2016ApJ...833..231T


Query : 2016ApJ...833..231T

2016ApJ...833..231T - Astrophys. J., 833, 231-231 (2016/December-3)

A systematic study of mid-infrared emission from core-collapse supernovae with SPIRITS.

TINYANONT S., KASLIWAL M.M., FOX O.D., LAU R., SMITH N., WILLIAMS R., JENCSON J., PERLEY D., DYKHOFF D., GEHRZ R., JOHANSSON J., VAN DYK S.D., MASCI F., CODY A.M. and PRINCE T.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present a systematic study of mid-infrared emission from 141 nearby supernovae (SNe) observed with Spitzer/IRAC as part of the ongoing SPIRITS survey. We detect 8 Type Ia and 36 core-collapse SNe. All Type Ia/Ibc SNe become undetectable within three years of explosion, whereas 22 ± 11% of Type II SNe continue to be detected. Five Type II SNe are detected even two decades after discovery (SN 1974E, 1979C, 1980K, 1986J, and 1993J). Warm dust luminosity, temperature, and a lower limit on mass are obtained by fitting the two IRAC bands, assuming an optically thin dust shell. We derive warm dust masses between 10–6 and 10–2 M and dust color temperatures between 200 and 1280 K. This observed warm dust could be pre-existing or newly created, but in either case represents a lower limit to the dust mass because cooler dust may be present. We present three case studies of extreme SNe. SN 2011ja (II-P) was over-luminous ([4.5] = -15.6 mag) at 900 days post explosion with increasing hot dust mass, suggesting either an episode of dust formation or intensifying circumstellar material (CSM) interactions heating up pre-existing dust. SN 2014bi (II-P) showed a factor of 10 decrease in dust mass over one month, suggesting either dust destruction or reduced dust heating. The IR luminosity of SN 2014C (Ib) stayed constant over 800 days, possibly due to strong CSM interaction with an H-rich shell, which is rare among stripped-envelope SNe. The observations suggest that this CSM shell originated from an LBV-like eruption roughly 100 years pre-explosion. The observed diversity demonstrates the power of mid-IR observations of a large sample of SNe.

Abstract Copyright: © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): supernovae: general - supernovae: individual: (SN 2011ja, SN 2014C, SN 2014bi) - supernovae: individual: SN 2011ja, SN 2014C, SN 2014bi

