2014AJ....147....5R


Query : 2014AJ....147....5R

2014AJ....147....5R - Astron. J., 147, 5 (2014/January-0)

Multi-epoch very long baseline interferometric observations of the nuclear starburst region of NGC 253: improved modeling of the supernova and star formation rates.

RAMPADARATH H., MORGAN J.S., LENC E. and TINGAY S.J.

Abstract (from CDS):

The results of multi-epoch observations of the southern starburst galaxy, NGC 253, with the Australian Long Baseline Array at 2.3 GHz are presented. As with previous radio interferometric observations of this galaxy, no new sources were discovered. By combining the results of this survey with Very Large Array observations at higher frequencies from the literature, spectra were derived and a free-free absorption model was fitted of 20 known sources in NGC 253. The results were found to be consistent with previous studies. The supernova remnant, 5.48-43.3, was imaged with the highest sensitivity and resolution to date, revealing a two-lobed morphology. Comparisons with previous observations of similar resolution give an upper limit of 104 km/s for the expansion speed of this remnant. We derive a supernova rate of <0.2/yr for the inner 300 pc using a model that improves on previous methods by incorporating an improved radio supernova peak luminosity distribution and by making use of multi-wavelength radio data spanning 21 yr. A star formation rate of SFR(M ≥ 5 M) < 4.9 M/yr was also estimated using the standard relation between supernova and star formation rates. Our improved estimates of supernova and star formation rates are consistent with studies at other wavelengths. The results of our study point to the possible existence of a small population of undetected supernova remnants, suggesting a low rate of radio supernova production in NGC 253.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: individual: NGC 253 - galaxies: starburst - ISM: supernova remnants - radio continuum: galaxies - supernovae: general - techniques: interferometric

CDS comments: In Table 6, Arp 220 is a misprint for Arp 299. Source 5.95-37.7 = [AU88] 5.95-37.9 ; 5.49-42.2 = [AU88] 5.49-42.3 ; 5.78-41.1 is probably [AU88] 5.79-41.1.

