SIMBAD references

2012A&A...538L...9H - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 538, L9-9 (2012/2-1)

ALMA CO and VLT/SINFONI H2 observations of the Antennae overlap region: mass and energy dissipation.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present an analysis of super-giant molecular complexes (SGMCs) in the overlap region of the Antennae galaxy merger, based on ALMA CO(3-2) interferometry and VLT/SINFONI imaging spectroscopy of H2 1-0 S(1) at angular resolutions of 0.9" and 0.7", respectively. All but one SGMC have multiple velocity components offset from each other by up to 150 km/s. H2 line emission is found in all SGMCs and the kinematics of H2 and CO are well matched. H2/CO line ratios vary by up to a factor of 10 among SGMCs and different velocity components of the same SGMCs. We also identify the CO counterpart of a bright, compact source of near-IR H2 line emission, which shows no Brγ, and was first identified with SINFONI. This source has the highest H2/CO line ratio, and coincides with the steepest CO velocity gradient of the entire overlap region. With a size of 50 pc and a virial mass of a few 107M it is perhaps a pre-cluster cloud that has not yet formed significant numbers of massive stars. We present observational evidence that the H2 emission is powered by shocks, and demonstrate how the H2 1-0 S(1) and the CO(3-2) lines can be used as tracers of energy dissipation and gas mass, respectively. The variations in the H2/CO line ratio may indicate that the SGMCs are dissipating their turbulent kinetic energy at different rates. The compact source could represent a short (∼1Myr) evolutionary stage in the early formation of super-star clusters.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: individual: Antennae - galaxies: ISM - radio lines: ISM - infrared: ISM

Simbad objects: 9

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