Simbad objects: 103

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Number of rows : 103
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 SN 2002ic SN* 01 30 02.55 +21 53 06.9     18.5     SNIapec 228 1
2 M 74 G 01 36 41.7451236624 +15 47 01.107512304 10.52 10.00 9.46 9.16   ~ 1596 1
3 SN 2003gd SN* 01 36 42.65 +15 44 19.9     13.2     SNIIP 230 2
4 SN 2013ej SN* 01 36 48.16 +15 45 31.0           SNIIP 168 0
5 SN 1986J SN* 02 22 31.33 +42 19 56.4   18.4 18.4     SNII 314 1
6 NGC 891 H2G 02 22 32.907 +42 20 53.95 11.08 10.81 9.93 7.86   ~ 1608 2
7 SN 2005gj SN* 03 01 11.96 -00 33 13.9   18.6       SNIapec 189 1
8 SN 2014df SN* 03 44 23.99 -44 40 08.1           SNIb 9 1
9 NGC 1448 GiG 03 44 31.915 -44 38 41.38   11.46   10.24 10.9 ~ 246 0
10 SN 2003hn SN* 03 44 36.1 -44 37 49     14.1     SNIIP 58 1
11 NGC 1559 GiG 04 17 35.7508602240 -62 47 01.251567384   11.19 10.45 10.11 10.4 ~ 258 1
12 SN 2005df SN* 04 17 37.85 -62 46 09.5     13.8     SNIa 63 1
13 M 1 SNR 05 34 32 +22 00.8           ~ 5978 1
14 SN 1987A SN* 05 35 28.020 -69 16 11.07           SNIIpec 4764 2
15 SN 2013ai SN* 06 16 18.35 -21 22 32.9           SNII 17 1
16 NGC 2207 IG 06 16 22.0336889136 -21 22 21.759218400   11.48 10.65 10.21 11.9 ~ 277 3
17 NGC 2403 AGN 07 36 51.3381434280 +65 36 09.650825640 9.31 8.84 8.38 8.19   ~ 1716 1
18 2MASS J07371703+6535579 HXB 07 37 17.0432126424 +65 35 57.826001220           SNIIP 259 1
19 ESO 209-9 GiG 07 58 15.009 -49 51 05.08   12.68   12.1 11.8 ~ 70 0
20 SN 2005ae SN* 07 58 15.84 -49 51 19.9     17.5     SNIIb 9 1
21 ESO 494-26 GiG 08 06 11.0882500560 -27 31 41.555016984   12.47   10.84   ~ 49 1
22 SN 2006mq SN* 08 06 12.39 -27 33 45.4     12.7     SNIa 16 1
23 SN 2011B SN* 08 55 48.10 +78 13 01.6           SNIa 20 1
24 SN 2006jc SN* 09 17 20.78 +41 54 32.7     13.8     SNIbn 314 1
25 SN 1993J SN* 09 55 24.77476 +69 01 13.7026   10.8 12.0     SNIIb 1354 1
26 M 81 Sy2 09 55 33.1726556496 +69 03 55.062505368   7.89 6.94     ~ 4245 3
27 SN 2014J SN* 09 55 42.12 +69 40 25.9           SNIa 374 1
28 CXOU J095546.6+694037 HXB 09 55 46.6536476856 +69 40 37.899496056           SNIIP 47 1
29 SN 2008iz SN* 09 55 51.55 +69 40 45.8           SNII: 56 1
30 M 82 IG 09 55 52.430 +69 40 46.93 9.61 9.30 8.41     ~ 5658 6
31 SN 2013ee SN* 10 01 56.830 +55 41 44.00           SNII 3 0
32 NGC 3079 Sy2 10 01 57.8789863992 +55 40 47.449758324 11.57 11.54 10.86     ~ 1337 3
33 SN 1999bw SN* 10 19 46.81 +45 31 35.0     17.8     SNIIn? 58 2
34 NGC 3198 EmG 10 19 54.990 +45 32 58.88 10.83 10.87 10.33     ~ 866 1
35 NGC 3344 EmG 10 43 31.150 +24 55 19.99 10.38 10.54 9.86 9.71   ~ 378 1
36 SN 2012fh SN* 10 43 34.05 +24 53 29.0           SNIc: 32 1
37 SN 2012aw SN* 10 43 53.735 +11 40 17.63       15   SNIIP 174 1
38 M 95 GiP 10 43 57.7313485800 +11 42 13.301191332 10.71 10.51 9.73 9.48   ~ 1046 2
39 WRAY 15-682 WR* 10 53 59.5777329720 -60 26 44.361095316   11.64 10.85 10.56   WN11h 144 3
40 M 65 GiP 11 18 55.9084654776 +13 05 32.300703672   9.6       ~ 431 1
41 SN 2013am SN* 11 18 56.95 +13 03 49.4           SNII 32 1
42 SN 1997bs ev 11 20 14.25 +12 58 19.6     17.13     SNIIn? 117 1
43 M 66 GiP 11 20 15.026 +12 59 28.64 9.85 9.65 8.92     ~ 1290 4
44 SN 2009hd SN* 11 20 16.99 +12 58 46.3           SNII 53 1
45 SN 2006bp SN* 11 53 55.74 +52 21 09.4 14.5 15.8 14.7     SNIIP 167 1
46 SN 2013dk SN* 12 01 52.72 -18 52 18.3           SNIc 20 1
47 SN 2007sr SN* 12 01 52.80 -18 58 21.7     12.79     SNIa 83 1
48 NGC 4038 GiP 12 01 53.002 -18 52 03.32   10.91   9.74 11.0 ~ 1311 1
49 SN 1974E SN* 12 01 57 -18 52.5   14.0 14.0     ~ 16 1
50 NGC 4051 Sy1 12 03 09.6101337312 +44 31 52.682601288   11.08 12.92 9.94   ~ 2102 1
51 SN 2010br SN* 12 03 10.95 +44 31 43.1           SNIb/c 21 1