Simbad objects: 187

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Number of rows : 187
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 ESO 293-34 GiP 00 06 19.915 -41 29 59.64   12.79   11.72 12.6 ~ 54 0
2 SN 2009mk SN* 00 06 21.37 -41 28 59.8           SNIIb 11 1
3 QSO B0035-252 QSO 00 38 14.7350797680 -24 59 02.234762988   18.90   17.14   ~ 104 1
4 [AU88] 4.81-43.6 SNR 00 47 32.21 -25 17 21.8           ~ 7 0
5 [LT2006b] 5.49 -42.3 HII 00 47 32.87 -25 17 20.3           ~ 4 0
6 [AU88] 5.48-43.3 SNR 00 47 32.88 -25 17 21.5           ~ 16 0
7 [AU88] 5.53-42.3 HII 00 47 32.92 -25 17 20.2           ~ 8 0
8 [LT2006b] 5.59 -41.6 HII 00 47 32.983 -25 17 19.50           ~ 8 0
9 [AU88] 5.62-41.3 SNR 00 47 33.005 -25 17 19.35           ~ 24 0
10 [AU88] 5.65-40.7 HII 00 47 33.03 -25 17 18.7           ~ 6 0
11 [AU88] 5.73-39.5 HII 00 47 33.1 -25 17 18           ~ 15 0
12 [LT2006b] 5.72 -40.1 HII 00 47 33.112 -25 17 17.92           ~ 17 0
13 NGC 253 SyG 00 47 33.134 -25 17 19.68   8.03   6.94 8.1 ~ 3148 2
14 [AU88] 5.75-41.8 SNR 00 47 33.138 -25 17 19.77           ~ 9 0
15 [LT2006b] 5.773-39.54 SNR 00 47 33.15 -25 17 17.5           ~ 13 0
16 [AU88] 5.79-39.7 SNR 00 47 33.175 -25 17 17.64           ~ 7 0
17 [LT2006b] 5.795-39.05 SNR 00 47 33.178 -25 17 16.93           ~ 36 0
18 [LT2006b] 5.805-38.92 SNR 00 47 33.179 -25 17 17.02           ~ 2 0
19 [AU88] 5.79-41.0 SNR 00 47 33.19 -25 17 19.3           ~ 9 0
20 [AU88] 5.87-40.1 SNR 00 47 33.27 -25 17 18.3           ~ 8 0
21 [AU88] 5.90-37.4 HII 00 47 33.293 -25 17 15.34           ~ 12 0
22 [AU88] 5.95-37.9 SNR 00 47 33.35 -25 17 15.9           ~ 7 0
23 [AU88] 5.99-37.0 SNR 00 47 33.40 -25 17 15.2           ~ 10 0
24 [AU88] 6.40-37.1 SNR 00 47 33.79 -25 17 15.3           ~ 9 0
25 ESO 411-34 EmG 00 57 46.9455374760 -27 30 06.078979368   13.49 9.69 12.38 13.1 ~ 51 0
26 SN 2002hf SN* 00 57 47.74 -27 30 21.5     16.5     SNIc 14 1
27 SN 2002ap SN* 01 36 23.85 +15 45 13.2   13.11 14.54     SNIc-BL 536 1
28 M 74 G 01 36 41.7451236624 +15 47 01.107512304 10.52 10.00 9.46 9.16   ~ 1571 1
29 SN 1986J SN* 02 22 31.33 +42 19 56.4   18.4 18.4     SNII 313 1
30 NGC 891 H2G 02 22 32.907 +42 20 53.95 11.08 10.81 9.93 7.86   ~ 1595 2
31 SN 1984L SN* 02 35 30.54 -07 09 30.3   14.0       SNIb 191 1
32 SN 2007gr SN* 02 43 27.98 +37 20 44.7       12.77   SNIc 211 1
33 NGC 1058 Sy2 02 43 30.0264850248 +37 20 28.782851784   12.29 11.75 10.85   ~ 451 0
34 SN 1978K SN* 03 17 38.620 -66 33 03.40   13.0       SNII 197 1
35 NGC 1313 G 03 18 16.046 -66 29 53.74   10.06 10.0 9.40 10.4 ~ 652 2
36 UGC 2701 GiG 03 22 36.2824414392 +09 28 24.951732240   16.0       ~ 29 0
