 18 33.0441963648 +26 26 49.174586196 15.52 14.85 13.09     ~ 311 1
78 IC 1459 GiP 22 57 10.6071797352 -36 27 43.992307260   10.96 11.85 9.34 10.3 ~ 602 2
79 NGC 7582 GiP 23 18 23.621 -42 22 14.06 11.62 10.92 10.62     ~ 860 2
80 NGC 7619 GiG 23 20 14.524 +08 12 22.63   12.7       ~ 425 0
81 NGC 7768 BiC 23 50 58.5485212104 +27 08 50.446633668   14.0 14.23     ~ 177 0
82 NAME Galactic Bulge reg ~ ~           ~ 3901 0

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2022.08.18-04:40:14

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