Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 444, 3571-3580 (2014/November-2)
Discovery of SXP 265, a Be/X-ray binary pulsar in the Wing of the Small Magellanic Cloud.
STURM R., HABERL F., VASILOPOULOS G., BARTLETT E.S., MAGGI P., RAU A., GREINER J. and UDALSKI A.
Abstract (from CDS):
We identify a new candidate for a Be/X-ray binary in the XMM-Newton slew survey and archival Swift observations that is located in the transition region of the Wing of the Small Magellanic Cloud and the Magellanic Bridge. We investigated and classified this source with follow-up XMM-Newton and optical observations. We model the X-ray spectra and search for periodicities and variability in the X-ray observations and the Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment I-band light curve. The optical counterpart has been classified spectroscopically, with data obtained at the South African Astronomical Observatory 1.9m telescope, and photometrically, with data obtained using the Gamma-ray Burst Optical Near-ir Detector at the MPG 2.2m telescope. The X-ray spectrum is typical of a high-mass X-ray binary with an accreting neutron star. We detect X-ray pulsations, which reveal a neutron-star spin period of Ps = (264.516±0.014)s. The source likely shows a persistent X-ray luminosity of a few 1035erg/s and in addition type-I outbursts that indicate an orbital period of ∼ 146d. A periodicity of 0.867d, found in the optical light curve, can be explained by non-radial pulsations of the Be star. We identify the optical counterpart and classify it as a B1-2II-IVe star. This confirms SXP 265 as a new Be/X-ray binary pulsar originating in the tidal structure between the Magellanic Clouds.
© 2014 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2014)
stars: emission-line, Be - stars: neutron - pulsars: individual: SXP 265 - galaxies: individual: Small Magellanic Cloud - galaxies: stellar content - X-rays: binaries
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