2012A&A...542A..36E


Query : 2012A&A...542A..36E

2012A&A...542A..36E - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 542A, 36-36 (2012/6-1)

Multimodality of rich clusters from the SDSS DR8 within the supercluster-void network.

EINASTO M., LIIVAMAEGI L.J., TEMPEL E., SAAR E., VENNIK J., NURMI P., GRAMANN M., EINASTO J., TAGO E., HEINAEMAEKI P., AHVENSALMI A. and MARTINEZ V.J.

Abstract (from CDS):

The study of the properties of galaxy clusters and their environment gives us information about the formation and evolution of galaxies, groups and clusters, and larger structures - superclusters of galaxies and the whole cosmic web. We study the relations between the multimodality of galaxy clusters drawn from the SDSS DR8 and the environment where they reside. As cluster environment we consider the global luminosity density field, supercluster membership, and supercluster morphology. We use 3D normal mixture modelling, the Dressler-Shectman test, and the peculiar velocity of cluster main galaxies as signatures of multimodality of clusters. We calculate the luminosity density field to study the environmental densities around clusters, and to find superclusters where clusters reside. We determine the morphology of superclusters with the Minkowski functionals and compare the properties of clusters in superclusters of different morphology. We apply principal component analysis to study the relations between the multimodality parameters of clusters and their environment simultaneously. Multimodal clusters reside in higher density environment than unimodal clusters. Clusters in superclusters have higher probability to have substructure than isolated clusters. The superclusters can be divided into two main morphological types, spiders and filaments. Clusters in superclusters of spider morphology have higher probabilities to have substructure and larger peculiar velocities of their main galaxies than clusters in superclusters of filament morphology. The most luminous clusters are located in the high-density cores of rich superclusters. Five of seven most luminous clusters, and five of seven most multimodal clusters reside in spider-type superclusters; four of seven most unimodal clusters reside in filament-type superclusters. Our study shows the importance of the role of superclusters as high density environment, which affects the properties of galaxy systems in them.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): large-scale structure of Universe - galaxies: clusters: general

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/542/A36): table5.dat table6.dat>

Nomenclature: Table 6, col(1): [ELT2012] DDD+DDD+NNNN N=50 = Table 1, col(2): [ELT2012] NNNN N=50 among (Nos 1-1295).

Status at CDS : All or part of tables of objects could be ingested in SIMBAD with priority 2.

