Astron. J., 148, 83 (2014/November-0)
High-resolution spectroscopic observations of binary stars and yellow stragglers in three open clusters : NGC 2360, NGC 3680, and NGC 5822.
SALES SILVA J.V., PENA SUAREZ V.J., KATIME SANTRICH O.J., PEREIRA C.B., DRAKE N.A. and ROIG F.
Abstract (from CDS):
Binary stars in open clusters are very useful targets in constraining the nucleosynthesis process. The luminosities of the stars are known because the distances of the clusters are also known, so chemical peculiarities can be linked directly to the evolutionary status of a star. In addition, binary stars offer the opportunity to verify a relationship between them and the straggler population in both globular and open clusters. We carried out a detailed spectroscopic analysis to derive the atmospheric parameters for 16 red giants in binary systems and the chemical composition of 11 of them in the open clusters NGC 2360, NGC 3680, and NGC 5822. We obtained abundances of C, N, O, Na, Mg, Al, Ca, Si, Ti, Ni, Cr, Y, Zr, La, Ce, and Nd. The atmospheric parameters of the studied stars and their chemical abundances were determined using high-resolution optical spectroscopy. We employ the local thermodynamic equilibrium model atmospheres of Kurucz and the spectral analysis code MOOG. The abundances of the light elements were derived using the spectral synthesis technique. We found that the stars NGC 2360-92 and 96, NGC 3680-34, and NGC 5822-4 and 312 are yellow straggler stars. We show that the spectra of NGC 5822-4 and 312 present evidence of contamination by an A-type star as a secondary star. For the other yellow stragglers, evidence of contamination is given by the broad wings of the Hα. Detection of yellow straggler stars is important because the observed number can be compared with the number predicted by simulations of binary stellar evolution in open clusters. We also found that the other binary stars are not s-process enriched, which may suggest that in these binaries the secondary star is probably a faint main-sequence object. The lack of any s-process enrichment is very useful in setting constraints for the number of white dwarfs in the open cluster, a subject that is related to the birthrate of these kinds of stars in open clusters and also to the age of a cluster. Finally, rotational velocities were also determined and their values were compared with those already determined for field giant stars.
open clusters and associations: individual: (NGC 2360, NGC 3680, NGC 5822) - stars: abundances - stars: fundamental parameters - stars: individual: (CD-42 6974, CD-42 6971, CD-42 6978, CD-42 6976, CPD-53 6230, CPD-53 6231, CPD-53 6232, CPD-53 6255, CPD-54 6305)
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/AJ/148/83): table1.dat table2.dat table3.dat table4.dat table7.dat table8.dat>
Misprints: p.2: NGC 3680-29 is probably a misprint for NGC 3680-27 / Table 18: NGC 2360-61 = NGC 2360-62 / Fig.7: Cr 100 = Cr 110 / Section 5: CNW 14 = CWW 14 / Fig.23: NGC 2350 = NGC 2360 / The reference for Cr 261 is not the good one.
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