SIMBAD references

2010ApJ...708.1482L - Astrophys. J., 708, 1482-1491 (2010/January-2)

Short-term hα variability in M dwarfs.


Abstract (from CDS):

We spectroscopically study the variability of Hα emission in mid- to late-M dwarfs on timescales of ∼0.1-1 hr as a proxy for magnetic variability. About 80% of our sample exhibits statistically significant variability on the full range of timescales probed by the observations, and with amplitude ratios in the range of ∼1.2-4. No events with an order of magnitude increase in Hα luminosity were detected, indicating that their rate is ≲0.05 hr–1 (95% confidence level). We find a clear increase in variability with later spectral type, despite an overall decrease in Hα "activity" (i.e., L/Lbol). For the ensemble of Hα variability events, we find a nearly order of magnitude increase in the number of events from timescales of about 10-30 minutes, followed by a roughly uniform distribution at longer durations. The event amplitudes follow an exponential distribution with a characteristic scale of Max(EW)/Min(EW) - 1 ~ 0.7. This distribution predicts a low rate of ∼10–6hr–1 for events with Max(EW)/Min(EW) ≳ 10, but serendipitous detections of such events in the past suggest that they represent a different distribution. Finally, we find a possible decline in the amplitude of events with durations of ≳0.5 hr, which may point to a typical energy release in Hα events for each spectral type (E ∼ Lxt ∼ const). Longer observations of individual active objects are required to further investigate this possibility. Similarly, a larger sample may shed light on whether Hα variability correlates with properties such as age or rotation velocity.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: activity - stars: flare - stars: late-type - stars: magnetic fields

Simbad objects: 44

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