Simbad objects: 159

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Number of rows : 159
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 SCl 1 SCG 00 06.6 +32 58           ~ 8 0
2 NAME PEG-PSC A SUPERCL SCG 00 08 +05.5           ~ 7 0
3 SCl 7 SCG 00 28.0 -53 13           ~ 4 0
4 PHG 15 SCG 00 56.6 +00 28           ~ 12 0
5 SCl 27 SCG 01 23.3 -09 32           ~ 8 0
6 SCl 54 SCG 03 51 -53.0           ~ 6 0
7 NAME CAELUM SUPERCL SCG 04 43 -33.5           ~ 7 0
8 ACO 602 ClG 07 53 24.2 +29 21 58           ~ 67 0
9 SCl 75 SCG 08 08.4 +34 45           ~ 6 0
10 ACO 628 ClG 08 10 09.68 +35 15 18.3           ~ 38 0
11 [ELT2012] 127+030+0051 SCG 08 28 +30.           ~ 2 0
12 ACO 671 ClG 08 28 31.97 +30 24 19.7           ~ 153 0
13 ACO 690 ClG 08 39 14.69 +28 50 11.0           ~ 79 0
14 SCl 76 SCG 08 48 +28.2           ~ 9 0
15 ACO 724 ClG 08 58 24.12 +38 30 05.7           ~ 22 0
16 SCl 249 SCG 09 01 +38.6           ~ 4 0
17 ACO 784 ClG 09 22 29 +54 58.2           ~ 13 0
18 [ELT2012] 146+043+0072 SCG 09 44 +43.           ~ 2 0
19 ACO 865 ClG 09 46 39 +43 29.1           ~ 10 0
20 [ELT2012] 151+054+0047 SCG 10 04 +54.           ~ 4 0
21 ACO 933 ClG 10 07 48.60 +00 30 43.8           ~ 50 0
22 SCl 82 SCG 10 08 -00.3           ~ 13 0
23 ACO 1003 ClG 10 24 52.08 +47 49 00.4           ~ 34 0
24 ACO 1026 ClG 10 30 07 +40 04.6           ~ 7 0
25 ACO 1035 ClG 10 32 07.51 +40 15 49.2           ~ 82 0
26 [ELT2012] 159+004+0069 SCG 10 36 +04.           ~ 2 0
27 ACO 1066 ClG 10 39 06.62 +05 12 35.2           ~ 88 1
28 NAME VELA SUPERCL SCG 10 53.0 +02 44           ~ 33 0
29 SCl 92 SCG 10 53.0 +08 44           ~ 3 0
30 ACO 1139 ClG 10 58 10.98 +01 36 16.4           ~ 153 3
31 NAME LEO SUPERCL SCG 11 06 +22.5           ~ 17 1
32 ACO 1169 ClG 11 07 55.92 +43 55 07.8           ~ 43 0
33 ACO 1173 ClG 11 09 15.35 +41 33 41.1           ~ 35 0
34 ACO 1185 ClG 11 10 31.4 +28 43 39           ~ 249 1
35 ACO 1190 ClG 11 11 28.60 +40 49 48.0           ~ 114 0
36 ACO 1187 ClG 11 12 04.46 +39 39 42.9           ~ 65 0
37 SCl 95 SCG 11 13.1 +38 19           ~ 10 0
38 ACO 1205 ClG 11 13 21.37 +02 32 39.4           ~ 64 0
39 ACO 1203 ClG 11 13 34.68 +40 14 01.4           ~ 35 0
40 ACO 1213 ClG 11 16 29.1 +29 15 37           ~ 147 0
41 ACO 1238 ClG 11 22 05.37 +00 47 03.0           ~ 91 0
42 [ELT2012] 172+054+0071 SCG 11 28 +54.           ~ 5 0
43 ACO 1270 ClG 11 29 08.84 +54 06 55.4           ~ 51 0
44 [ELT2012] 173+014+0082 SCG 11 32 +14.           ~ 5 0
45 ACO 1291 ClG 11 32 11.20 +56 01 31.3           ~ 130 0
46 SCl 99 SCG 11 36 +52.8           ~ 7 0
47 ACO 1358 ClG 11 42 47.0 +08 12 59           ~ 15 0
48 [ELT2012] 176+015+0069 SCG 11 44 +15.           ~ 2 0
49 [ELT2012] 176+055+0052 SCG 11 44 +55.           ~ 3 0
50 ACO 1377 ClG 11 47 15.66 +55 43 01.6           ~ 138 1
51 ACO 1383 ClG 11 48 09.84 +54 35 33.6           ~ 69 0
52 NAME SUPERCL UMA SCG 11 51 +54.7           ~ 49 0
53 ACO 1396 ClG 11 51 25.31 +54 50 06.5           ~ 17 0