37 SN 2002gy SN* 03 22 36.45 +09 28 22.0     17.6     SNIb/c: 9 1
38 NGC 1316 GiP 03 22 41.789 -37 12 29.52 9.81 9.15 8.53 7.66   ~ 1295 1
39 SN 1980N SN* 03 22 59 -37 12.8   12.5 12.37     SNIa 145 1
40 IC 340 LSB 03 39 29.110 -13 06 54.41   15   13.38   ~ 30 0
41 SN 2002jj SN* 03 39 29.55 -13 06 55.8     16.5     SNIc 17 1
42 SN 2003bg SN* 04 10 59.42 -31 24 50.3     15.0     SNIc 138 1
43 ESO 420-9 LSB 04 11 00.598 -31 24 28.15   13.75   12.79   ~ 61 0
44 UGC 2984 LSB 04 13 12.403 +13 25 19.10   17       ~ 51 0
45 SN 2002jz SN* 04 13 12.52 +13 25 07.3     15.9     SNIc 20 1
46 SN 1999em SN* 04 41 27.04 -02 51 45.2   13.79 13.7     SNIIP 629 1
47 NGC 1637 AGN 04 41 28.1926876152 -02 51 28.667815488   11.4   11.0 11.3 ~ 395 0
48 SN 2001ef SN* 04 44 28.56 +75 38 30.3     16.1     SNIc 14 1
49 IC 381 G 04 44 28.5733492968 +75 38 23.041843728   14.5       ~ 45 0
50 SN 2001B SN* 04 57 19.24 +78 11 16.5     15.0     SNIb 40 1
51 IC 391 G 04 57 21.103 +78 11 19.50   12.80       ~ 73 0
52 NGC 1832 G 05 12 03.3433348776 -15 41 16.021694220   12.2   11.07 11.8 ~ 232 1
53 SN 2004gq SN* 05 12 04.81 -15 40 54.2     15.5     SNIb 85 1
54 SN 1987A SN* 05 35 28.020 -69 16 11.07           SNIIpec 4721 2
55 NGC 1961 LIN 05 42 04.6327819680 +69 22 42.411028872   11.73 10.99     ~ 320 3
56 SN 2001is SN* 05 42 09.07 +69 21 54.8     17.6     SNIb 25 1
57 SN 2001ej SN* 07 23 43.23 +33 26 38.0     16.5     SNIb 22 1
58 Mrk 1199 GiG 07 23 43.5303502320 +33 26 30.926307192   13.7 13.13     ~ 107 0
59 NGC 2403 AGN 07 36 51.3381434280 +65 36 09.650825640 9.31 8.84 8.38 8.19   ~ 1701 1
60 NGC 2415 bCG 07 36 56.6678012232 +35 14 30.555503124   12.5       ~ 126 1
61 SN 2000C SN* 07 36 57.09 +35 14 38.8     15.6     SNIc 26 2
62 2MASS J07371703+6535579 HXB 07 37 17.0432126424 +65 35 57.826001220           SNIIP 253 1
63 UGC 4179 G 08 02 05.961 +00 48 32.74   15.5       ~ 23 0
64 SN 2006jd SN* 08 02 07.43 +00 48 31.5   22.5 21.8 20.4 21.3 SNIIn 95 1
65 SN 2000fn SN* 08 06 57.79 +08 00 19.3     18.8     SNIb 14 1
66 NGC 2526 GiP 08 06 58.6222158888 +08 00 14.127856236   14.6       ~ 35 0
67 SN 2002hn SN* 08 10 14.95 +33 57 19.4     16.8     SNIc 17 1
68 NGC 2532 G 08 10 15.1864372560 +33 57 23.768999208   12.90       ~ 154 0
69 SN 2008D SN* 09 09 30.625 +33 08 20.16     17.5     SNIb 374 1
70 NGC 2770 GiG 09 09 33.622 +33 07 24.29   12.1       ~ 247 0
71 SN 1993J SN* 09 55 24.77476 +69 01 13.7026   10.8 12.0     SNIIb 1338 1
72 M 81 Sy2 09 55 33.1726556496 +69 03 55.062505368   7.89 6.94     ~ 4201 3
73 SN 2008iz SN* 09 55 51.55 +69 40 45.8           SNII: 55 1
74 M 82 IG 09 55 52.430 +69 40 46.93 9.61 9.30 8.41     ~ 5616 6
75 SN 2002cp SN* 09 59 35.95 +35 23 57.4     17.9     SNIb/c 21 1
