SIMBAD references

2011ApJ...742...37R - Astrophys. J., 742, 37 (2011/November-3)

Characterizing the heavy elements in globular cluster M22 and an empirical s-process abundance distribution derived from the two stellar groups.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present an empirical s-process abundance distribution derived with explicit knowledge of the r-process component in the low-metallicity globular cluster M22. We have obtained high-resolution, high signal-to-noise spectra for six red giants in M22 using the Magellan Inamori Kyocera Echelle spectrograph on the Magellan-Clay Telescope at Las Campanas Observatory. In each star we derive abundances for 44 species of 40 elements, including 24 elements heavier than zinc (Z = 30) produced by neutron-capture reactions. Previous studies determined that three of these stars (the "r+s group") have an enhancement of s-process material relative to the other three stars (the "r-only group"). We confirm that the r+s group is moderately enriched in Pb relative to the r-only group. Both groups of stars were born with the same amount of r-process material, but s-process material was also present in the gas from which the r+s group formed. The s-process abundances are inconsistent with predictions for asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars with M ≤ 3 M and suggest an origin in more massive AGB stars capable of activating the 22Ne(α,n)25Mg reaction. We calculate the s-process "residual" by subtracting the r-process pattern in the r-only group from the abundances in the r+s group. In contrast to previous r- and s-process decompositions, this approach makes no assumptions about the r- and s-process distributions in the solar system and provides a unique opportunity to explore s-process yields in a metal-poor environment.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): globular clusters: individual: NGC 6656 - nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances - stars: abundances - stars: AGB and post-AGB - stars: Population II

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJ/742/37): table1.dat table2.dat refs.dat>

Simbad objects: 16

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