About the linearity of the color-magnitude relation of early-type galaxies in the Virgo cluster.
SMITH CASTELLI A.V., GONZALEZ N.M., FAIFER F.R. and FORTE J.C.
Abstract (from CDS):
We revisit the color-magnitude relation of Virgo Cluster early-type galaxies in order to explore its alleged nonlinearity. To this aim, we reanalyze the relation already published from data obtained within the ACS Virgo Cluster Survey of the Hubble Space Telescope and perform our own photometry and analysis of the images of 100 early-type galaxies observed as part of this survey. In addition, we compare our results with those reported in the literature from data of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We have found that when the brightest galaxies and untypical systems are excluded from the sample, a linear relation arises in agreement with what is observed in other groups and clusters. The central regions of the brightest galaxies also follow this relation. In addition, we notice that Virgo contains at least four compact elliptical galaxies besides the well-known object VCC 1297 (NGC 4486B). Their locations in the < µeff > -luminosity diagram define a trend different from that followed by normal early-type dwarf galaxies, setting an upper limit in effective surface brightness and a lower limit in the effective radius for their luminosities. Based on the distribution of different galaxy sub-samples in the color-magnitude and < µeff > -luminosity diagrams, we draw some conclusions on their formation and the history of their evolution.
galaxies: clusters: general - galaxies: clusters: individual: Virgo - galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: photometry