Kiloparsec-scale jets in three radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies.
RICHARDS J.L. and LISTER M.L.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have discovered kiloparsec-scale extended radio emission in three narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s) in sub-arcsecond resolution 9 GHz images from the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array. We find all sources show two-sided, mildly core-dominated jet structures with diffuse lobes dominated by termination hotspots. These span 20-70 kpc with morphologies reminiscent of FR II radio galaxies, while the extended radio luminosities are intermediate between FR I and FR II sources. In two cases the structure is linear, while a 45° bend is apparent in the third. Very Long Baseline Array images at 7.6 GHz reveal parsec-scale jet structures, in two cases with extended structure aligned with the inner regions of the kiloparsec-scale jets. Based on this alignment, the ratio of the radio core-luminosity to the optical luminosity, the jet/counter-jet intensity and extension length ratios, and moderate core brightness temperatures (≲ 1010 K), we conclude these jets are mildly relativistic (β ≲ 0.3, δ ∼ 1 -1.5) and aligned at moderately small angles to the line of sight (10-15°). The derived kinematic ages of ∼ 106-107 yr are much younger than radio galaxies but comparable to other NLS1s. Our results increase the number of radio-loud NLS1s with known kiloparsec-scale extensions from 7 to 10 and suggest that such extended emission may be common, at least among the brightest of these sources.
galaxies: active - galaxies: individual: (J0953+2836, J1435+3131, J1722+5654) - galaxies: jets - galaxies: Seyfert - radio continuum: galaxies