Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 528A, 140-140 (2011/4-1)
Concurrent X-ray, near-infrared, sub-millimeter, and GeV gamma-ray observations of Sagittarius A*.
TRAP G., GOLDWURM A., DODDS-EDEN K., WEISS A., TERRIER R., PONTI G., GILLESSEN S., GENZEL R., FERRANDO P., BELANGER G., CLENET Y., ROUAN D., PREDEHL P., CAPELLI R., MELIA F. and YUSEF-ZADEH F.
Abstract (from CDS):
The radiative counterpart of the supermassive black hole at the Galactic center (GC), SgrA*, is subject to frequent flares that are visible simultaneously in X-rays and the near-infrared (NIR). Often, enhanced radio variability from centimeter to sub-millimeter wavelengths is observed to follow these X-ray/NIR eruptions. We present here a multi-wavelength campaign carried out in April 2009, with the aim of characterizing this broadband flaring activity. Concurrent data from the XMM-Newton/EPIC (2-10keV), VLT/NACO (2.1µm, 3.8µm), APEX/LABOCA (870µm), and Fermi/LAT (0.1-200GeV) instruments are employed to derive light curves and spectral energy distributions of new flares from SgrA*. We detected two relatively bright NIR flares, both associated with weak X-ray activity, one of which was followed by a strong sub-mm outburst ∼200-min later. Photometric spectral information on a NIR flare was obtained for the first time with NACO, giving a power-law photon index α=-0.4±0.3 (Fν∝να). The first attempt to detect flaring activity from the Fermi GC source 1FGLJ1745.6-2900 is also reported. We model NIR, X-ray, and sub-mm flares in the context of non-thermal emission processes. We find that the simplest scenario involving a single expanding plasmoid releasing synchrotron NIR/sub-mm and synchrotron self-Compton X-ray radiation is inadequate to reproduce the data, but we offer suggestions to reconcile the basic elements of the theory and the observations.
Galaxy: center - black hole physics - radiation mechanisms: non-thermal - X-rays: general - infrared: general - submillimeter: general
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