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2012ApJS..199...37K - Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 199, 37 (2012/April-0)

A comprehensive GALEX ultraviolet catalog of star clusters in M31 and a study of the young clusters.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present a comprehensive catalog of 700 confirmed star clusters in the field of M31 compiled from three major existing catalogs. We detect 418 and 257 star clusters in Galaxy Evolution Explorer near-ultraviolet and far-ultraviolet (FUV) imaging, respectively. Our final catalog includes photometry of star clusters in up to 16 passbands ranging from FUV to NIR as well as ancillary information such as reddening, metallicity, and radial velocities. In particular, this is the most extensive and updated catalog of UV-integrated photometry for M31 star clusters. Ages and masses of star clusters are derived by fitting the multi-band photometry with model spectral energy distribution (SED); UV photometry enables more accurate age estimation of young clusters. Our catalog includes 182 young clusters with ages less than 1 Gyr. Our estimated ages and masses of young clusters are in good agreement with previously determined values in the literature. The mean age and mass of young clusters are about 300 Myr and 104 M, respectively. We found that the compiled [Fe/H] values of young clusters included in our catalog are systematically lower (by more than 1 dex) than those from recent high-quality spectroscopic data and our SED-fitting result. We confirm that most of the young clusters' kinematics shows systematic rotation around the minor axis and association with the thin disk of M31. The young cluster distribution exhibits a distinct peak in the M31 disk around 10-12 kpc from the center and follows a spatial distributions similar to other tracers of disk structure such as OB stars, UV star-forming regions, and dust. Some young clusters also show concentration around the ring splitting regions found in the southern part of the M31 disk and most of them have systematically younger (<100 Myr) ages. Considering the kinematical properties and spatial distribution of young clusters, they might be associated with the well-known 10 kpc star formation ring structure in the M31 disk. Consequently, we suggest that various properties of young clusters in M31 might be in line with the scenarios that a satellite galaxy had passed through the disk of M31 less than few hundred million years ago.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: evolution - galaxies: individual: M31 - galaxies: interactions - galaxies: star clusters: general - ultraviolet: galaxies

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJS/199/37): table1.dat table2.dat>

Simbad objects: 713

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