SIMBAD references

2014ApJ...787...67D - Astrophys. J., 787, 67 (2014/May-3)

The quiescent counterpart of the peculiar X-ray burster SAX J2224.9+5421.


Abstract (from CDS):

SAX J2224.9+5421 is an extraordinary neutron star low-mass X-ray binary. It was discovered when it was exhibiting a ≃ 10 s long thermonuclear X-ray burst, but it had faded to a 0.5-10 keV luminosity of LX ≲ 8x1032(D/7.1 kpc)2 erg/s only ≃ 8 hr later. It is generally assumed that neutron stars are quiescent (i.e., not accreting) at such intensity, raising questions about the trigger conditions of the X-ray burst and the origin of the faint persistent emission. We report on a ≃51 ks XMM-Newton observation aimed at finding clues explaining the unusual behavior of SAX J2224.9+5421. We identify a likely counterpart that is detected at LX≃ 5x1031(D/7.1 kpc)2 erg/s (0.5-10 keV) and has a soft X-ray spectrum that can be described by a neutron star atmosphere model with a temperature of kT ≃ 50 eV. This would suggest that SAX J2224.9+5421 is a transient source that was in quiescence during our XMM-Newton observation and experienced a very faint (ceasing) accretion outburst at the time of the X-ray burst detection. We consider one other potential counterpart that is detected at LX≃ 5x1032(D/7.1 kpc)2 erg/s and displays an X-ray spectrum that is best described by a power law with a photon index of Γ ≃ 1.7. Similarly hard X-ray spectra are seen for a few quiescent neutron stars and may be indicative of a relatively strong magnetic field or the occurrence of low-level accretion.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): accretion, accretion disks - stars: individual: SAX J2224.9+5421 - stars: neutron - X-rays: binaries

Nomenclature: Table 1: [DWM2014] N N=8.

Simbad objects: 19

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