54 ACO 1400 ClG 11 52 30.49 +54 59 35.5           ~ 32 0
55 ACO 1424 ClG 11 57 30.50 +05 05 24.5           ~ 60 0
56 ACO 1436 ClG 12 00 15.94 +56 15 47.8           ~ 107 0
57 NAME VIRGO-COMA SUPERCL SCG 12 04 +09.0           ~ 16 0
58 ACO 1507 ClG 12 15 50.3 +59 58 20           ~ 62 0
59 [ELT2012] 184+003+0077 SCG 12 16 +03.           ~ 6 0
60 ACO 1516 ClG 12 18 50.20 +05 13 56.6           ~ 48 1
61 ACO 1541 ClG 12 27 38.44 +08 49 16.8           ~ 86 0
62 [ELT2012] 187+008+0090 SCG 12 28 +08.           ~ 5 0
63 ACO 1552 ClG 12 30 11.53 +11 44 37.9           ~ 91 0
64 NAME LOCAL SUPERCL SCG 12 31 +12.4           ~ 489 0
65 ACO 1569 ClG 12 36 24.1 +16 31 42           ~ 78 0
66 SCl 271 SCG 12 40 +16.9           ~ 5 0
67 [ELT2012] 191+054+0085 SCG 12 44 +54.           ~ 2 0
68 ACO 1616 ClG 12 47 22.2 +55 00 39           ~ 25 0
69 ACO 1620 ClG 12 50 03.89 -01 32 26.7           ~ 53 0
70 ACO 1650 ClG 12 58 36.76 -01 43 34.2           ~ 280 0
71 ACO 1663 ClG 13 02 52.55 -02 31 04.0           ~ 94 0
72 ACO 1668 ClG 13 03 44.90 +19 16 37.2           ~ 102 0
73 ACO 1669 ClG 13 04 15 +19 04.9           ~ 4 0
74 [EET2007] N152 SCG 13 06.2 -02 34           ~ 39 0
75 ACO 1691 ClG 13 11 11.14 +39 16 38.4           ~ 93 0
76 SCl 273 SCG 13 15 +37.7           ~ 3 0
77 ACO 1749 ClG 13 29 32 +37 37.5           ~ 61 0
78 ACO 1750 ClG 13 30 49.94 -01 52 22.1           ~ 158 1
79 ACO 1767 ClG 13 36 08.33 +59 12 23.0           ~ 162 0
80 SCl 133 SCG 13 39.5 +56 38           ~ 10 0
81 ACO 1775 ClG 13 41 55.6 +26 21 53           ~ 285 0
82 ACO 1773 ClG 13 42 11.73 +02 13 28.2           ~ 109 0
83 ACO 1781 ClG 13 45 32.70 +29 31 49.6           ~ 65 0
84 [ELT2012] 207+026+0067 SCG 13 48 +26.           ~ 4 0
85 [ELT2012] 207+028+0077 SCG 13 48 +28.           ~ 4 0
86 ACO 1795 ClG 13 49 00.5 +26 35 07           ~ 1205 0
87 [ELT2012] 208+046+0062 SCG 13 52 +45.           ~ 2 0
88 ACO 1808 ClG 13 52 10 +09 24.2           ~ 8 0
89 ACO 1809 ClG 13 53 03.72 +05 08 17.7           ~ 160 0
90 ACO 1818 ClG 13 54 23 +26 53.3           ~ 10 0
91 ACO 1831 ClG 13 59 10.2 +27 59 28           ~ 142 0
92 NAME BOO SUPERCL SCG 14 01.5 +25 09           ~ 23 1
93 [ELT2012] 214+002+0053 SCG 14 16 +02.           ~ 3 0
94 ACO 1890 ClG 14 17 37.77 +08 10 46.6           ~ 83 0
95 [ELT2012] 215+048+0071 SCG 14 20 +48.           ~ 4 0
96 ACO 1904 ClG 14 22 11.75 +48 34 07.1           ~ 125 0
97 SCl 143 SCG 14 24.0 +16 46           ~ 8 0
98 ACO 1913 ClG 14 26 51.8 +16 40 34           ~ 95 1
99 [ELT2012] 219+024+0087 SCG 14 36 +24.           ~ 2 0
100 ACO 1939 ClG 14 37 30.4 +24 52 15           ~ 42 0
101 [ELT2012] 220+010+0051 SCG 14 40 +10.           ~ 2 0
102 SCl 274 SCG 14 41 +37.9           ~ 4 0
103 SCl 147 SCG 14 43.9 +54 35           ~ 6 0
104 [ELT2012] 223+016+0045 SCG 14 52 +16.           ~ 2 0
105 ACO 1983 ClG 14 52 44.0 +16 44 46           ~ 237 1
106 ACO 1999 ClG 14 54 05.14 +54 16 39.0           ~ 35 0
107 ACO 1991 ClG 14 54 30.2 +18 37 51           ~ 315 1
