Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 435, 482-501 (2013/October-2)
The Magellan uniform survey of damped Lyman α systems - I. Cosmic metallicity evolution.
JORGENSON R.A., MURPHY M.T. and THOMPSON R.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the chemical abundance measurements of the first large, medium-resolution, uniformly selected damped Lyman α system (DLA) survey. The sample contains 99 DLAs towards 89 quasars selected from the SDSS DR5 DLA sample in a uniform way. We analyse the metallicities and kinematic diagnostics, including the velocity width of 90 percent of the optical depth, Δv90, and the equivalent widths of the Siii λ1526 (Wλ1526), Civ λ1548 and Mgii λ2796 transitions. To avoid strong line-saturation effects on the metallicities measured in medium-resolution spectra (FWHM ∼ 71km/s), we derived metallicities from metal transitions which absorbed at most 35 percent of the quasar continuum flux. We find the evolution in cosmic mean metallicity of the sample, <Z> = (-0.04±0.13)z - (1.06±0.36), consistent with no evolution over the redshift range z ∼ [2.2, 4.4], but note that the majority of our sample falls at z ∼ [2.2, 3.5]. The apparent lack of metallicity evolution with redshift is also seen in a lack of evolution in the median Δv90 and Wλ1526 values. While this result may seem to conflict with other large surveys that have detected significant metallicity evolution, such as Rafelski et al. who found <Z> = (-0.22±0.03)z - (0.65±0.09) over z ∼ [0, 5], several tests show that these surveys are not inconsistent with our new result. However, over the smaller redshift range covered by our uniformly selected sample, the true evolution of the cosmic mean metallicity in DLAs may be somewhat flatter than the Rafelski et al. estimate.
© 2013 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2013)
galaxies: evolution - galaxies: high-redshift - intergalactic medium - quasars: absorption lines
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<Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/435/482): table1.dat>
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