Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 436, 2-18 (2013/November-3)
Physical properties, transmission and emission spectra of the WASP-19 planetary system from multi-colour photometry.
MANCINI L., CICERI S., CHEN G., TREGLOAN-REED J., FORTNEY J.J., SOUTHWORTH J., TAN T.G., BURGDORF M., CALCHI NOVATI S., DOMINIK M., FANG X.-S., FINET F., GERNER T., HARDIS S., HINSE T.C., JORGENSEN U.G., LIEBIG C., NIKOLOV N., RICCI D., SCHAFER S., SCHONEBECK F., SKOTTFELT J., WERTZ O., ALSUBAI K.A., BOZZA V., BROWNE P., DODDS P., GU S.-H., HARPSOE K., HENNING Th., HUNDERTMARK M., JESSEN-HANSEN J., KAINS N., KERINS E., KJELDSEN H., LUND M.N., LUNDKVIST M., MADHUSUDHAN N., MATHIASEN M., PENNY M.T., PROF S., RAHVAR S., SAHU K., SCARPETTA G., SNODGRASS C. and SURDEJ J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present new ground-based, multi-colour, broad-band photometric measurements of the physical parameters, transmission and emission spectra of the transiting extrasolar planet WASP-19b. The measurements are based on observations of eight transits and four occultations through a Gunn i filter using the 1.54-m Danish Telescope, 14 transits through an Rc filter at the Perth Exoplanet Survey Telescope (PEST) observatory and one transit observed simultaneously through four optical (Sloan g', r', i', z') and three near-infrared (J, H, K) filters, using the Gamma Ray Burst Optical and Near-Infrared Detector (GROND) instrument on the MPG/ESO 2.2-m telescope. The GROND optical light curves have a point-to-point scatter around the best-fitting model between 0.52 and 0.65 mmag rms. We use these new data to measure refined physical parameters for the system. We find the planet to be more bloated (Rb = 1.410±0.017RJup; Mb = 1.139±0.030MJup) and the system to be twice as old as initially thought. We also used published and archived data sets to study the transit timings, which do not depart from a linear ephemeris. We detected an anomaly in the GROND transit light curve which is compatible with a spot on the photosphere of the parent star. The starspot position, size, spot contrast and temperature were established. Using our new and published measurements, we assembled the planet's transmission spectrum over the 370-2350nm wavelength range and its emission spectrum over the 750-8000nm range. By comparing these data to theoretical models we investigated the theoretically predicted variation of the apparent radius of WASP-19b as a function of wavelength and studied the composition and thermal structure of its atmosphere. We conclude that: (i) there is no evidence for strong optical absorbers at low pressure, supporting the common idea that the planet's atmosphere lacks a dayside inversion; (ii) the temperature of the planet is not homogenized, because the high warming of its dayside causes the planet to be more efficient in re-radiating than redistributing energy to the night side; (iii) the planet seems to be outside of any current classification scheme.
© 2013 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2013)
techniques: photometric - stars: fundamental parameters - stars: individual: WASP-19 - planetary systems - starspots
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/436/2): eso_g.dat eso_i.dat eso_r.dat eso_z.dat eso_h.dat eso_j.dat eso_k.dat dk_01.dat dk_02.dat dk_03.dat dk_04.dat dk_05.dat dk_06.dat dk_07.dat dk_08.dat>
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