Astron. J., 148, 47 (2014/September-0)
A CO survey in planet-forming disks: characterizing the gas content in the epoch of planet formation.
HALES A.S., DE GREGORIO-MONSALVO I., MONTESINOS B., CASASSUS S., DENT W.F.R., DOUGADOS C., EIROA C., HUGHES A.M., GARAY G., MARDONES D., MENARD F., PALAU A., PEREZ S., PHILLIPS N., TORRELLES J.M. and WILNER D.
Abstract (from CDS):
We carried out a 12CO(3-2) survey of 52 southern stars with a wide range of IR excesses (LIR/L*) using the single-dish telescopes APEX and ASTE. The main aims were (1) to characterize the evolution of molecular gas in circumstellar disks using LIR/L* values as a proxy of disk dust evolution, and (2) to identify new gas-rich disk systems suitable for detailed study with ALMA. About 60% of the sample (31 systems) have LIR/L*> 0.01, typical of T Tauri or Herbig AeBe stars, and the rest (21 systems) have LIR/L*< 0.01, typical of debris disks. We detect CO(3-2) emission from 20 systems, and 18 (90%) of these have LIR/L*> 0.01. However, the spectra of only four of the newly detected systems appear free of contamination from background or foreground emission from molecular clouds. These include the early-type stars HD 104237 (A4/5V, 116 pc) and HD 98922 (A2 III, 507 pc, as determined in this work), where our observations reveal the presence of CO-rich circumstellar disks for the first time. Of the other detected sources, many could harbor gaseous circumstellar disks, but our data are inconclusive. For these two newly discovered gas-rich disks, we present radiative transfer models that simultaneously reproduce their spectral energy distributions and the 12CO(3-2) line profiles. For both of these systems, the data are fit well by geometrically flat disks, placing them in the small class of non-flaring disks with significant molecular gas reservoirs.
circumstellar matter - planetary systems - protoplanetary disks
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