76 NGC 3074 G 09 59 41.2147116065 +35 23 34.127422846   14.8       ~ 63 0
77 SN 2001ci SN* 10 01 57.33 +55 41 14.6     18.3     SNIc 25 1
78 NGC 3079 Sy2 10 01 57.8789863992 +55 40 47.449758324 11.57 11.54 10.86     ~ 1320 3
79 SN 2002bl SN* 10 12 17.28 +27 51 52.4     17.0     SNIcpec 28 1
80 UGC 5499 EmG 10 12 17.618 +27 51 43.27   14.3       ~ 63 0
81 NGC 3240 EmG 10 24 30.6274106376 -21 47 27.978516672   13.90   12.78 13.1 ~ 42 0
82 SN 2001M SN* 10 24 31.48 -21 47 40.6     17.5     SNIc 16 1
83 SN 2009bb SN* 10 31 33.92 -39 57 28.2           SNIc 155 1
84 NGC 3278 EmG 10 31 35.3815519416 -39 57 16.780966632   13.02   11.78   ~ 58 0
85 NGC 3313 EmG 10 37 25.4644853016 -25 19 09.838240356   12.38   11.13 11.7 ~ 63 0
86 SN 2002jp SN* 10 37 26.50 -25 21 35.2     16.9     SNIc 13 1
87 Z 95-49 G 10 51 49.396 +16 00 01.50   15.6       ~ 40 0
88 SN 1988Z SN* 10 51 50.10 +16 00 00.5   16.8       SNIIn 356 1
89 SN 2002J SN* 10 54 38.36 -21 03 53.6     16.8     SNIc 20 1
90 SN 2002hy SN* 10 54 39.18 -21 03 41.2     16.4     SNIbpec 18 1
91 NGC 3464 GiG 10 54 40.1376198816 -21 03 59.251207824   13.23   12.01 12.4 ~ 94 0
92 SN 2003L SN* 11 03 12.33 +11 04 38.3     16.9     SNIc 67 1
93 NGC 3506 GiC 11 03 12.9579932256 +11 04 36.385553064   12.9       ~ 62 0
94 SN 2002ji SN* 11 22 53.15 +16 35 10.0     15.1     SNIb 36 1
95 NGC 3655 Sy2 11 22 54.6356867928 +16 35 24.235700100   12.575 11.904 11.366 10.732 ~ 168 0
96 NGC 3690 IG 11 28 31.326 +58 33 41.80   13.19 12.86     ~ 938 4
97 [PRA2009] A27 Rad 11 28 33.6221 +58 33 46.692           ~ 4 0
98 [PRA2009] A25 SN* 11 28 33.6524 +58 33 46.701           SNIIp 4 0
99 SN 2000ew SN* 11 40 58.52 +11 27 55.9     14.9     SNIc 56 1
100 NGC 3810 GiG 11 40 58.7615811624 +11 28 15.808680696   11.4       ~ 324 2
101 SN 1998S SN* 11 46 06.1 +47 28 55     12.2     SNIIn 425 1
102 NGC 3877 GiG 11 46 07.782 +47 29 40.20   11.8       ~ 299 0
103 SN 2007bg SN* 11 49 26.18 +51 49 21.8 20.1 19.8 18.8     SNIc-BL 62 1
104 NGC 4038 GiP 12 01 53.002 -18 52 03.32   10.91   9.74 11.0 ~ 1304 1
105 SN 1974E SN* 12 01 57 -18 52.5   14.0 14.0     ~ 16 1
106 NGC 4210 LIN 12 15 15.8513778552 +65 59 07.052376192   13.4       ~ 121 0
107 SN 2002ho SN* 12 15 17.97 +65 58 55.1     17.0     SNIc 22 1
108 SN 2011hp SN* 12 16 25.47 -43 19 46.9           SNIc 8 1
109 NGC 4219 G 12 16 27.312 -43 19 27.41   12.71 11.31 11.09 11.9 ~ 71 0
110 M 106 Sy2 12 18 57.620 +47 18 13.39   9.14 8.41 8.11   ~ 2239 3
111 SN 1981K SN* 12 18 59.42 +47 19 31.0   16.0 16.0     SNII 47 1
112 SN 1986E SN* 12 21 41.19 +14 37 54.8   14.2       SNIIL 64 1
113 NGC 4302 GiP 12 21 42.477 +14 35 51.94   13.4 11.61     ~ 306 0
