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2012A&A...537A.118R - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 537A, 118-118 (2012/1-1)

The Hamburg/ESO R-process Enhanced Star survey (HERES). VII. Thorium abundances in metal-poor stars.

REN J., CHRISTLIEB N. and ZHAO G.

Abstract (from CDS):

We report thorium abundances for 77 metal-poor stars in the metallicity range of -3.5<[Fe/H]←1.0, based on snapshot'' spectra obtained with VLT-UT2/UVES during the HERES Survey. We were able to determine the thorium abundances with better than 1σ confidence for 17 stars, while for 60 stars we derived upper limits. For five stars common with previous studies, our results were in good agreement with the literature results. The thorium abundances span a wide range of about 4.0dex, and scatter exists in the distribution of log(Th/Eu) ratios for lower metallicity stars, supporting previous studies suggesting the r-process is not universal. We derived ages from the log(Th/Eu) ratios for 12 stars, resulting in large scattered ages, and two stars with significant enhancement of Th relative to Eu are found, indicating the actinide boost'' does not seem to be a rare phenomenon and thus highlighting the risk in using log(Th/Eu) to derive stellar ages.

Journal keyword(s): stars: evolution - stars: abundances - galaxies: evolution - Galaxy: halo - stars: Population II - Galaxy: abundances

CDS comments: Paragraphe 5 HE 0305-6024 is a probable misprint.