52 NGC 4096 GiG 12 06 01.161 +47 28 42.09   11.61   10.86   ~ 238 0
53 SN 2014bi SN* 12 06 02.99 +47 29 33.5           SNIIP 11 1
54 SN 2003J SN* 12 10 57.72 +50 28 31.8     16.7     SNIIP 22 1
55 NGC 4157 GiP 12 11 04.365 +50 29 04.85 12.48 12.15 11.35     ~ 335 2
56 SN 2014L SN* 12 18 48.68 +14 24 43.5           SNIc 17 1
57 M 99 H2G 12 18 49.625 +14 24 59.36 10.45 10.44 9.87     ~ 857 2
58 SN 2014bc SN* 12 18 57.71 +47 18 11.3           SNIIP 18 1
59 M 61 Sy2 12 21 54.9282582888 +04 28 25.597367184 10.07 10.18 9.65     ~ 946 2
60 SN 2006ov SN* 12 21 55.30 +04 29 16.7     14.9     SNIIP 63 1
61 SN 2014dt SN* 12 21 57.57 +04 28 18.5           SNIapec 45 1
62 SN 2006X SN* 12 22 53.93 +15 48 32.0     15.3     SNIa 307 1
63 M 100 AGN 12 22 54.9299993592 +15 49 20.296257960 10.04 10.05 9.35     ~ 1757 2
64 SN 1979C SN* 12 22 58.58 +15 47 52.7   11.6       SNIIL 565 1
65 NGC 4414 GiG 12 26 27.1276893168 +31 13 24.626206488 11.12 10.96 10.12     ~ 547 2
66 SN 2013df SN* 12 26 29.33 +31 13 38.3           SNIIb 95 1
67 NGC 4419 LIN 12 26 56.4505296720 +15 02 50.688833388 12.42 12.08 11.16     ~ 383 2
68 SN 2012cc SN* 12 26 56.81 +15 02 45.5           SNII 5 1
69 NGC 4424 H2G 12 27 11.5741235616 +09 25 14.330453700   13.1       ~ 329 0
70 SN 2012cg SN* 12 27 12.83 +09 25 13.2           SNIa 164 1
71 NGC 4527 GiP 12 34 08.496 +02 39 13.72   12.4       ~ 517 2
72 SN 2004gn SN* 12 34 12.10 +02 39 34.4     16.6     SNIc 26 1
73 NGC 4568 GiP 12 36 34.292 +11 14 19.07   12.11 11.19     ~ 365 2
74 SN 2004cc SN* 12 36 34.40 +11 14 32.8     17.5     SNIc 36 1
75 SN 2004W SN* 12 43 36.52 +11 31 50.8     18.8     SNIa 23 1
76 SN 2005af SN* 13 04 44.06 -49 33 59.8     12.8     SNIIP 54 1
77 SN 2011ja SN* 13 05 11.12 -49 31 27.0           SNIIP 35 0
78 NGC 4945 Sy2 13 05 27.279 -49 28 04.44   9.31 14.40 7.55   ~ 1391 2
79 M 51 GiP 13 29 52.698 +47 11 42.93   9.26 8.36 8.40   ~ 4140 4
80 SN 2005cs SN* 13 29 53.37 +47 10 28.2   14.5       SNIIP 377 1
81 SN 2011dh SN* 13 30 05.10555 +47 10 10.9227           SNIIb 348 1
82 SN 2011fe SN* 14 03 05.711 +54 16 25.22   10.12 10.06     SNIa 610 1
83 M 101 GiP 14 03 12.583 +54 20 55.50   8.46 7.86 7.76   ~ 2752 2
84 SN 2007it SN* 14 18 25.63 -43 22 53.8     13.5     SNII 43 1
85 NGC 5530 G 14 18 27.10 -43 23 14.8   11.78 11.00 10.84 11.4 ~ 83 0
86 NAME Sgr A East Rad 17 45 41 -29 00.8           ~ 478 2
87 HD 168625 s*b 18 21 19.5484021368 -16 22 26.075142156 10.15 9.78 8.37 8.76   B6Iap 269 2
88 V* RY Sct Be* 18 25 31.4771300232 -12 41 24.192361500 10.25 10.38 9.12 9.46   O9.7Ibep 295 2
89 V* V481 Sct s*b 18 33 55.2781965336 -06 58 38.631350604           LBV_B[e]: 48 0
90 LS IV +00 5 WR* 18 52 17.5478270448 +00 59 44.304835128       13.77 12.25 WN10 43 0
91 NGC 6744 GiG 19 09 46.1335950504 -63 51 26.897079024   9.28 8.25 8.08 9.6 ~ 256 0
92 SN 2005at SN* 19 09 53.57 -63 49 22.8     14.3     SNIc 30 1
93 SN 2008S ev 20 34 45.33 +60 05 58.4   19.89 18.79 17.93   SNIIn? 229 1
94 NGC 6946 H2G 20 34 52.332 +60 09 13.24   10.5       ~ 2409 2
95 SN 2004et SN* 20 35 25.33 +60 07 17.7   12.88       SNIIP 457 1
96 SN 1980K SN* 20 35 30.07 +60 06 23.7   11.6       SNIIL 450 1
97 SN 2001em SN* 21 42 23.6093 +12 29 50.300     18.6     SNIc: 80 1
98 SN 1999ex SN* 22 16 07.27 -36 50 53.7   17.35       SNIb 135 2
99 SN 2013bu SN* 22 37 02.17 +34 24 05.2           SNIIP 14 1
100 NGC 7331 LIN 22 37 04.0506038088 +34 24 56.800076508 10.65 10.35 9.48     ~ 1183 2
101 SN 2014C SN* 22 37 05.60 +34 24 31.9           SNIb 95 1
102 NAME Cas A SNR 23 23 24.000 +58 48 54.00     14.30     ~ 2647 1
103 SN 2007od SN* 23 55 48.68 +18 24 54.8       14.4   SNIIP 121 1

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2022.12.07-11:38:25

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