A new sample of buried active galactic nuclei selected from the second XMM-Newton serendipitous source catalogue.
NOGUCHI K., TERASHIMA Y. and AWAKI H.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the results of X-ray spectral analysis of 22 active galactic nuclei (AGNs) with a small scattering fraction selected from the Second XMM-Newton Serendipitous Source Catalogue using hardness ratios. They are candidates of buried AGNs, since a scattering fraction, which is a fraction of scattered emission by the circumnuclear photoionized gas with respect to direct emission, can be used to estimate the size of the opening part of an obscuring torus. Their X-ray spectra are modeled by a combination of a power law with a photon index of 1.5-2 absorbed by a column density of ∼1023–24/cm2, an unabsorbed power law, narrow Gaussian lines, and some additional soft components. We find that scattering fractions of 20 among 22 objects are less than a typical value (∼3%) for Seyfert 2s observed so far. In particular, those of eight objects are smaller than 0.5%, which are in the range for buried AGNs found in recent hard X-ray surveys. Moreover, [O III] λ5007 luminosities at given X-ray luminosities for some objects are smaller than those for Seyfert 2s previously known. This fact could be interpreted as a smaller size of optical narrow emission-line regions produced in the opening direction of the obscuring torus. These results indicate that they are strong candidates for the AGN buried in a very geometrically thick torus.
galaxies: active - galaxies: Seyfert - X-rays: galaxies