108 ACO 2000 ClG 14 54 35 +54 27.9           ~ 12 0
109 SCl 152 SCG 14 57.7 +29 12           ~ 7 0
110 ACO 2020 ClG 15 03.5 +07 53           ~ 33 0
111 [ELT2012] 226+007+0092 SCG 15 04 +07.           ~ 2 0
112 ACO 2022 ClG 15 04 19 +28 25.4           ~ 91 0
113 [ELT2012] 227+006+0078 SCG 15 08 +06.           ~ 5 0
114 [ELT2012] 227+007+0045 SCG 15 08 +07.           ~ 4 0
115 ACO 2028 ClG 15 09 33 +07 31.6           ~ 70 0
116 ACO 2029 ClG 15 10 58.7 +05 45 42           ~ 896 0
117 ACO 2033 ClG 15 11 23.50 +06 19 08.4           ~ 91 0
118 ACO 2040 ClG 15 12 45.2 +07 25 48           ~ 138 1
119 SCl 154 SCG 15 14 +04.6           ~ 8 0
120 ACO 2048 ClG 15 15 16.52 +04 22 46.5           ~ 93 0
121 SCl 157 SCG 15 18.4 +31 31           ~ 4 0
122 ACO 2055 ClG 15 18 41.30 +06 12 39.6           ~ 101 0
123 ACO 2056 ClG 15 19 12 +28 16.2           ~ 48 0
124 [ELT2012] 230+027+0070 SCG 15 20 +27.           ~ 5 0
125 ACO 2061 ClG 15 21 20.58 +30 40 15.3           ~ 172 1
126 ACO 2065 ClG 15 22 42.6 +27 43 21           ~ 352 0
127 ACO 2063 ClG 15 23 01.8 +08 38 22           ~ 380 2
128 ACO 2067 ClG 15 23 14 +30 54.4           ~ 103 1
129 ACO 2069 ClG 15 23 57.9 +29 53 26           ~ 127 0
130 NAME Corona Borealis SCG 15 25 +29.5           ~ 123 0
131 ACO 2073 ClG 15 25 41 +28 24.5           ~ 28 0
132 ACO 2079 ClG 15 28 04.7 +28 52 40           ~ 137 0
133 ACO 2089 ClG 15 32 35.9 +28 01 07           ~ 102 0
134 ACO 2092 ClG 15 33 20.93 +31 09 31.7           ~ 125 0
135 ACO 2107 ClG 15 39 47.9 +21 46 21           ~ 240 0
136 ACO 2122 ClG 15 44 29 +36 07.6           ~ 45 0
137 ACO 2124 ClG 15 44 59.3 +36 03 40           ~ 198 0
138 NAME HERCULES SUPERCL SCG 15 47 +18.2           ~ 145 1
139 NAME ACO 2142 supercluster SCG 15 56 +27.           ~ 6 0
140 ACO 2142 ClG 15 58 20.00 +27 14 00.3           ~ 715 0
141 [ELT2012] 240+053+0065 SCG 16 00 +53.           ~ 2 0
142 ACO 2149 ClG 16 01 22.97 +53 51 59.1           ~ 68 0
143 PHG 11 SCG 16 10.1 +51 28           ~ 9 0
144 ACO 2169 ClG 16 14 02.75 +49 12 30.7           ~ 59 0
145 [ELT2012] 244+049+0057 SCG 16 16 +49.           ~ 2 0
146 [ELT2012] 245+029+0096 SCG 16 20 +29.           ~ 1 0
147 ACO 2175 ClG 16 20 30.70 +29 53 31.2           ~ 102 0
148 [ELT2012] 246+014+0050 SCG 16 24 +14.           ~ 2 0
149 SCl 164 SCG 16 32.4 +27 41           ~ 5 0
150 [ELT2012] 250+027+0102 SCG 16 40 +27.           ~ 3 0
151 ACO 2244 ClG 17 02 34.01 +34 04 41.1           ~ 256 0
152 ACO 2245 ClG 17 02 40.58 +33 31 13.2           ~ 59 0
153 SCl 167 SCG 17 05 +33.6           ~ 9 0
154 ACO 2249 ClG 17 09 48.50 +34 28 26.4           ~ 104 0
155 NAME PER-PEG A SUPERCL SCG 23 29.3 +15 34           ~ 16 0
156 [ELT2012] 168+002+0077 SCG ~ ~           ~ 4 0
157 [ELT2012] 223+018+0059 SCG ~ ~           ~ 3 0
158 [ELT2012] 232+029+0066 SCG ~ ~           ~ 3 0
159 NAME Sloan Great Wall ? ~ ~           ~ 162 0

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2022.08.13-08:53:08

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