Astrophys. J., 818, 136 (2016/February-3)
Fe line diagnostics of cataclysmic variables and galactic ridge X-ray emission.
XU X.-J., WANG Q.D. and LI X.-D.
Abstract (from CDS):
The properties of the Galactic Ridge X-ray Emission (GRXE) observed in the 2-10 keV band place fundamental constraints on various types of X-ray sources in the Milky Way. Although the primarily discrete origin of the emission is now well established, the responsible populations of these sources remain uncertain, especially at relatively low fluxes. To provide insights into this issue, we systematically characterize the Fe emission line properties of the candidate types of the sources in the solar neighborhood and compare them with those measured for the GRXE. Our source sample includes 6 symbiotic stars, 16 intermediate polars (IPs), 3 polars, 16 quiescent dwarf novae, and 4 active binaries (ABs); they are all observed with the Suzaku X-ray Observatory. The data of about one-fourth of these sources are analyzed for the first time. We find that the mean equivalent width (EW6.7) of the 6.7 keV line and the mean 7.0/6.7 keV line ratio are 107±16.0 eV and 0.71±0.04 for IPs and 221±135 eV and 0.44±0.14 for polars, respectively, which are all substantially different from those (490±15 eV and 0.2±0.08) for the GRXE. Instead, the GRXE values are better agreed by the EW6.7(438±84.6 eV) and the ratio (0.27±0.06) observed for the DNe. We further find that the EW6.7 is strongly correlated with the 2-10 keV luminosity of the DNe, which can be characterized by the relation EW6.7 = (438 ± 95 eV)(L/1031 erg/s)[–0.31±0.15). Accounting for this correlation, the agreement can be improved further, especially when the contributions from other class sources to the GRXE are considered, which all have low EW6.7values. We conclude that the GRXE mostly consists of typically faint but numerous DNe, plus ABs, while magnetic cataclysmic variables are probably mainly the high-flux representatives of the responsible populations and dominate the GRXE only in harder energy bands.
Galaxy: bulge - novae, cataclysmic variables - X-rays: binaries
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