114 M 100 AGN 12 22 54.9299993592 +15 49 20.296257960 10.04 10.05 9.35     ~ 1747 2
115 SN 1979C SN* 12 22 58.58 +15 47 52.7   11.6       SNIIL 562 1
116 M 84 Sy2 12 25 03.74333 +12 53 13.1393 12.67 12.09 10.49     ~ 1703 2
117 SN 1980I SN* 12 25 38.12 +12 53 23.5   12.7       SNIapec 41 1
118 UGCA 282 GiG 12 30 16.1186756760 -08 23 49.688359908   13   12.41   ~ 27 0
119 SN 2002bm SN* 12 30 16.90 -08 23 34.8     17.0     SNIc 11 1
120 NGC 4490 GiP 12 30 36.368 +41 38 37.07 10.03 10.22 9.79     ~ 551 3
121 SN 2008ax SN* 12 30 40.80 +41 38 16.1   23.6 23.5 14.1 22.6 SNIIb 235 1
122 NGC 4536 GiP 12 34 27.129 +02 11 16.37 11.14 11.16 10.55 17.393   ~ 801 3
123 SN 1981B SN* 12 34 29.57 +02 11 59.3   11.74       SNIa 391 1
124 SN 1990B SN* 12 36 33.86 +11 14 29.9     15.75     SNIc 123 1
125 NGC 4568 GiP 12 36 34.292 +11 14 19.07   12.11 11.19     ~ 363 2
126 SN 2004cc SN* 12 36 34.40 +11 14 32.8     17.5     SNIc 35 1
127 NGC 4945 Sy2 13 05 27.279 -49 28 04.44   9.31 14.40 7.55   ~ 1375 2
128 NGC 4991 rG 13 09 15.112 +02 20 51.57   15.5       ~ 16 0
129 SN 1997eg SN* 13 11 36.73 +22 55 29.4     15.6     SNIIn 69 1
130 NGC 5012 LIN 13 11 37.0550725200 +22 54 55.807560612   13.6       ~ 135 0
131 SN 1985L SN* 13 13 21.71 +36 36 32.3   13.0       SNIIL 64 1
132 SN 2001gd SN* 13 13 23.89 +36 38 17.7     16.5     SNIIb 57 1
133 NGC 5033 Sy1 13 13 27.535 +36 35 37.14   11.01 12.03 9.73   ~ 829 3
134 PTF 11qcj SN* 13 13 41.51 +47 17 57.0           SNIb 43 0
135 LEDA 2295826 G 13 13 41.578 +47 17 57.21           ~ 8 0
136 M 51 GiP 13 29 52.698 +47 11 42.93   9.26 8.36 8.40   ~ 4098 4
137 SN 2005cs SN* 13 29 53.37 +47 10 28.2   14.5       SNIIP 370 1
138 SN 1994I SN* 13 29 54.072 +47 11 30.50     12.9     SNIc 604 1
139 SN 2011dh SN* 13 30 05.10555 +47 10 10.9227           SNIIb 336 1
140 SN 1983N SN* 13 36 51.23 -29 54 01.7   11.7       SNIb 270 1
141 M 83 SBG 13 37 00.91920 -29 51 56.7400 8.85 8.11 7.52 7.21   ~ 2410 2
142 SN 2001ai SN* 13 41 39.35 +55 40 05.1     17.6     SNIb 18 1
143 NGC 5278 IG 13 41 39.6051780576 +55 40 14.431383840   13.6       ~ 100 1
144 SN 2001bb SN* 13 43 25.31 -29 48 13.1     16.5     SNIc 16 1
145 IC 4319 GiG 13 43 26.5817844936 -29 48 12.083860296   14.35   12.79   ~ 56 0
146 NGC 5395 Sy2 13 58 37.9605982608 +37 25 28.161627744   13.26 12.48     ~ 206 1
147 SN 2000cr SN* 13 58 38.37 +37 26 12.4     17     SNIc 21 1
148 SN 1970G SN* 14 03 00.83 +54 14 32.8   11.8 11.50     SNIIL 208 1
149 M 101 GiP 14 03 12.583 +54 20 55.50   8.46 7.86 7.76   ~ 2727 2
150 SN 1995N SN* 14 49 28.29 -10 10 14.0     17.5     SNIIn 145 1
151 MCG-02-38-017 GiP 14 49 32.7 -10 09 47   16.6   17.1   ~ 68 1
