Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 449, 1593-1604 (2015/May-2)
On the origins of CIV absorption profile diversity in broad absorption line quasars.
BASKIN A., LAOR A. and HAMANN F.
Abstract (from CDS):
There is a large diversity in the Civ broad absorption line (BAL) profile among BAL quasars (BALQs). We quantify this diversity by exploring the distribution of the Civ BAL properties, full width at half-maximum (FWHM), maximum depth of absorption and its velocity shift (vmd), using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey DR7 quasar catalogue. We find the following: (i) Although the median Civ BAL profile in the quasar rest-frame becomes broader and shallower as the UV continuum slope (αUV at 1700-3000Å) gets bluer, the median individual profile in the absorber rest-frame remains identical, and is narrow (FWHM = 3500 km/s) and deep. Only 4 percent of BALs have FWHM > 10000 km/s. (ii) As the HeII emission equivalent width (EW) decreases, the distributions of FWHM and vmd extend to larger values, and the median maximum depth increases. These trends are consistent with theoretical models in which softer ionizing continua reduce overionization, and allow radiative acceleration of faster BAL outflows. (iii) As αUV becomes bluer, the distribution of vmd extends to larger values. This trend may imply faster outflows at higher latitudes above the accretion disc plane. (iv) For non-BALQs, the Civ emission line decreases with decreasing HeII EW, and becomes more asymmetric and blueshifted. This suggests an increasing relative contribution of emission from the BAL outflow to the Civ emission line as the ionizing spectral energy distribution (SED) gets softer, which is consistent with the increasing fraction of BALQs as the ionizing SED gets softer.
© 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2015)
galaxies: active - quasars: absorption lines - quasars: general
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<Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/449/1593): table1.dat>
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