2013MNRAS.436.2708M


Query : 2013MNRAS.436.2708M

2013MNRAS.436.2708M - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 436, 2708-2721 (2013/December-2)

The strong environmental dependence of black hole scaling relations.

McGEE S.L.

Abstract (from CDS):

We investigate how the scaling relations between central black hole mass and host galaxy properties (velocity dispersion, bulge stellar mass and bulge luminosity) depend on the large-scale environment. For each of a sample of 69 galaxies with dynamical black hole measurements we compile four environmental measures (nearest-neighbour distance, fixed aperture number density, total halo mass and central/satellite). We find that central and satellite galaxies follow distinctly separate scalings in each of the three relations we have examined. The Mø-σ relation of central galaxies is significantly steeper (β = 6.38±0.49) than that of satellite galaxies (β = 4.91±0.49), but has a similar intercept. This behaviour remains even after restricting to a sample of only early-type galaxies or after removing the eight brightest cluster galaxies. The Mø-σ relation shows more modest differences when splitting the sample based on the other environmental indicators, suggesting that they are driven by the underlying satellite/central fractions. Separate relations for centrals and satellites are also seen in the power-law scaling between black hole mass and bulge stellar mass or bulge luminosity. We suggest that gas rich, low-mass galaxies undergo a period of rapid black hole growth in the process of becoming satellites. If central galaxies in the current Mø-σ relation are representative progenitors of the satellite population, the observations imply that a σ = 120km/s galaxy must nearly triple its central black hole mass. The elevated black hole masses of massive central galaxies are then a natural consequence of the accretion of satellites.

Abstract Copyright: © 2013 The Author Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2013)

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: evolution - galaxies: formation - galaxies: structure

