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2009MNRAS.395.1579K - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 395, 1579-1584 (2009/May-3)

Discovery of long-term superorbital periodicities in the pseudo-transient LMXBs: IGRJ17098-3628 and EXO0748-676.

KOTZE M.M., CHARLES P.A. and CRAUSE L.A.

Abstract (from CDS):

Long-term monitoring of the recently discovered X-ray transient, IGRJ17098-3628, by the All-Sky Monitor on-board the Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer, has shown that it displays a long-term (~163d) quasi-periodic modulation in the data spanning its active' state (i.e. approximately MJD 53450-54200). Furthermore, this light curve is not typical of classical' soft X-ray transients, in that J17098-3628 has remained active since its initial discovery, and may be more akin to the pseudo-transient EXO0748-676, which is now classified as a persistent low-mass X-ray binary (LMXB). However, EXO0748-676 recently entered a more active phase (since approximately MJD 53050), and since then we find that it too displays a quasi-periodic modulation (~181d) in its light curve. This must be a `superorbital' modulation, as the orbital period of EXO0748-676 is well established (3.8h), and hence we interpret both objects' long periods as representing some intrinsic properties of the accretion disc (such as coupled precessional and warping effects). By analogy, we therefore suggest that IGRJ17098-3628 is another member of this class of pseudo-transient LMXBs and is likely to have a <1d orbital period.