152 SN 2002dg SN* 14 57 16.29 +05 54 00.6     18.5     SNIb 12 1
153 SN 2002cj SN* 15 21 20.71 -19 51 27.3     16.0     SNIc 12 1
154 ESO 582-5 G 15 21 20.797 -19 51 23.29   16.08       ~ 15 0
155 IC 4553 SyG 15 34 57.22396 +23 30 11.6084   14.76 13.88     ~ 2835 4
156 SN 2010as SN* 15 49 49.23 -29 23 09.7           SNIb/c 26 1
157 NGC 6000 AGN 15 49 49.556 -29 23 12.50   13.02   11.27 12.0 ~ 103 1
158 SN 1982aa SN* 16 05 12.783 +20 32 38.24           ~ 24 1
159 NGC 6052 IG 16 05 12.8715178104 +20 32 32.607297132 13.01 13.44 13.00     ~ 341 2
160 NGC 6118 EmG 16 21 48.6065282088 -02 17 00.680742060   13.20   12.0 11.7 ~ 192 0
161 SN 2004dk SN* 16 21 48.93 -02 16 17.3   17.789 17.6     SNIb 74 1
162 UGC 10415 rG 16 29 00.4117713408 +41 17 03.356731968   14.8       ~ 49 0
163 SN 2002cg SN* 16 29 00.48 +41 17 00.4     17.8     SNIc 15 1
164 SN 1998bw SN* 19 35 03.17 -52 50 46.1   14.09       SNIc 1737 2
165 ESO 184-82 G 19 35 04.416 -52 50 38.04   15.17   14.26   ~ 105 2
166 NGC 6925 EmG 20 34 20.5702851864 -31 58 51.143730564   12.09 11.30 10.77 11.4 ~ 115 0
167 SN 2011ei SN* 20 34 22.62 -31 58 23.6           SNIIb 35 1
168 NGC 6946 H2G 20 34 52.332 +60 09 13.24   10.5       ~ 2384 2
169 SN 2004et SN* 20 35 25.33 +60 07 17.7   12.88       SNIIP 450 1
170 SN 1980K SN* 20 35 30.07 +60 06 23.7   11.6       SNIIL 448 1
171 SN 2002dn SN* 21 54 22.47 +15 09 42.2     18.6     SNIc: 10 1
172 IC 5145 G 21 54 23.0679648312 +15 09 24.958372788   14.7       ~ 38 0
173 SN 1999ex SN* 22 16 07.27 -36 50 53.7   17.35       SNIb 134 2
174 IC 5179 EmG 22 16 09.1191653256 -36 50 37.117603752   12.29 11.89 11.38   ~ 191 1
175 UGC 12044 GiG 22 27 48.3046969320 +38 35 11.727387672   15.5       ~ 31 0
176 SN 2002hz SN* 22 27 49.54 +38 35 09.5     17.8     SNIb 15 1
177 IC 5249 G 22 47 06.262 -64 49 55.42   14.35   13.36 13.7 ~ 88 0
178 SN 2011cb SN* 22 47 07.49 -64 49 43.4           SNIIb 6 1
179 NGC 7400 G 22 54 20.8420580328 -45 20 49.397413200   13.62   12.64 13.0 ~ 44 0
180 SN 2002ge SN* 22 54 21.49 -45 20 26.9     14.1     SNIa: 7 1
181 NGC 7424 GiG 22 57 18.3924511080 -41 04 14.124670032   10.88 10.38 10.02 10.9 ~ 206 0
182 SN 2001ig SN* 22 57 30.69 -41 02 25.9     14.5     SNIIb 158 1
183 SN 2000ft SN* 23 03 15.45 +08 52 26.5           SNII 37 1
184 NGC 7469 Sy1 23 03 15.674 +08 52 25.28 12.60 13.00 12.34     ~ 1997 3
185 MCG-01-59-021 G 23 21 02.922 -04 53 37.60   14.7   14.8 14.9 ~ 29 0
186 SN 2003jd SN* 23 21 03.38 -04 53 45.5   16.34       SNIc-BL 136 1
187 NAME Cas A SNR 23 23 24.000 +58 48 54.00     14.30     ~ 2619 1

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2022.08.09-02:38:22

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