Simbad objects: 79

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Number of rows : 79
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 M 32 IG 00 42 41.825 +40 51 54.61 9.51 9.03 8.08     ~ 2094 2
2 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 11880 1
3 NGC 524 GiP 01 24 47.7429545736 +09 32 20.089023900   11.5       ~ 444 1
4 NGC 821 G 02 08 21.1358498040 +10 59 41.832436704   12.210 11.310 10.739 9.744 ~ 556 0
5 ACO 347 ClG 02 25 50 +41 52.5           ~ 147 1
6 NGC 1023 IG 02 40 24.0133575864 +39 03 47.663392896 10.91 10.35 9.35 7.83   ~ 634 2
7 NGC 1194 Sy2 03 03 49.1124029328 -01 06 13.415103900   15.29 14.18     ~ 228 0
8 NGC 1300 GiP 03 19 41.0462219928 -19 24 40.187565432   11.16 10.42 9.90 10.7 ~ 485 0
9 ACO 426 ClG 03 19 47.2 +41 30 47           ~ 2104 1
10 NGC 1316 GiP 03 22 41.789 -37 12 29.52 9.81 9.15 8.53 7.66   ~ 1295 1
11 NGC 1332 GiP 03 26 17.321 -21 20 07.33   11.45   9.84   ~ 324 0
12 NGC 1374 GiP 03 35 16.5885737352 -35 13 34.563417168 12.46 11.97 11.08 10.59   ~ 270 1
13 NGC 1399 BiC 03 38 29.083 -35 27 02.67 11.05 9.74 9.59 8.12   ~ 1515 1
14 ACO S 373 ClG 03 38 30 -35 27.3           ~ 1699 0
15 NGC 1407 GiG 03 40 11.904 -18 34 49.36   10.64 9.67 9.13   ~ 556 1
16 NGC 1550 BiC 04 19 37.9450450152 +02 24 35.918168940   14.0       ~ 166 1
17 NGC 2273 Sy2 06 50 08.6691789600 +60 50 44.864645136   14.50 13.54     ~ 496 3
18 UGC 3789 Sy2 07 19 30.892 +59 21 18.48   13.3       ~ 123 0
19 NGC 2549 G 08 18 58.3507032336 +57 48 11.022298740   12.1       ~ 241 0
20 NGC 2787 LIN 09 19 18.6046606656 +69 12 11.630716128   12.92 11.79     ~ 334 0
21 NGC 2960 SyG 09 40 36.3826266216 +03 34 37.235848260   13.60       ~ 157 1
22 M 81 Sy2 09 55 33.1726556496 +69 03 55.062505368   7.89 6.94     ~ 4201 3
23 NGC 3091 BiC 10 00 14.125 -19 38 11.32   12.04 10.61 10.56 9.25 ~ 173 0
24 NGC 3115 GiG 10 05 13.9270507008 -07 43 06.982712292   11   9.37   ~ 975 2
25 NGC 3227 GiP 10 23 30.5765149296 +19 51 54.282206700   12.61 11.79     ~ 1620 1
26 NGC 3245 GiP 10 27 18.3864983136 +28 30 26.621599932   11.6       ~ 331 0
27 M 96 GiP 10 46 45.744 +11 49 11.78 10.42 10.15 9.25 8.99   ~ 783 1
28 NGC 3377 GiP 10 47 42.400 +13 59 08.30 11.55 11.24 10.38     ~ 751 1
29 M 105 LIN 10 47 49.600 +12 34 53.87   10.56 9.76 9.12 8.18 ~ 1424 0
30 NGC 3384 GiG 10 48 16.8855574392 +12 37 45.371165844   10.0       ~ 572 1
31 NGC 3393 Sy2 10 48 23.4653152920 -25 09 43.487648784   13.10 13.95 11.67 12.2 ~ 387 1
32 NGC 3489 GiG 11 00 18.5483994744 +13 54 04.206202668 11.46 11.12 10.29     ~ 384 1
33 NGC 3585 GiG 11 13 17.109 -26 45 17.96   10.64   9.22   ~ 271 0
34 [VV2006] J111654.8+180304 QSO 11 16 54.657 +18 03 06.51   13.84 12.76     ~ 451 0
35 NGC 3608 LIN 11 16 58.967 +18 08 54.71   11.7       ~ 493 0
36 NGC 3842 BiC 11 44 02.155 +19 56 59.37 14.22 13.70 11.82 12.04   ~ 267 3
37 ACO 1367 ClG 11 44 44.6 +19 41 59           ~ 1040 1
38 NGC 3998 SyG 11 57 56.1334044408 +55 27 12.922443432   11.64 12.10 10.09   ~ 609 2
39 NGC 4026 GiP 11 59 25.0914676128 +50 57 41.951225700   12.17       ~ 249 0
40 M 106 Sy2 12 18 57.620 +47 18 13.39   9.14 8.41 8.11   ~ 2239 3
41 NGC 4261 LIN 12 19 23.2160630 +05 49 29.700024   13.92 12.87     ~ 1174 0
42 NGC 4291 GiG 12 20 17.699 +75 22 15.47   17.0       ~ 290 1
43 NGC 4342 GiP 12 23 39.0032044488 +07 03 14.359499100   13.0       ~ 298 0
44 M 84 Sy2 12 25 03.74333 +12 53 13.1393 12.67 12.09 10.49     ~ 1703 2
45 NGC 4388 Sy2 12 25 46.820 +12 39 43.45 11.91 11.76 11.02     ~ 1266 2
46 NAME Virgo Cluster ClG 12 26 32.1 +12 43 24           ~ 6287 0
47 NGC 4459 H2G 12 29 00.0329905416 +13 58 42.826603332   11.6       ~ 516 0
48 M 49 Sy2 12 29 46.798 +08 00 01.48   13.21 12.17     ~ 2029 2
49 NGC 4473 GiG 12 29 48.878 +13 25 45.55 11.60 11.16 10.20     ~ 623 1
50 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6704 3
51 UGC 7658 GiG 12 30 57.7095721176 +12 16 13.316512872   11.2 11.59 12.02   ~ 220 1
52 NGC 4564 GiG 12 36 26.9869512504 +11 26 21.204472848 12.51 12.05 11.12     ~ 578 1
53 NGC 4596 GiP 12 39 55.9544722920 +10 10 34.185047628   12.4       ~ 350 0
54 M 104 LIN 12 39 59.4302501832 -11 37 22.988264808 9.51 9.55 8.00 8.05   ~ 1336 3
55 M 60 GiP 12 43 39.9708251928 +11 33 09.688174056   10.3       ~ 1306 1
56 NGC 4697 GiG 12 48 35.8981498824 -05 48 02.482374564   10.97   9.83   ~ 835 0
57 M 94 SyG 12 50 53.0737971432 +41 07 12.900884628 9.15 8.96 8.24 7.78   ~ 1311 2
58 M 64 SyG 12 56 43.696 +21 40 57.57   9.36 8.52     ~ 881 2
59 NGC 4889 EmG 13 00 08.097 +27 58 37.29 12.93 13.0 11.30 11.652 10.906 ~ 676 1
60 NGC 5077 GiP 13 19 31.6697719944 -12 39 25.086455856   13.87 12.85 11.30   ~ 281 0
61 NAME Centaurus A Sy2 13 25 27.6039817176 -43 01 09.493008456   8.18 6.84 6.66   ~ 4263 3
62 ACO 3565 ClG 13 36 39 -33 58.3           ~ 106 1
63 IC 4296 AGN 13 36 39.03275288 -33 57 57.0783023   11.52 12.99 10.00   ~ 467 2
64 ACO 1836 ClG 14 01 40 -11 36.5           ~ 77 0
65 MCG-02-36-002 BiC 14 01 41.8427019024 -11 36 24.845027796   15.00       ~ 105 2
66 NGC 5516 GiG 14 15 54.7044314904 -48 06 53.421485436   13.01   11.11   ~ 56 0
67 NGC 5576 GiP 14 21 03.691 +03 16 15.78 12.25 11.85 10.96     ~ 314 1
68 NGC 5845 GiG 15 06 00.7823239488 +01 38 01.704838596   13.8 11.20 12.06 9.94 ~ 366 0
69 ACO 2162 ClG 16 12 30.0 +29 32 23           ~ 147 0
70 NGC 6086 BiC 16 12 35.5357829352 +29 29 05.246712168   14.8       ~ 183 1
71 NGC 6251 Sy2 16 32 31.9740654384 +82 32 16.403167068 15.24 14.66 12.89 7.62   ~ 696 0
72 NGC 6264 Sy2 16 57 16.1272966344 +27 50 58.574330124   15.5       ~ 100 1
73 NGC 6323 GiG 17 13 18.0454114728 +43 46 56.772281424   14.8       ~ 90 1
74 NGC 7052 rG 21 18 33.0441963648 +26 26 49.174586196 15.52 14.85 13.09     ~ 311 1
75 IC 1459 GiP 22 57 10.6071797352 -36 27 43.992307260   10.96 11.85 9.34 10.3 ~ 602 2
76 NGC 7582 GiP 23 18 23.621 -42 22 14.06 11.62 10.92 10.62     ~ 860 2
77 NGC 7619 GiG 23 20 14.524 +08 12 22.63   12.7       ~ 425 0
78 ACO 2666 ClG 23 50 56.2 +27 08 41           ~ 203 0
79 NGC 7768 BiC 23 50 58.5485212104 +27 08 50.446633668   14.0 14.23     ~ 176 0

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2022.08.10-08:15:15

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